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Undergraduate-level courses, in alphabetical order

Undergraduate-level courses, in alphabetical order

List of Course Description Content Areas:

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Symbols And Abbreviations in Course Listings:

Courses are listed by course number followed by course title. Courses offered concurrently at more than one level are listed with a split number (e.g., 234-334).

The number in parentheses following the title indicates the number of credits for that course. When a range of credits is offered, the specific number of credits within that range is determined either when the course is scheduled or, for variable-credit courses (identified as “VC”), when each student selects an individually approved number of credits.

When there are numerals following the number of credits, it indicates a number of contact hours per week different from the number of credit hours. In this example, BIO 484 Hematology (4); 2,4, the first number indicates lecture contact hours, and the second number indicates lab or studio contact hours. Their sum equals the total contact time. The total contact time may exceed the course credit hours. When no numerals follow the number of credits, the course’s contact hours per week match the number of course credit hours (with one hour comprising 50 minutes of meeting time).

Any specific prerequisites or corequisites are stated at the end of the course description. These are enforced by academic program advisers and by the faculty member teaching the course in question. In cases where specific course prerequisites are not stated, assumption of ability to perform at the appropriate level in that discipline is still made. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in prerequisite courses in order to advance to the next course.

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Accounting (ACCT), Courses in

287. Principles of Financial Accounting (3)
A study of the fundamentals of financial record keeping and basic accounting principles. 

288. Principles of Managerial Account (3)
An introduction to management accounting and application of accounting to business decisions. Prerequisites: ACCT 287 and MIS 145, or permission of instructor. 

290 – 390. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Independent study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

301. Cost Accounting (3)
This course is a study of the job order, process, and standard cost system. Prerequisites: ACCT 288 and BUS 110 (or MATH 153) or permission of instructor.

321. Individual Taxation (3)
Study of federal tax legislation as applied to individual incomes, with some study of taxation on business. Recommended for non-business majors. Prerequisite: ACCT 287 or permission of instructor.

387. Intermediate Accounting 1 (3)
Critical study of standards for asset valuation and income determination. Prerequisites: ACCT 287 and BUS 110 (or MATH 153) or permission of instructor. 

388. Intermediate Accounting 2 (3)
A continuation of ACCT 387. Study of liabilities recognition and measurement and stockholder’s equity. Prerequisite: ACCT 387 or permission of instructor.

392. Intermediate Accounting 3 (3)
A continuation of ACCT 388. Preparation and analysis of financial statements and issues related to income measurement. Prerequisite: ACCT 388 or permission of instructor.

401. Budgeting (3)
A study of comprehensive profit planning and control. Prerequisite: ACCT 288 or permission of instructor.

404. Cost Accounting (3)
A study of the job order, process, and standard cost system. Prerequisites: ACCT 288 and BUS 200 or permission of instructor.

408. Tax Planning (3)
Study of Income tax principles and law applied to the financial planning process. The course focuses on how income taxes impact financial planning for individuals and families. Prerequisite: ACCT 287 or permission of instructor.

410. Accounting Technology (3)
A study of computerized financial accounting technology using integrated accounting systems. Prerequisite: ACCT 287

415. Oil and Gas Accounting (3)
Study of the principles and practices of oil and gas accounting as it pertains to exploration, production and distribution activities.  Prerequisites: BUS 402 and ACCT 404.

422. Corporate, Partnership, and Estate Taxation (3)
A continuation of ACCT 321, with emphasis on corporation tax, estate tax, and partnership and gift tax. Prerequisite: ACCT 321 or permission of instructor.

481. Accounting Systems (3)
The formal accounting-information system, with emphasis on the application of general theory of information to the problem of efficient economic operations. Prerequisite: ACCT 387 or permission of instructor.

482. International Accounting (3)
A study of the differences in reporting procedures between US GAAP and IFRS, the convergence agreement between FASB and IASB, and their importance to business. Prerequisite: ACCT 392.

485. Financial Statement Analysis (3)
This course provides a foundation for reading and interpreting a firm’s financial statements. The course focuses on a firm’s 10-K fillings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The course will analyze various components of the firm’s filings, including financial statements, management discussion and analysis, footnotes, and auditor’s opinion on financial statements and footnotes. The course covers both the practical interpretation from reading the firm’s 10-K and the underlying accounting theory. Prerequisites: ACCT 392 and FIN 341.

487. Advanced Accounting Topics (3)
Advanced topics in accounting, with emphasis on consolidated financial statements. Prerequisites: ACCT 301 and ACCT 392 or permission of instructor.

489. Governmental Accounting (3)
This course covers accounting principles and procedures for governmental and institutional units and fiduciaries.   In addition, the course provides a foundation for not-for-profit accounting. Prerequisite: ACCT 287.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual directed study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

492. Auditing (3)
Techniques of auditing procedures. Prerequisite: ACCT 387 or permission of instructor.

495. CPA Review (3)
This course provides the CPA candidate an effective way to prepare for the CPA examination. The class will help you focus on specific weak areas. Prerequisites: ACCT 321, 422, 489, 483, 392, 492, and ECON 216, FIN 342, or permission of instructor.

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American Sign Language (LANG), Courses in

109. American Sign Language 1 (4)
This course introduces the student to American Sign Language (ASL). It is interactive, and develops basic ASL competency and imparts grammatical and cultural knowledge useful to the beginning signer.

110. American Sign Language 2 (4)
This second half of the beginning-level American Sign Language course expands the general objectives of the first course. The course continues to be interactive and develops basic ASL competency. Special attention is given to grammatical and cultural knowledge useful to the beginning signer. Prerequisite: LANG 109.

209. American Sign Language 3 (3)
This is an intermediate-level American Sign Language course. This course continues to be interactive, develops intermediate ASL competency, and grammatical and cultural knowledge useful to the intermediate signer. Prerequisite: LANG 110 or equivalent.

210. American Sign Language 4 (3)
This is a continuation of the intermediate-level American Sign Language course. This course continues to be interactive, develops intermediate ASL competency, and grammatical and cultural knowledge useful to the intermediate signer. Prerequisite: LANG 209 or equivalent.

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Anthropology (ANTH), Courses in

102. Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology (3)
A study of the concepts of culture and its application in the analysis of human group behavior.  NM Common Course Number: ANTH 2113.

103. Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology (3)
Introduction to the subdisciplines of physical anthropology and archaeology in the investigation of the origin, distribution, adaptation and evolution of early humans, up to the rise of civilization in the Old and New World. NM Common Course Number: ANTH 2213.

235 - 435. Selected Topic in Anthropology (I-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in anthropology. May be repeated with change of content.

274. Indian Cultures of North America (3)
Introduction of peoples and cultures of Native North America, including Mexico, at time of first European contact, employing “Culture Area Concept.” Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

300. Sociocultural Theory (3)
Survey of the principal developments of sociocultural theory that have contributed to the emergence, development, and consolidation of the disciplines of anthropology and sociology. Prerequisite: One introductory course in anthropology or sociology.

303. Anthropological Theory (3)
A survey of the major directions in contemporary American and Western European anthropology. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

330. Research Methods in Social Relations (4)
This course is the first in the series of methodology courses offered by sociology. The course examines the ways in which social scientist investigates society and social phenomena. Student will be led through some of the same reasoning that researchers use whey they think about doing their work in a professional setting. Students will learn how to survey and identify major research issues and methods using both quantitative and qualitative studies. The main objective of this course is to develop an interest among students to challenge ideas that are presented as fact and be able ask questions related to the research process (including design, sampling, data gathering and generalization issues). Students are expected to be able to apply their understanding of the research process to answer questions they find interesting by adopting appropriate methodology. Communicating their findings from various projects is essential. Topics covered include research design, measurement, sampling techniques, surveys, experiments, field research, unobtrusive research measure, applied research, and an introduction to data analysis and report writing.

352. Laboratory Research (I-3 VC)
Research experience in the anthropology laboratory. May be repeated.

374. Indian Cultures of Central America (3)
A study of the native people, cultures, and culture areas of Central America. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

398. Anthropological Field Studies (2-4 VC)
Ethnological and/or archaeological field studies in selected sites. The destination and time in the field vary and are announced at the time of offering. A preparation session before departure is required.

410. Methods in Theory in Archaeology (3); 2,2
The purpose, techniques, methods and theory of archaeology in the study of the human past and in the context of modern science. Prerequisites: ANTH 102 and 103 or Permission of instructor.

411. Paleoethnobotany (3)
The question of subsistence is central to every archaeological inquiry. The specialized field of paleoethnobotany allows us to infer dietary habits from charred plant remains recovered during archaeological excavations. This course familiarizes students with field methods employed in the recovery of botanical remains (samplings, flotation, capture, and drying) and lab methods used to identify and interpret them. Special emphasis will be placed on identifying wild and domestic plants used by prehistoric peoples of northeastern New Mexico.

412. Lithic Technology and Analysis (3)
This course familiarizes students with the study of stone tools in archaeological contexts. We wish to learn from which materials these tools were made, the techniques that were employed, and how they came to be discarded to become part of the archaeological record. We also wish to know from where the materials came and what properties caused them to be selected for the purpose or purposes for which they were chosen. Accordingly, the course is broken into four general areas: geology, technology, analysis, and interpretation.

413. Archaeology of the Southwest (3); 2,2
Study of prehistoric cultures, before 1500, of the greater Southwest and Northern New Mexico. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

414. Field Methods In Archaeology (2-6 VC)
Instruction in archaeology field and laboratory techniques and methods. Prerequisite: ANTH 410 or Permission of instructor.

415. Development and Sociocultural Change (3)
This course concerns the nature and consequences of development and culture change. The focus is on contemporary issues and the many ways in which anthropology is used outside its purely academic context: how anthropology is applied to contemporary human issues, how it benefits society, and how it advances theoretical knowledge. Prerequisite: One introductory course in anthropology or sociology. Cross-listed as: SOC 415.  

420. Anthropology Goes to the Movies (3)
The course features ethnographic films that explore cross-cultural themes about identities (race-ethnicity, nationality, political organization, religion, gender, class, sexuality, and so on) primarily through film and secondarily through ethnographic texts. Course readings, films, class lectures and discussions will examine the themes of cinematic (visual and auditory) manipulation of audience’s perceptions and interpretations, research and ethics and accountabilities, and the politics of ethnographic representation. Students will learn about film in anthropology by viewing and discussing films that reflect various anthropological principles. Thinking about anthropology films will require taking and writing about the subject.

421. Ethnology (3)
An advanced study of the development of the discipline and close examination of selected ethnological texts. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

422. Religion and Culture (3)
The course addresses the origins, elements, forms, and symbolism of religion, provides a comparative survey of religious beliefs, myths, practices and symbolism, and focuses on religion in the context of culture, and teaches the appreciation of religious differences. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology. Cross-listed as: SOC 422.

424. Social/Cultural Dynamics in the Southwest (3)
Investigation of the interrelationships among today’s major cultural groups living in the greater Southwest and Northern New Mexico.

428. Comparative Legal Systems (3)
A sociological and anthropological analysis of social control and law in a variety of social and cultural contexts.

429. Gender, Culture, and Society (3)
This course provides a foundation for understanding gender as expressed within and influenced by society. Cross-culturally, men and women are perceived as different; often as opposites. This perception can affect the quality of life, both on a structural level (in terms of wages earned, jobs held) and on an interpersonal level (in terms of expression of self/autonomy). Various theoretical perspectives are explored to understand why this perception of difference exists, how it translates into inequality, and how it is learned.

442. Forensic Anthropology (3); 2,2
Presentation and application of biological anthropology techniques in the identification of humans from skeletal remains.

451. Senior Seminar (3)
A capstone course designed to synthesize and integrate knowledge in anthropology and sociology. Cross-listed as: SOC 451.

454. Women and Globalization (3)
This course examines how women’s lives are shaped by globalization through the feminization of labor and migration, environmental degradation, diaspora, sexuality, cultural displacement, and militarization. It explores the ways women have confronted these conditions as well as the possibilities and challenges of cross-border feminist coalitions.

456. U.S.-Mexico Immigration: Border Issues (3)
Socially and culturally, economically and demographically no international process has affected everyday life in the United States more than Mexican immigration. The course will examine the evolution, expansion and maintenance of processes and structures that have come to institutionalize the unspoken immigration “agreements” between these two nations.

461. Communication and Culture (3)
Anthropological linguistics, focusing on investigations of the relationships between language and culture. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

474. Contemporary Indian Issues (3)
An examination of emerging social and cultural issues in today’s American Indian society.

476. Indians of the Greater Southwest (3)
A survey of the Native American cultures in the greater Southwest since 1500, including both Pueblo and non-Pueblo cultures. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

477. The Hispanic Southwest (3)
An ethnohistorical and socioanthropological examination of Spanish-speaking people in the Southwest from their establishment to contemporary times.

480. Issues in Applied Anthropology (3)
This course focuses on what applied anthropology is, how it is done, how it benefits society, and how it advances anthropology’s theoretical knowledge of culture and society. It is also for students who are interested in learning about the various ways in which anthropology is used outside the academia.

481. Cultural Resource Management (3)
This course provides students with the foundations for conducting cultural resource management (CRM). It addresses laws, regulations, agencies, and techniques needed for conducting CRM work and practical experience. Prerequisite: One Culture Area course.

490. Independent Study (I-4 VC)
Individual, directed study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

496. Ethnographic Fieldwork (I-4 VC)
Training and practice in the traditional ethnographic methods, i.e., mapping, census-taking, participant observation, informal interviewing, formation of projects, and data analysis. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

499. Independent Research (I-4 VC)
Individual, directed research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Art (Art), Courses in

100. Introduction to Art (3)
Presents the nature, vocabulary, media, and formal elements of art. Students will gain visual literacy, enabling them to appreciate artistic, aesthetic, and social values in art. NM Common Course Number: ARTS 1013.

121. Fundamentals of Design (3); 2,4
An introductory studio course in design basics for both two-and-three-dimensional visual arts, including the concepts of unity, emphasis, balance, scales, rhythm, line, texture, space, motion, and color.

135-435. Selected Topics in Art (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in fine arts. May be repeated with a change of content. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

202. Drawing 1 (3); 2,4
Basic drawing concepts and skills to assist the student in acquiring a graphic vocabulary in a variety of drawing media.

203. Drawing 2 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 202, with emphasis placed on the figure, still life, landscape, and personal imagery. Prerequisite: ART 202 or permission of instructor.

221. Painting 1 (3); 2,4
This course is an introduction to painting materials, techniques, color, and fundamental composition. A brief history of painting will be acquired through lectures. Prerequisites: ART 121 and 202 or permission of instructor.

231. Ceramics 1 (3); 2,4
The fundamentals of ceramic construction involving activities in pottery and sculpture, throwing, hand building, glazing, firing, and equipment design and maintenance. Prerequisites: ART 121 and 203 or permission of instructor.

241. Sculpture 1 (3); 2,4
Study of three-dimensional design and techniques for sculpture in nonpermanent materials. Prerequisites: ART 121 and 202, or permission of instructor.

261. Jewelry and Metalsmithing 1 (3); 2,4
A comprehensive study of the history, techniques, and processes used in the fabrication of jewelry and related small objects. Prerequisites: ART 121 and 203 or permission of instructor.

271. Printmaking 1 (3); 2,4
Acquisition of the basic printmaking skills of the relief processes of linoleum and woodblock, and knowledge of intaglio processes of line etch, soft and hard ground, and aquatint. The basic history of prints and editing techniques will be acquired. Prerequisites: ART 121 and 202 or permission of instructor.

285. Art Foundry 1 (3); 2,4
This course is designed to introduce students to all aspects of lost wax casting in bronze. Prerequisite: ART 241 or permission of instructor.

302. Life Drawing 1 (3); 2,4
This is an advanced drawing class working with the human figure, the landscape, and still life. Students explore a variety of techniques, expressive, and conceptual approaches in image making. Prerequisite: ART 203 or permission of instructor.

321. Painting 2 (3); 2,4
This course is a continuation of ART 221, with an introduction to advanced painting techniques and concepts through still life, landscape, and the figure. Contemporary issues in painting will be explored through lectures. Prerequisite: ART 221 or permission of instructor.

331. Ceramics 2 (3); 2,4
The fundamentals of ceramic construction involving activities in pottery and sculpture, throwing, hand building, glazing, firing, and equipment design and maintenance. Prerequisite: ART 231 or permission of instructor.

334–434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Experience in an on-or off- campus work placement. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

341. Sculpture 2 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 241. Exploration of three-dimensional form in permanent materials. Prerequisite: ART 241 or permission of instructor.

361. Jewelry and Metalsmithing 2 (3); 2,4
A comprehensive study of the history, techniques, and processes used in the fabrication of jewelry and related small objects. Prerequisite: ART 261 or permission of instructor.

371. Printmaking 2 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 271, with emphasis on advanced methods of intaglio and relief processes in color, and introduction to black and white stone lithography, including color. Prerequisite: ART 271 or permission of instructor.

372. Printmaking 3 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 371, with emphasis placed on innovative techniques in intaglio, the art of monotype, and advanced practices in lithography including color. Attention will be highly placed on individual imagery. Prerequisite: ART 371 or permission of instructor.

385. Art Foundry 2 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 285, with an emphasis on the aesthetics of cast sculpture. Prerequisite: ART 285 or permission of instructor.

390 – 490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual research in a selected area of art history or criticism arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: The appropriate 300-level course and permission of instructor.

402. Life Drawing 2 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 302. Prerequisite: ART 302 or permission of instructor.

422. Painting 4 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 421 with emphasis placed on an individual topic decided upon by both student and instructor resulting in a series of paintings. This course is intended for majors anticipating a BFA or BA degree in studio art. May be repeated for additional credit.

431. Ceramics 3 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 331, including firing and glaze formulation. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: ART 331 or permission of instructor.

441. Sculpture 3 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 341 and an introduction to bronze casting. Prerequisite: ART 341 or permission of instructor.

442. Sculpture 4 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 441. Development of a personal aesthetic in sculpture course intended for majors anticipating the BFA or BA degree. May be repeatable for multiple credit.

461. Jewelry and Metalsmithing 3 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 361. Prerequisite: ART 361 or permission of instructor.

472. Printmaking 4 (3); 2,4
Continuation of ART 372, with emphasis placed on an individual topic decided upon by both student and instructor, resulting in a suite or series of images in print. This course is intended for majors anticipating a BFA or BA in art studio. May be repeated for additional credit.

485. Art Foundry 3 (3); 2,4
A continuation of ART 385, with an emphasis on refining aesthetic knowledge and technical skills. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: ART 385 or permission of instructor.

491. Senior Colloquium (2)
This course is taken during the fall semester of the senior year of a BFA candidate. The student will make slides and prepare a portfolio and an artist’s statement. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

495. BFA Exhibit (1)
Preparation for exhibition of works in the student’s major area that demonstrates ability and achievement. Faculty will provide some guidance in the projects required, however, evaluation is based on an individual’s self-motivated approach. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

496. Exhibit Design (3)
Students will participate in mounting a multimedia exhibit on a topic in fine arts.

498. Professional Internship (1–6 VC)
A student will work under the joint supervision of a work supervisor and an art faculty member at an on- or off-campus site.

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Art History (AH), Courses in

210. Art History 1 (3)
Survey course of western art and architecture from pre-history to the medieval period. It is the first course in the series and focuses on art identified with the Western tradition.  NM Common Course Number: AH 2113.

211. Art History 2 (3)
This is the second course in a sequence about western art and architecture from prehistory to the medieval period.  NM Common Course Number: AH 2123.

340. Modern Art (3)
A survey of European and American art from the late eighteenth century until the present.  Major artists and trends in painting, sculpture, photography, and architecture will be discussed, with particular emphasis on personality and innovation.

380. Art of the Americas (3)
A survey of the arts of the Americas, covering the pre-Columbian indigenous cultures, Hispanic colonial presence, and contemporary Native American and Hispanic arts.

390–490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual research in a selected area of art history or criticism arranged with an instructor. Prerequisites: AH 210 and AH 211, or permission of instructor.

450. Seminar in Art History (3)
Seminar course in a topic or topics of art history. May be repeated with a change of content.
Prerequisites: AH 210 and AH 211, or permission of instructor.

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Biology (BIOL), Courses in

110. Biology Perspectives (4); 3, 2
An introduction to biology that includes consideration of the diversity of life, the origin of species, and ecology. The course emphasizes those aspects of biology that are of immediate importance to the non-scientist. Required of biology majors whose ACT Science scores are below 20. Does not count toward biology major.  NM Common Course Number: BIOL 1114.

131. Human Biology (4); 3, 2
Lecture and lab course that conceptually presents the basic aspects of human anatomy and physiology and their interaction with the environment. Current medical and basic science topics are discussed and made relevant. This introductory course is for non-science majors interested in professions related to human conditions.

135-435. Selected Topics in Biology (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in biology.  May be repeated with change of content.

211. General Biology 1 (4); 3, 2
This lecture and laboratory course analytically presents a large scale, evolutionary framework for biological systems. A rigorous, but practical, observational approach to basic evolutionary processes, biodiversity, and the ecology of ecosystems is given. This course is one of two parts of a two-semester general biology sequence, which is required for students who major in the life sciences. Prerequisites: Eligible for ENGL 111 and MATH 120, or completion of BIOL 110 with a grade of C or better. Recommended corequisite: CHEM 211.  NM Common Course Number: BIOL 1214.

212. General Biology 2 (4); 3,2
Provides a general survey of the fundamental concepts of cell biology, including structure and function of small and large molecules, cellular membranes and organelles, an introduction of the biochemical pathways, enzyme function, chromosomes, cell cycle, cell division. Mendelian genetics, cell communication and signaling, and molecular biology techniques and applications. The laboratory exercises follow the lecture topics and are designed to encourage students to ask questions, to pose hypotheses, and to make predictions before they initiate laboratory work. Prerequisites: BIOL 211 and CHEM 211 or permission of instructor. Recommended corequisite: CHEM 212.  NM Common Course Number: BIOL 1224.

231. Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology 1 (4); 3,2
Structure and function of the human body at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels of organization. Prerequisites: MATH 100, CHEM 100, ENGL 106 completion with a grade of a C or better, or permission of instructor.

232. Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology 2 (4); 3,2
Structure and function of the human body at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels of organization. Prerequisite: BIOL 231 completion with a grade of C or better, or permission of instructor.

300. Genetics (4); 3,2
Fundamental concepts of genetics. The course will cover Mendelian genetics, population genetics and the fundamentals of DNA replication, transcription, translation, and regulation. Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211, MATH 120, or permission of instructor.

301. General Microbiology (4); 3,2
This course offers students an intensive and comprehensive introduction to microbiology. The course will focus on the physiology and molecular biology of bacteria and viruses. Some emphasis will be placed on microbial pathogenesis. Prerequisite: BIOL 212 or permission of instructor. 

302. Animal Structure and Function (4); 3,2
An introduction to the anatomy, embryology, and physiology of animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 212 or permission of instructor.

303. Plant Structure and Function (4); 3,2
Comparative microscopic and gross structures of plants and major physiological processes. Prerequisite: BIOL 212 or permission of instructor.

313. Diversity and Systematics (3)
This course introduces the student to the diversity of life. Students will become acquainted with the history of life on earth, the accepted theories for the evolution of ice, and the rise of the different taxonomic groups. Students will study the structure, function, ecology, and taxonomy of bacteria, fungi, protists, plants, and animals with an evolutionary context. The course centers on identifying, learning, and describing the significant adaptations of the major groups and evolutionary relationships among taxa.  Prerequisites: BIOL 211

331. Human Anatomy & Physiology 1 (4); 3,2
Structure and function of the human body at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels of organization. Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 212, 216 and completion with a grade of C or better, or permission of instructor.

332. Human Anatomy & Physiology 2 (4); 3,2
A continuation of BIOL 331.  Structure and function of the human body at the cellular, tissue organ, and organ-system levels of organization. Prerequisites: BIOL 331 and completion with a grade of C or better, or permission of instructor.

359. Fundamental Principles of Laboratory Safety (1); 1
Introduction to the principles of laboratory safety including the proper use of emergency safety equipment and personal protective equipment, instructions for the safe handling, labeling, storage and disposal of chemicals, and safety in the biology and physics labs. Emphasis will be placed on preparing science educators in safety procedures. Prerequisites: CHEM 212 or permission of instructor. 

389. Ecology (4); 3,2
Organizational and functional processes of ecosystems: distributions, abundance, and interactions of organisms. Prerequisite: BIOL 302 or BIOL 303 or permission of instructor.

399. Undergraduate Research (1-6 VC)
Special research problems for selected biology majors. A terminal research paper and oral presentation are required. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

401. Pre-med Education & Development (1); 1
This course is designed to aid in the preparation of students planning to apply for medical school or other health-related fields. This course will provide students with MCAT review to be taught by experts in the field. Two practice exams will be administered before and near the end of the MCAT review preparation to evaluate the progress of the students. The remainder of the semester will be concentrated on preparation of the application packet for admission into medical school or other health-related fields.  Workshops will be set up during class time and will address a variety of issues pertinent to the application process. Must meet eligibility requirements.

405. Advanced Bacteriology (4); 3,2
Aspects of the physiology and molecular biology of microorganisms. The genetics, molecular structure, and functional aspects of prokaryotic cells will be discussed. Bacterial metabolism will be studied, including energy production and use by aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. Concepts of cellular growth, biosynthesis, and molecular genetics will also be addressed. Prerequisites: BIOL 300, 301 and CHEM 212 or permission of instructor.

410. Functional Genomics (4); 2,4
Functional genomics includes the study of function-related aspects of the genome. Different techniques and tools are used to improve our understanding of gene and protein functions, their interactions, and molecular evolution. Because of the large quantity of data produced by these techniques and the desire to find biologically meaningful patterns, bioinformatics is crucial to these types of analyses. In this course students will analyze and explore the genome of a model organism to learn techniques and better understand the function and relationships of genes and proteins. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

415. Biotechnology (4); 2,4
Introduces students to latest techniques in biotechnology including recombinant DNA, tissue culture, and organelle isolation as well as genetic engineering, industrial microbiology, and agricultural biotechnology. Prerequisites: BIOL 300, and CHEM 211 or permission of instructor. A special fee is assessed.

420. Teaching Science and Math in Middle and Secondary School (3)
This course familiarizes students with learning theory and methods of teaching, specifically related to middle and high school students of science and math. National and state science and math standards will be incorporated into the course. Prerequisites: Completion of all level 200-level classes in the general science major or at least 30 credit hours in life and/or physical science or math, EDUC 351 Field-Base 2 (may be taken concurrently).

422. Plant Physiology (4); 3,2
The physiology of germination, growth, flowering, fruiting, and senescence in plants. Prerequisites: BIOL 303 and CHEM 341, or permission of instructor.

423. Molecular & Cell Biology (4); 3,2
Detailed exploration of basic cellular chemistry, macromolecules, cell structure and function, and mechanisms and regulation of gene expression. The laboratory will explore eukaryotic cell biology using modern molecular biology techniques. Topics include DNA and protein structure and function. Prerequisites: BIOL 301, BIOL 302, and BIOL 303.

424. Molecular & Cell Biology Laboratory (1); 0,2
Laboratory course to accompany BIOL 423. This lab is required of students who have satisfied the molecular & cellular biology lecture requirement but have not taken the laboratory portion.

425. Marine Biology (4); 3,2
Major groups of marine invertebrates and algae are observed and studied in their natural habitats. Students participate in a 10-day field trip during the spring break, with transportation and room charge to be determined at the time of the class. Enrollment is limited to 16. Prerequisites: Major or minor in biology, BIOL 302 and BIOL 303, and permission of instructor.

427. Immunology (3)
Study of diseases of vertebrates with emphasis on host-parasite interactions. The course includes principles of isolation, characterization, and control of pathogenic organisms, as well as principles of vertebrate response to infection, antigen-antibody interaction, hypersensitivity, and autoimmune diseases. Prerequisite: BIOL 301.

428. Pathogenic Microbiology (4); 2,4
This course covers fundamental concepts in the isolation, characterization, and control of pathogenic organisms as they relate to human-host parasite interactions. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

430. Livestock Management (3); 3
This course addresses livestock health management, livestock production, economics, and effects on natural resources. Primary emphasis will be on beef cattle production, but other species of domestic animals and wildlife will be discussed. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

432. Vertebrate Physiology (4); 3,2
Fundamental life processes in the vertebrates. Prerequisites: BIOL 302 and CHEM 341 and permission of instructor.

455. Wildlife Diseases (3); 3
An introduction to viral, bacterial, and fungal diseases found in wildlife species. The diagnosis and management of the diseases are explored. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

463. Animal Nutrition (3); 3
This course provides students with an understanding of animal nutrition and appreciation of the importance of nutrition in health and economics. Subjects to be covered will include digestive anatomy, physiology, and nutrition of various animal species. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

476. Evolution (3)
Evolution, studied in terms of molecular, Mendelian, and population genetics. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 or permission of instructor.

480. Parasitology (4); 2,4
An introduction to the taxonomy and life cycles of vertebrate parasites and pathogenic effects upon their animal hosts: protozoan, trematode, scythed, nematode, and acanthocephalan parasites of domestic animals and man. Prerequisite: BIOL 423 or permission of instructor.

481. Developmental Biology (4); 3,2
This course investigates cellular and molecular mechanisms that regulate animal development. Topics include fertilization cleavage, gastrulation, axis specification, organogenesis, morphologies, and stem cells. Laboratory sessions focus on experimental manipulations of early invertebrate and vertebrate embryos and emphasize student-designed research projects. Prerequisites: BIOL 301 and BIOL 302.

485. Endocrinology (4); 3,2
This course reviews the embryological origin, histological structure, and function of the endocrine glands. Individual organs, the hormones it produces, and how its function may be integrated at the systemic and cellular level will be examined. Endocrine topics will be presented with real-world examples and presented in a comparative manner among species. Prerequisite: BIOL 302 or permission of instructor.

487. Histology (4); 2,4
The microanatomy and functional organization of basic tissues: epithelium, connective tissue, cartilage, bone, muscle, and nerve. The course covers the histology of the blood and lymph vascular systems, glands, and secretions, particularly of man. Prerequisite: BIOL 302 or permission of instructor.

488. Soil Ecology (4); 3,2
Soil as a habitat, including physical and chemical properties of soil, classification of soils, soil organisms (emphasis on soil fungi and bacteria), and nutrient cycling. Prerequisite: BIOL 212.

490. Independent Study (1-6 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

491. Senior Project (2); 1,3-4
With the help of the instructor and a faculty mentor, students will use the theoretical and experimental expertise acquired in their classes to develop a scientific question; design an appropriate laboratory, field, or other methods of study to gather information that will help them answer the question; and begin the study that will be completed during the next semester.  Prerequisite: Senior classification in biology or permission of instructor.

492. Senior Project (2); 1,3-4
This is part two of a two-semester course. With the help of the instructor and a faculty mentor, students will use the theoretical and experimental expertise acquired in their classes to design an appropriate laboratory, field, or other method of study to gather information that will help them answer the question; and begin the study that will be completed during the next semester. Prerequisites: BIOL 491 with a passing grade of a “C” or better and senior classification in biology, or permission of instructor.

493. Field Botany (2); 1,2
Qualitative and quantitative techniques of community analysis, including floral sampling techniques for estimating population demographic patterns. The taxonomy and natural history of representative groups of land plants will be studied in the field. Prerequisite: BIOL 303.

494. Field Zoology (2); 1,2
Qualitative and quantitative techniques of community analysis, including faunal sampling techniques to estimate population demographic patterns. The taxonomy and natural history of representative groups of land animals will be studied in the field. Prerequisite: BIOL 302.

499. Independent Research (1-6 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Business (BUS), General Courses in

181. Introduction to Business (3)
Introduction to business explains the relationship between business and the rest of society. It describes various business ownership forms and applies stakeholder analysis to issues of accountability, ethics, and social responsibility. The course also explores various aspects of the business environment, including politics, culture, law, the economy and the environment. The course introduces fundamental business concepts in the areas of accounting, finance, management, and marketing.

200. Business Analysis Methods (3)
This course applies algebraic concepts to practical business problems. It reviews and applies equations, graphs, and summary statistics to applications that students will encounter in business, economics, and finance courses. Common applications include mark-up pricing, taxes, risk management, simple interest, compound interest, present value, future value, business and consumer loans, marginal revenues and costs, and financial statement analyses. Prerequisite: MATH 140.

210. Statistical Analysis for Business (3)
An introduction to statistics that will create an understanding of the basic principles of statistics along with the application of probability theory to the resolution of business problems. Create skill in the application of statistics and the use of spreadsheet models and statistical software programs to practical business problems and situations. Prerequisite: MATH 140 or permission of instructor.

235 – 335. Selected Topics in Business (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in business. May be repeated with a change in content.

401. Principles of Financial and Managerial Accounting (3)
This course provides an introduction to the fundamentals of financial and managerial accounting. It is a condensed course.

434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Work placement with specific responsibilities over a sustained period of time. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Business Law (BLAW), Courses in

360. Business Law 1 (3)
Introduction to legal institutions, nature and sources of law, the ethical foundations underlying the law, and in-depth study of the law of contracts. 

361. Business Law 2 (3)
Overview of the history and nature of laws with specific regard to the business community. Specific areas of concentration will be the Uniform Commercial Code, commercial paper, warranties, governmental regulations, personal property, and real property. 

462. Oil and Gas Contract Law (3)
This course covers fundamental oil and gas law. Topics include analysis of the rights of mineral ownership, transfers of interest and the doctrine of correlative rights, basic oil and gas contracts and leases, joint operating agreements, gas balancing agreements, and IADC drilling contracts. The role of the state in the regulation of oil and gas and the tools available to it, including spacing, pooling and unitization, will be examined. Public land issues and the relationships between the state, federal government, and Indian nations in the regulation of the oil and gas industry will also be explored. Environmental issues as they relate to the law will also be examined.

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Chemistry (CHEM), Courses in

100. Chemistry for the Non-Scientist (4); 3,2
Introductory chemistry for the non-science major. The course includes a study of basic concepts of chemistry and offers students an understanding of the chemical aspects of nature and how they affect their lives. NM Common Course Number: CHEM 1114.

105. Intro to Chemistry (4); 3,1 Recitation
Fundamental principles in chemistry, including units of measurement, characteristics of elements and compounds, atomic structure, chemical bonding, chemical equations and quantitative calculations, gas characteristics and behavior, energy, solutions, solubility, and acids/bases. The course is designed primarily for students who have never had a course in chemistry and wish to have a preparatory course before enrolling for CHEM 211 and CHEM 215. Corequisite: MATH 120. 

211. General Chemistry 1 (3)
Fundamental concepts of chemistry including the metric system, significant figures, characteristics of matter, chemical formulas and equations, periodicity, chemical bonding, electronegativity, Lewis structures, molecular geometry, characteristics of gases, liquids, solids, solutions, and the mole concept and its applications. Prerequisite: MATH 120 with a minimum grade of C. Corequisite: CHEM 215. NM Common Course Number: CHEM 1213.

212. General Chemistry 2 (3)
A continuation of CHEM 211. Topics include energy forms and changes, introductory thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, chemical equilibria, acids and bases, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry, and introductory organic chemistry and biochemistry. Prerequisites: CHEM 211 and CHEM 215. Corequisite: CHEM 216 and MATH 140.  NM Common Course Number: CHEM 1223.

215. General Chemistry Laboratory 1 (2); 0,3,1 recitation
The recitation will focus on theoretical problem-solving skills, while the laboratory develops practical experimental skills including basic laboratory techniques, determination of physical and chemical properties of matter, separation of mixtures, determination of empirical formulas, use of molecular models, gas behavior, and colligative properties of solutions.  Corequisite: CHEM 211.  NM Common Course Number: CHEM 1211.

216. General Chemistry Laboratory 2 (2); 0,3,1 recitation
The recitation will focus on theoretical problem-solving skills, while the laboratory develops practical experimental skills, including calorimetry, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibria, acid/base titrations electrochemistry, metal reactivity, and qualitative analyses of ions. Corequisite: CHEM 212.  NM Common Course Number: CHEM 1221.

235 – 435. Selected Topic in Chemistry (3)
Course in topic or topics in chemistry. May be repeated with change of content.

241. Preview of Organic Chemistry (2)
Overview and introduction to organic chemical nomenclature, structures, and reactions.

255. Chemistry Research Seminar (1)
Lower-division students participating in a chemical research project will present one or two 30-minute presentations on their project to faculty members, graduate students, and other undergraduate students registered in the course. In addition, the students will participate in the discussion evolving from other students’ presentations.

299. Undergraduate Research (1-3 VC)
Problems in laboratory or literature may be undertaken as individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

317. Physical Chemistry Lab (3); 0,6
Basic electronics, optics, thermodynamic properties, reaction kinetics, and instrumentation analysis, including IR, UV-VIS, GC, NMR, MS, X-ray, LC, and electro-analytical techniques for the determination of molecular structure and properties.  Prerequisites: CHEM 322, CHEM 342, and MATH 252.

321. Quantitative Analysis (4); 3,1,3
Quantitative aspects of chemical analysis are covered, including statistical data analysis, chemical equilibrium, especially in acid/base and systems, electrochemistry, and an introduction to optical methods and separations, including HPLC, GC-MS, UV-vis, AA, and electrochemistry. Prerequisites: CHEM 212, CHEM 216, and MATH 140.

322. Instrumental Analysis (4); 3,3
Instrument design, use, and range of application are considered. Major instrumentation covered includes gas and liquid chromatography (GC and LC), extraction and preconcentration methods, mass spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis, and X-ray methods. Prerequisite: CHEM 321.

325. Environmental Chemistry (3)
Environmental chemistry explores the sources, distribution, reactions, fate, transport, and consequences of chemicals in natural systems. Reactions in aquatic, terrestrial, and atmospheric environments will be considered, including both biological and abiotic transformations. Prerequisite: CHEM 341.

341. Organic Chemistry 1 (4); 3, 3, 1 recitation
An intensive study of the chemistry of carbon compounds, including structure, synthesis, and reaction mechanisms. The lab component will include the study of the isolation, purification, and identification of various classes of organic compounds.  Prerequisites:  CHEM 212 and CHEM 216.

342. Organic Chemistry 2 (4); 3,3,1 recitation
A continuation of CHEM 341.  Special topics, including an introduction to biochemistry and polymer chemistry, are included. The lab component will include the synthesis of various classes of organic compounds and their identification using modern spectroscopic techniques.  Prerequisite:  CHEM 341. 

359. Fundamentals of Laboratory Safety (1)
Introduction to the principles of laboratory safety, including the proper use of emergency safety equipment and personal protective equipment; instructions for the safe handling, labeling, storage, and disposal of chemicals; and safety in the biology and physics labs. Emphasis will be placed on preparing science educators in safety procedures. Prerequisite: CHEM 212, or permission of instructor.

371. Physical Chemistry 1 (3)
Chemical theory of states of matter, thermodynamics, equilibria, and kinetics. Prerequisites: CHEM 342, MATH 212, and PHYS 292.

372. Physical Chemistry 2 (3)
Topics include quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, spectroscopy, and molecular structure. Prerequisites: CHEM 371 and MATH 252.

419. Advanced Synthesis & Instrumental Analysis (3); 0,6
An advanced chemical preparation and chemical instrumentation laboratory. Synthesis emphasizes inorganic compounds and uses modern separation, purification, and instrumental analysis techniques.  Additionally, instrumental analysis will explore modern methods of trace analysis.  Instrumentation may include NMR, GC-MS, FT-IR, fluorescence, HPLC, CE, powder X-ray diffraction, and electrochemistry.  Prerequisite: CHEM 321 or 322 is required; CHEM 317 and CHEM 372 are recommended.

441. Reaction Mechanisms (3)
Theoretical organic chemistry, including molecular orbital theory, photochemistry, orbital symmetry, and reaction mechanisms. Prerequisites: CHEM 317, CHEM 342, and CHEM 372.

442. Synthetic Chemistry (3)
An advanced treatment of synthetic organic and inorganic chemistry and reaction mechanisms. Prerequisite: CHEM 317, CHEM 342, and CHEM 372.

450. Seminar in Chemistry (1-3 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in chemistry. Prerequisites: CHEM 317, CHEM 342, and CHEM 372.

455. Chemistry Research Seminar (1)
Upper-division undergraduate students participating in a chemical research project will present one or two 30-minute presentations on their project to faculty members and other graduate and undergraduate students registered in the course. In addition, the students will participate in the discussion evolving from other student presentations. Cross-listed as PHYS 455.

461. Inorganic Chemistry 1 (3)
Quantum mechanical approach to chemical bonding, crystal and ligand field theory, acid/base theories, and transition metal chemistry. Prerequisites: CHEM 317 and CHEM 372.

462. Inorganic Chemistry 2 (3)
A continuation of CHEM 461. Topics include metal, transition metal, and nonmetal inorganic topics, and symmetry as related to spectroscopy and reaction mechanisms. Prerequisite: CHEM 461.

473. Chemical Kinetics (3)
An in-depth study of chemical reaction kinetics. Prerequisites: CHEM 317 and CHEM 372.

481. Biochemistry 1 (3)
An introduction to the chemistry of biologically important molecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; physical properties, mechanisms of action, and enzyme kinetics. Prerequisite: CHEM 342.

482. Biochemistry 2 (3)
A continuation of CHEM 481. Prerequisite: CHEM 481.

490. Independent Study (1-6 VC)
Individual, directed study arranged with an instructor. A thesis and oral presentation are required. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

495. Senior Chemistry Applications (3)
This course consists of an open-ended advanced chemistry project and a series of oral and written examinations that are designed to reveal each student’s overall understanding of chemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 372 or permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (1-6 VC)
A research problem in chemistry, explored through individual, directed research arranged with an instructor. A thesis and oral presentation are required. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Computer Science (CS), Courses in

101. Living with Computers (3); 2,2
This course is an introductory survey covering the theory and practice of using computers. Besides learning the fundamental concepts of computer operations, students will study the use of computers as a tool in solving problems and obtaining information. The course will also look at the impact of computers on society. No prior knowledge of computing is assumed.

131. A Gentle Introduction to Internet (1)
An introduction to the Internet, exploring the global electronic superhighway. Prerequisite: Proficiency in Windows.

135-435. Selected Topics in Computer Science (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in computer science. May be repeated with change of content.

140. Introduction to Problem Solving and Computers (3)
Presents methods of analyzing and strategies for solving problems of all types. Introduces a programming language while presenting a model of how a computer works as a problem-solving machine.

144. Introduction to Computer Science (3); 2,2
Introduction to computer science and its subfields including the operating systems, hardware, networking, databases, and artificial intelligence. Prerequisite: Math 120 with a minimum grade of C, or permission of instructor.

145. Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming (3); 2,2
This course is an introduction to object oriented programming with software engineering emphasis. Major emphasis is placed on object-oriented programming techniques with focus on encapsulation and simple data structures implemented with classes and arrays. Prerequisite: Math 120 with a minimum grade of C, or ACT math score of 24, or permission of instructor.

190–490. Independent Study (1 - 4 VC)
Independent study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

211. Introduction to Object-Oriented COBOL for Business Data Processing (3)
An introduction to object-oriented COBOL with business applications. Students apply an object-oriented program development process that features a series of steps involving understanding of a problem, formal problem definition, object-oriented and visual design methodologies. Prerequisite: CS 145 with a minimum grade of C for computer science majors and minors; BUS 110 for business majors and minors; or permission of instructor.

245. Advanced Computer Programming (3)
Topics include the principles of software engineering, debugging and testing, string processing, internal searching and sorting, simple data structures, such as stacks, queues and lists, recursion, and object-oriented programming. Prerequisite: CS 144 and CS 145 with a minimum grade of C.

311. Advanced Business Data Processing with COBOL (3)
Advanced business applications programming. Report generation, file manipulation, building user interfaces, database manipulation through application programs, and use of operating system cells. Prerequisite: MIS 233, CS 211 or CS 318 with minimum grade of C.

312. Advanced Fortran Programming (3); 2,2
An advanced treatment of the Fortran programming language. Emphasis will be on advanced techniques for numerical analysis and on the specialized input-output facilities of the language. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

314. The C++ Programming Language (3); 2,2
An in-depth study of the C++ programming language. The significant features of the language will be discussed with a special emphasis on those that relate to object-oriented programming. Prerequisite: None; however, C++ is not considered a good introduction to programming.

315. Introduction to Java Programming Language (3); 2,2
Introduction to object-oriented programming using Java programming language. Numerous programs will be written to exercise the material covered. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

316. Programming in Lisp and Prolog (3)
An in-depth study of Lisp and Prolog, the most popular computer programming languages for artificial intelligence applications. Numerous programs will be written to exercise the material covered. Prerequisite: CS 245 or permission of instructor.

318. Business Applications  Programming (3)
An introduction to business applications programming in a visual programming environment. Using a visual programming language to solve business application problems.

324. UNIX Operating System (3); 2,2
Introduction to the UNIX operating system and its interfaces including the file system, shell, editors, pipes, and filters, input/output system, shell programming, program development, and document preparation. Prerequisites: Any programming language or permission of instructor.

325. Computer Hardware Installation and Maintenance (1); 0,2
A practical investigation of the processes involved in the installation and debugging of complex computer hardware systems including disk controllers, sounds and graphic boards, communication hardware, and various peripherals. Students will work on their own and in teams to build computer systems.

326. Computer Software Installation (1); 0,2
A practical investigation of the processes involved in the installation of complex computer software including operating systems, communication packages, and Windows-based programs. Students will work on their own and in teams to both prepare computers for installation and install a wide range of computer software. Prerequisite: CS 325 or permission of the instructor.

327. Hands on UNIX (1); 0,2
C programming language and system programming on UNIX and LINUX operating systems. Prerequisite: CS 145 or permission of instructor.

328. C and UNIX (3); 3,0
C programming language and system programming on UNIX and LINUX operating systems. Prerequisite: CS 327 or permission of instructor.

331. Decision Support Systems (3)
Study of the theory and several practical techniques of computer based support systems including linear programming, simulation, and decision theory. Prerequisites: CS 245, BUS 210 and knowledge of spreadsheets, or permission of instructor. Cross-listed as: MIS 331.

332. Advanced Internet (1)
A continuation to A Gentle Introduction to the Internet focusing on advanced search techniques and methodologies for creating complex web pages. Prerequisite: CS 131 or knowledge of Windows, the internet, and simple HTML.

341. Machine Architecture and Assembly Language Programming (3)
An introductory course in computer systems architecture and assembly language programming. Prerequisite: Grade of at least C in CS 245, or permission of instructor.

345. Data and File Structures (4); 3,2
Methods of organizing data in memory and on peripheral devices and of accessing this information in an efficient manner. The course gives students experience with searching and sorting, trees, binary search trees, graphs, sequential files, merging files, and file update procedures. Prerequisite: CS 245 with a minimum grade of C.

350. Programming Seminar I (3); 2,2
The study of advanced programming techniques and technologies involving complex data structures and algorithms, graphical user interfaces, and object-based programming. Emphasis will be placed on the use of sophisticated software development and debugging tools. Prerequisite: CS 245 with a minimum grade of C.

351. Systems Design and Analysis (3)
Design and analysis of information systems emphasizing the object approach but including elements of traditional analysis and design modeling. Software development life cycles requirements gathering, decomposition, and formal modeling will be covered. Cross-listed as: MIS 370.

380. Computer Modeling and Simulations (3)
This course introduces computer-based simulation and its applications to engineering and the sciences. The primary goals of this course are to increase students’ ability to design useful models of real-world situations and to implement those models so that they can be executed on computers to answer questions about the real world. Prerequisites: CS 245 and MATH 252.

418. Multimedia Programming (3); 2,2
Introduction to programming multimedia applications. Numerous programs will be written to exercise the material covered. Prerequisite: CS 315 or CS 245 with a minimum grade of C and permission of instructor.

421. Advanced Data Structures and Algorithm Development (3)
An investigation of computer data structures with an emphasis on the design and development of efficient algorithms for solving a wide variety of common computing problems. The course also covers the analysis and measurement of the performance of algorithms. Prerequisites: CS 345 and MATH 317 with minimum grades of C.

430. Computer Technology in the Classroom (3)
This course acts as the culminating experience for the computer science side of the major in math and computer science for the secondary school teachers. Students will develop their own principles for the proper use of computer-based technology in the classroom and then work on their own project to explore some state-of-the-art hardware or software in terms of its relevance to the classroom setting. Students register once for the class, should complete the project by the end of the semester and will be given an F if not completed within three years.

431. Database Management (3)
The development of the major types of database systems, providing the framework for some experience with at least one database model. Assignments will include accessing, updating, and organizing a database. The use of a relational model will be emphasized along with various database inquiry systems, including natural language-like systems. Prerequisite: CS 245 with a minimum grade of C.

432. Advanced Database Management (3)
An investigation of advanced topics in information management and retrieval. The focus of this course may be changed from year to year. Some example topics that may be taught: multimedia databases, building digital libraries, relational or object-oriented database implementation, building database-driven web sites, text and informational retrieval, data mining. Prerequisite: CS 431 with a minimum grade of C, or permission of instructor.

436. Human-Computer Interaction (3)
This course investigates theory and practice in human-computer Interaction. Students will study the impact of human perception and cognition on user interface design and learn to use tools for building graphical use interface (GUIs) and speech interfaces. In addition, each student will design and implement a user interface. Prerequisite: CS 245 or CS 315 with a minimum grade of C.

442. Computer Systems Architecture (3)
Acquaints the student with the way a computer works internally. Topics to be covered include basic logic design, data coding, parity generation and detection, number representation and arithmetic, and computer architecture. Prerequisite: CS 341 with a minimum grade of C.

443. Operating Systems (3)
A study of the concepts associated with the modern operating system. Topics will include supervisors, command processors, device drivers, interrupt handlers, queue managers, resource managers, memory allocation schemes, process activation and control, and timesharing or multi-task control. Prerequisite: CS 341 with minimum, grade of C.

450. Programming Seminar 2 (3); 2,2
A continuation of the study of algorithms important in software development, providing students with experience in designing and building large programs. There will be an emphasis on group projects. Prerequisite: CS 350.

451. Software Engineering (3)
A study of the concepts and techniques of software engineering. Emphasis will be on object-oriented design principles, the integration of systems analysis methodologies into software engineering and topics such as formal specifications and proof of program correctness. Prerequisite: CS 350 for hardware/software majors and minors with minimum grade of C; CS 351 for computer information system majors and minors with minimum grade of C; MIS 370 for business majors and minors with minimum grade of C.

455. Introduction to Computer Graphics (3)
To provide an introduction to the applications and basic techniques involved in the general field of computer graphics. The course will be a combination of surveying the different hardware and software used in graphic systems and of implementing some basic graphic algorithms. Students will have access to SGI computers. Prerequisite: CS 245 or CS 314 or permission of instructor.

456. Internet Services (3); 2,2
An introduction to telecommunications and the Internet. This course introduces the use of Internet for both research and problem solving. Students will be expected to develop tools for enhancing and accessing the Internet.

457. Computer Networks (3)
A study of the major concepts of computer networking. Topics discussed will include the Open System Interconnection (OSI) model, data communication networking, computer communications architectures and protocols as well as applications including local area networks (LAN) and integrated services digital network (ISDN). Cross-listed as: MIS 420.

458. Network Management (3)
Application of networking concepts related to the management of local area networks. Includes topics related to repair, setup, management, and maintenance of local area networks. Prerequisite: CS 457, MIS 420, or permission of instructor.

459. Network Security (3)
This course addresses security issues for TCP/ IP-based and NT networks. Access control and communications security issues will be covered as well as Internet and intranet security. Prerequisite: CS 457, MIS 420, or permission of instructor.

460. Wide Area Networks (3)
Application of networking concepts related to the wide area networks. Includes topics related to nature and use of wide area networks including topologies, software and hardware. Special emphasis on the TCP/IP suite of protocols. Prerequisite: CS 457, MIS 420, or permission of instructor.

461. Programming Languages (3)
A comparative study of programming languages and their features. The course develops an understanding of the organization of programming languages, especially the run-time behavior of programs. Students will gain experience with a variety of languages. Prerequisite: CS 245 and one other programming language course.

462. Compiler Design (3)
Formal treatment of programming language interpreter, translator, and compiler design concepts. Topics include lexical analysis, parsing, code generation, and code optimization.  Emphasis will be on the theoretical aspects of parsing context-free languages, translation specifications, and machine-independent code improvement. Programming projects that demonstrate various concepts will be assigned. Prerequisite: CS 461.

463. Web Programming (3)
Introduction to programming on the Internet. Prerequisites: CS 131 and CS 145, the equivalent, or permission of instructor.

464. Network Programming (3)
To extend students’ knowledge and practice in analysis, design, and programming of computer networks. Prerequisites: CS 245 and 328.

471. Artificial Intelligence (3)
A general introduction to the theories and problems involved in the development of computer-based intelligence systems with specific emphasis on knowledge representation and search. The focus will be on artificial intelligence research that provides information for the understanding of human intelligence and on application research in areas such as expert systems, natural language systems, and intelligent computer-aided instruction.

472. Cognitive Science (3)
An interdisciplinary investigation of the foundations of human knowledge representation and understanding, the functioning of the human mind, and how these impact on recent computer technologies. Cross-listed as: PSY 472 and PHIL 472.

473. Artificial Neural Networks (3)
Basic neurobiology; neural networks; single neuron models; single layer perceptrons; multi-layer perceptrons; radial basis function networks; committee machines; Kohonen networks; applications of neural networks. Prerequisites: CS 245 and MATH 273.

474. Machine Learning Algorithms (3)
This course studies different machine learning techniques/paradigms, including decision trees, neural networks, genetic algorithms, Bayesian learning, rule learning, and reinforcement learning. The applications of these techniques to problems in data analysis, knowledge discovery and data mining are discussed. Prerequisites: CS 245, MATH 320, and MATH 345.

475. Image Processing (3)
The course provides mathematical foundations and practical techniques for digital manipulation of images; preprocessing; segmentation; Fourier domain processing; and compression. Prerequisites: CS 245 and MATH 320.

476. Animation and Visualization (3)
Computer-based graphical representations, or visualizations, or scientific processes and phenomena have become commonplace in scientific communities. For example, geologists like to visualize plate tectonics, meteorologists like to visualize weather systems, and computer scientists like to visualize algorithms. After briefly surveying the use of visualization in scientific communities, this course pursues an in-depth investigation of its theoretical underpinnings, from the three diverse perspectives; the cognitive perspective, the social perspective, and the cultural perspective. Prerequisites: CS 245 and MATH 320.

477. Parallel and Distributed Programming (3)
This course introduces algorithms and techniques for programming highly parallel computers. Topics covered include trends in parallel and distributed computing; shared address space and message passing architectures; design issues for parallel algorithms; converting sequential algorithms into equivalent parallel algorithms; synchronization and data sharing; improving performance of parallel algorithms; interconnection network topologies, routing, and flow control; latency limits on speedup of algorithms by parallel implementations. Design, coding, performance analysis, debugging and other aspects of parallel algorithm development will be covered. Prerequisites: CS 245 and CS 421.

481. Senior Project Design (1)
The project proposal phase of an integrated senior-year course that combines each student’s previous course work into a complete system design project. Prerequisite: CS 350, Senior classification or permission of instructor.

482. Senior Project Implementation (3)
The implementation and presentation phase of an integrated senior-year course that combines each student’s previous course work into a complete system design project. Students will sign up for the course once and be given credit upon completion. If the project has not been completed by the end of the semester, the student may be given a PR. If not completed within three years, an F will be given. Prerequisite: CS 481.

483. Senior Project Presentation (2)
Students will write a paper on some topic in computer science, possibly in conjunction with their senior project, and submit it to an appropriate publication or conference. Papers not accepted for publication or presentation will be formally presented on campus. Students will sign up for course once and be given credit and a grade upon completion. If it is not completed at the end of the semester, students may be given a PR. If not completed within two years, an F will be given.

499. Independent Research (1-4 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Criminal Justice (CJS), Courses in

235 - 435. Selected Topic in Criminal Justice (3)
Course in a topic or topics in criminal justice. May be repeated with a change of content. 

310. Process and Procedures of Criminal Law (3)
This course examines processes and procedures of the American legal system. The primary focus is on the American adversarial system of criminal law and alternatives to these systems of law and justice. The adversarial system will be compared with the inquisitorial criminal and civil codes of Continental Europe.

315. Issues in the Criminal Justice System (3)
This course provides an advanced exploration of issues currently impacting law enforcement, models of adult and juvenile corrections, and the judicial system. The course is designed to provide students with in-depth knowledge of the interdependence of the components of the criminal justice system continuum. The type and effectiveness of rehabilitative efforts and constitutional requirements for mental and medical health care will be examined.

409. Domestic and Sexual Violence (3)
This course focuses on physical, sexual, and emotional abuse that occurs within families. A particular emphasis will be a focus on the psychological consequences of exposure to physical and sexual trauma and neglect. Victim and offender characteristics will be discussed in the context of family dynamics. Typical and potential criminal justice system responses will be explored.

460. Approaches to Dispute Resolution (3)
This course provides a theoretical and practical understanding of dispute resolution processes in use in the private and public sectors. The course examines how and why dispute resolution processes function in particular environments, and critiques the strengths and weaknesses of each process. Prerequisite: Introductory course in psychology or introductory course in sociology.

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Early Childhood Multicultural Education (ECME), Courses in

300. Professionalism (2)
This course provides a broad-based orientation to the field of early care and education. Early childhood history, philosophy, ethics and advocacy are introduced. Basic principles of early childhood systems are explored. Multiple perspectives on early care and education are introduced. Professional responsibilities such as cultural responsiveness and reflective practices are examined. NM Common Core Course Number: ECED 2152.

301. Health, Safety and Nutrition (2)
This course provides information related to standards and practices that promote children’s physical and mental well-being, sound nutritional practices, and maintenance of safe learning environments. It includes information for developing sound health and safety management procedures for indoor and outdoor learning environments for young children. The course examines the many scheduling factors that are important for children’s total development, healthy nutrition, physical activity, and rest. NM Common Core Course Number: ECED 301.

302. Child Growth, Development and Learning (3)
This basic course in the growth, development, and learning of young children, pre-birth through age 8, provides students with the theoretical foundation for becoming competent early childhood professionals. The course includes knowledge of how young children grow, develop, and learn. Major theories of child development are integrated with all domains of development, including biological-physical, social, cultural, emotional, cognitive and language. The adult’s role in supporting each child’s growth, development and learning is emphasized.

303. Family and Community Collaboration (3)
This beginning course examines the involvement of families and communities from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds in early childhood programs. Ways to establish collaborative relationships with families in early childhood settings is discussed. Families’ goals and desires for their children will be supported through culturally responsive strategies.

304. Curriculum Development through Play: Birth through Age 4 (Pre-K) (3)
This beginning curriculum course places play at the center of curriculum in developmentally appropriate early childhood programs. It addresses content that is relevant for children, birth through age 8, developmentally appropriate ways of integrating content into teaching and learning experiences. Information on adapting content areas to meet the needs of children with special needs and the development of IFSPs is included. Curriculum development in all areas, including literacy, numeracy, the arts, health, science, social skills, and adaptive learning for children, birth through age 4, is emphasized. Corequisite: ECME 332.

305. Guiding Young Children (3)
This course explores various theories of child guidance and the practical application of each. It provides developmentally appropriate methods for guiding children and effective strategies and suggestions for facilitating positive social interactions. Strategies for preventing challenging behaviors through the use of environment, routines and schedules will be presented. Emphasis is placed on helping children become self-responsible, competent, independent, and cooperative learners, and including families as part of the guidance approach.

306. Curriculum Development & Implementation: Age 3 (Pre-K) through Grade 3 (3)
This curriculum course focuses on developmentally appropriate curriculum content in early childhood programs, age 3 through third grade. Development and implementation of curriculum in all content areas, including literacy, numeracy, the arts, health and emotional wellness, science, motor and social skills, is emphasized. Information on adapting content areas to meet the needs of children with special needs and the development of IEPs is included. 

315. Introduction to Language, Literacy and Reading (3)
This course is designed to prepare early childhood professionals for promoting children’s emergent literacy and reading development. Through a developmental approach, the course addresses ways in which early childhood professionals can foster young children’s oral language development, phonemic awareness and literacy problem-solving skills, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. This course provides the foundation for early childhood professionals to become knowledgeable about literacy development in young children. Instructional approaches and theory-based, and research-based, strategies to support the emergent literacy and reading skills of native speakers and English language learners will be presented.

328. Assessment of Children and Evaluation of Programs 1 (3)
This basic course familiarizes students with a variety of culturally appropriate assessment methods and instruments, including systematic observation of typically and nontypically developing children. The course addresses the development and use of formative and summative assessment and evaluation instruments to ensure comprehensive quality of the total environment for children, families, and the community. Students will develop skills for evaluating the assessment process and involving other teachers, professionals and families in the process.

332. Practicum for Curriculum Development through Play: Birth through Age 4 (2)
This beginning practicum course is a corequisite with ECME 304. The field-based component of this course will provide experiences that address curriculum content that is relevant for children, birth through age 4, in developmentally and culturally sensitive ways of integrating content into teaching and learning experiences. Information on adapting content areas to meet the needs of children with special needs and the development of IFSPs is included. Curriculum development in all areas, including literacy, numeracy, the arts, health, science, social skills, and adaptive learning for children, birth through age 4, is emphasized.  Corequisite: ECME 304. 

334. Curriculum Development & Implementation Practicum: Age 3 (Pre-K) through Grade 3 (2)
This beginning practicum course is a corequisite with ECME 306. The field-based component of this course will provide experiences that address developmentally appropriate curriculum content in early childhood programs, age 3 through third grade. Development and implementation of curriculum in all content areas, including literacy, numeracy, the arts, health and emotional wellness, science, motor and social skills is emphasized. Information on adapting content areas to meet the needs of children with special needs and the development of IEPs is included.  Corequisite: ECME 306. 

403. Family, Language and Culture (3)
This course analyzes the interrelationships between family, language, and culture as connected to children’s development and learning. In this course, language is understood as a human activity and higher mental process which build on the children’s families, community, and cultural background. Language conceived as human activity must be examined through an understanding of dialogue, because dialogue is a way of promoting positive relationships between home, school, and community partnerships. In the course of these collaborative partnerships, a vision for a better world and well-being for young children will emerge and concretize in a culturally and linguistically responsive pedagogy. Prerequisite: ECME 303.

411. Teaching and Learning Reading and Writing (4)
The foundation of this course is an understanding of the reading process including the relationship between reading, writing, listening, and speaking; individual needs and abilities in reading instruction; and how to organize classrooms and select materials to support literacy development. Concepts of phonemic awareness, phonics instruction, vocabulary development, fluency, and comprehension are integrated with the use of developmentally appropriate authentic techniques, language/literacy immersion, and multicultural children’s literature. Prerequisite: ECME 315; corequisite: ECME 412.

413. Teaching and Learning Math and Science (3)
The focus of this advanced-curriculum course is on the standards, principles, and practices in teaching mathematics and science to young children in preschool through grade three. An emphasis is placed on developing a content-rich integrated math and science curriculum that focuses on children’s development and interests, includes appropriate content, processes, environment, and materials with an emphasis on problem solving as the major means of constructing basic concepts. Field experiences required.

414. Teaching Reading and Learning Social Studies, Fine Arts and Movement (3)
This course focuses on the aims, scope, and integration of methods of teaching social studies, fine arts, and movement across the curriculum. This course emphasizes an integrated approach to teach the “what and why” of social studies; assessing student learning; planning units, lessons, and activities; developing, effective instructional strategies; and acquiring knowledge of social studies content. Concepts of expressive art include the visual arts, music, movement, and drama. Prerequisite: AA in ECME or ECME 300-level courses.

415. Teaching and Learning Practicum (2)
The field practicum is a corequisite course with the following: Teaching and Learning Reading and Writing; Teaching and Learning Math and Science; Teaching and Learning Social Studies, Fine Arts, and Movement. The field-based component of this set of courses will provide experiences that address curriculum content and practice teaching that is relevant for children pre-K through grade 3 in developmentally and culturally sensitive ways. Prerequisite: AA in ECME or ECME 300-level courses.

417. Emergent Literacy
This advanced course prepares early childhood professionals to study literacy development, specifically oral language, writing and reading. This course focuses on children from birth through pre-K, including children with diverse abilities. Through a developmental approach, the courses addresses: 1) recent theory and research that translates into practical strategies, assessment materials, and preparation of literacy rich environments; 2) the sociocultural contexts in which children develop literacy; 3) culturally, linguistically, and developmentally appropriate literacy curricula; 4) processes used to determine the appropriateness of various literacy strategies; 5) assessment, evaluation, and accountability, and 6) literacy leadership. Prerequisite: ECME 315.

420. Research in Child Growth, Development, and Learning (3)
This advanced course in child growth, development, and learning builds upon the foundational material covered in the basic course in child growth, development, and learning. An integration of major theories of child development is provided by focusing on contemporary research in all aspects of development, including bio-ecological, social-affective, cognitive-learning, language-cultural, and methodological aspects of research in early childhood development and education. This course focuses on preparing early childhood professionals to use empirically based research to inform their teaching of young children as well as preparing teachers to be researchers in their own classrooms. Prerequisite: ECME 302.

424. Integrated Curriculum: Birth through Age 4 (4)
This advanced course focuses on developmentally appropriate content, learning environments, and curriculum implementation for children birth through age 4. The course emphasizes integration of content areas (the arts, literacy, math, health/emotional wellness, science, social studies, motor, and adaptive living skills) and the development of rich learning environments for infants, toddlers, and preschool children. Corequisite: 425.

425. Integrated Curriculum Practicum: Birth through Age 4 (2)
This practicum course follows the prerequisite course ECME 306 at the associate level. The field-based component of this course provides experiences that address curriculum content that is relevant for children birth through age 4 in developmentally and culturally sensitive ways of integrating content into teaching and learning experiences in natural environments and center-based programs. Information on adapting content areas to meet the needs of children with special needs and the development of IFSPs is included. Curriculum development in all areas, including literacy, numeracy, the arts, health, science, social skills, and adaptive learning for children, birth through age 4, is emphasized. Prerequisites: 300-level ECME courses. Corequisite: ECME 424.

426. Methods and Materials for the Early Primary Grades (3)
This advanced course focuses on developmentally appropriate content, learning environments, and curriculum implementation for children in kindergarten to third grade. It emphasizes integration of content areas, such as the arts, literacy, math, health, science, and social studies, and the development of rich learning environments for the early primary grades.  Corequisite: ECME 427.

427. Methods & Materials for the Primary Grades Practicum (2)
This advanced practicum provides opportunities for students to develop, implement, and evaluate developmentally appropriate and integrated learning experiences for children in kindergarten to third grade. Corequisite:  ECME 426.

428. Assessment of Children and Evaluation of Programs 2 (3)
This advanced course builds upon student understanding of the connections, among learning, teaching, and assessment, and strategies for evaluation programs. Assessment, identification, and monitoring of typical and atypical development in the cognitive, motor, affective, and social domains will be explored.  Multiple and diverse assessment approaches, including responsiveness to cultural and linguistic differences, will be emphasized.

431. Advanced Caregiving for Infants and Toddlers (3)
The advanced field-based course focuses students in defining and implementing developmentally appropriate elements of quality programming for infants and toddlers in safe, healthy, responsive, and caring environments. The experiences in the approved setting will emphasize strong, nurturing relationships, cultural competence, recognition of diverse learning needs and styles of every child, appropriate guidance techniques, and partnership with the families, cultures, and community represented. Students are assisted through the course in advancing their ability to observe, discuss, and implement elements of quality programming for infants and toddlers in the home, small-group, or whole-group situations.

435. Selected Topic in Early Childhood Education (1-4 VC)
Course in topics in early childhood education.  May be repeated with change of content.

452. Field Base 3: Student Teaching Early Childhood Multicultural Education (9)
The student teaching experience in early childhood education has two components: 1) placement and assigned tasks in an early childhood classroom with a mentor teacher and 2) a weekly seminar in which students review and reflect on their own teaching practice, make connections between theory and practice, study particular topics of interest, conduct self-evaluations, and contribute to group discussions. Corequisite: GNED 455.

482. Young Children with Diverse Abilities (3)
This course builds on the broad knowledge gained in previous coursework. It provides a specific focus on educational policies, programs, practices, and services appropriate for infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and early primary children who exhibit delays and disabilities. The course provides a means toward a deeper understanding and sensitivity to the needs and feelings of children with diverse abilities and their families. The foundations include research-based decision-making, developmentally and individually appropriate practices, a holistic view of young children and their families, cultural sensitivity and competence, and activity-based interventions. Legal requirements of educating the child with disabilities or other special needs will be identified. Cross-listed as SPED 482.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Economics (ECON), Courses in 

216. Principles of Macroeconomics (3)
The course emphasizes fundamental macroeconomic concepts and models, such as opportunity costs, comparative advantage, gains from trade, gross domestic product, unemployment and inflation. The course introduces monetary policy and fiscal policy and explains how the government uses policies to influence macroeconomic performance. Prerequisite: MATH 140 or permission of instructor.  NM Common Course Number: ECON 2113.

217. Principles of Microeconomics (3)
The course emphasizes fundamental microeconomic concepts and models, such as opportunity costs, the laws of supply and demand, price and income elasticity, consumer and producer surplus; and various market structures, including perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. The course also explains how government interventions impact markets. Prerequisite: MATH 140 or permission of instructor.  NM Common Course Number: ECON 2123.

305. Public Economics (3)
The study of government’s effect on the economy. The course explains why government behaves as it does, how government behavior influences the behavior of private firms and households, and the welfare effects of government intervention on the allocation and distribution of an economy’s resources. Prerequisite: ECON 217.

401. Energy Policy, Regulation and the Environment (3)
This course provides a rigorous analysis of the connections between energy and environmental policy and politics, including the connections with climate change. The first part of the course provides a basic foundation in the physical, environmental, technological, economic, and political aspects of energy systems. The political and regulatory choices embodied in different approaches to energy policy are outlined and a framework provided for understanding the evolving politics of energy policy. The second part of the course explores these topics in greater detail through contemporary case studies. Prerequisites: ECON 216 and 217 or equivalents.

405. Financial Markets and Public Institutions (3)
Focuses on the use of financial markets by the private and public sectors and the facilitating role played by intermediary agents. The course relies on the basic tools of microeconomic and macroeconomic theories in the study of private and public financial behavior and on the problems posed for public policy. Prerequisite: ECON 217.

408. Intermediate Microeconomics (3)
Applied theory of the firm, with emphasis on allocation of resources, marginal analysis, cost analysis, market structures and information. The course emphasizes the application of microeconomic theory to business management and strategy. Prerequisite: ECON 217.

410. Human Resource Economics (3)
This is a course in human resource economics, a relatively new field of study. Human resource economics employs the tools of economic analysis to common personnel issues. Major course topics include: employee recruitment, hiring, salary and benefits, turnover, evaluations, training and empowering workers.

420. Energy Economics (3)
This course provides managers and supervisors in the power and petroleum fields basic economic skills that will enable them to make better policy decisions relating to energy. The course covers basic economics modeling in the energy industry, and also included institutional, technological, and historical economics information on oil, coal, gas, and electricity. Prerequisites: ECON 216 and 217.

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Elementary Education (ELEM), Courses in

201. Introduction to Teaching (3)
Introduction to the historical, philosophical, and sociological foundations of education, especially as it relates to a multicultural environment. Students will use those foundations to develop strategies related to problems, issues, and responsibilities in the broad and specific educational arenas. Corequisite:  GNED 251.

210. NMTA Preparation (3)
This course assists candidates for teaching licensure in the state of New Mexico and to prepare them for the New Mexico Teacher Assessment series of examinations. The primary intent of the course is to acquaint candidates with the structure, tone, and format of the assessments, with specific attention to content and accompanying competencies.

234. Field-Based Paraprofessional Education Experience (2-3 VC)
Observations of classroom environments for the future teacher aide and determining what classroom teachers and aides do. This course may be offered in sections with special emphasis for bilingual aides.

235 – 435. Selected Topic in Elementary Education (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in elementary education. May be repeated with change of content.

251. Field Base I Teacher Preparation Experience (1)
Initial observations of classroom environments and determining what teachers do. The class combines 30 clock hours of field observations with an on-campus seminar. Corequisite: GNED 201.

302.  Educational Psychology (3)
This course explores theories and research in learning and their implications for curriculum and instruction.

312. Teaching Elementary School Mathematics (3)
Methods, materials, and curriculum of modern mathematics in the elementary school. Observation and laboratory periods are required. Prerequisite: MATH 130 with a minimum grade of C.

317. Multicultural Education (3)
A study of educational trends, issues, and problems of students and the teaching methods and strategies necessary to teach respect and tolerance among people.

318.  Instructional Media (3); 2,2
This course examines principles and methods of utilizing instructional media and materials to enhance the classroom delivery in the school curriculum. Labs include simulated purchasing, operation, and use of equipment in both media center and classroom settings.

320.  Language Acquisition and Linguistics for Teachers (3)
This course provides for in-depth study of first- and second-language acquisition and a broad background in linguistics.

351.  Field Base II Teacher Preparation Experience (2); 1,2
This course is the development of analytical and reflective reports based on 60 clock hours of field observation of different methods and teaching strategies used in the classroom. These reports form the basis for class discussions. Students will also have the opportunity to implement classroom lessons.

361. Assessment and Evaluation of Students (3)
Problems in the construction and use of teacher-made and standardized tests. The course also emphasizes the gathering and interpreting of data, reporting of test information, and development of a districtwide testing program.

410. The Art and Science of Teaching in Secondary Schools (4); 3,2
This course provides an overview of curriculum and organization in the secondary school and to offers actual teaching experience in a micro-teaching situation, applying basic teaching strategies and techniques for the purpose of developing teacher competency.  A special fee is assessed.

412.  Theories and Principles of Bilingual Education (3)
This course explores the fundamental theories and principles of bilingual education, preparing the prospective teacher to intelligently address the issues and concerns in the classroom.

417. English as a Second Language (3)
A study of English as a second language, conveying methods and procedures of teaching English to children and adults for whom English is not the native tongue. Students will be introduced to second language acquisition theories and basic elements of the sound system. Prerequisite: RDED 315.

420.  Sheltered English for Content Area instruction (3)
This course provides a set of linguistic, instructional, assessment, and classroom-management practices that assists English language learners (ELLS), from the beginner to advanced levels, with the development of content-area knowledge, operational skills, and increased language proficiency.  Prerequisite:  ENGL 317.

425.  Reasoning Skills for the Schools (3)
This course is a general introduction to the basic skills involved in reasoning and critical thinking and how the skills can be incorporated into the curricula of the schools.

434. Practicum in Elementary Education (1-4 VC)
Field and/or lab experiences with specific responsibilities over a sustained period of time. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

437.  Instructional Methodologies for Use in Spanish-Bilingual Classrooms (3)
This course examines theories, approaches, methods, and techniques for teaching literacy, bi-literacy, and other academic skills in English and a pupil’s native language. Spanish is the language of instruction and student participations/presentations. Prerequisite: SPAN 201 or 202.

442. Teaching Elementary School Science and Social Studies (3)
Development of teaching strategies appropriate to recent innovations in science and social science teaching for multicultural classrooms. This course incorporates project-based learning.

444.  Computer Applications in Education (3)
This course provides teachers a working knowledge of the personal computer and its applications in education. This course also incorporates project-based learning. A special fee is assessed. 

445.  Knowledge of the Profession (3)
Legal, ethical, professional, and organizational issues related to education. The student develops skills in collaborating and communicating effectively with colleagues, administrators, and other professionals.  Prerequisites: Completion of core and major requirements. Corequisite: Student teaching.

450.  Seminar in General or Secondary Education (1-4)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in general or secondary education.

451.  Field Base III Teacher Preparation Experience:  Secondary (6)
This course provides analysis and evaluation of the student’s own performance in student teaching, based on knowledge of the profession and reflective observation. A special fee is assessed. Prerequisite:  Permission from the Office of Field Experiences. Corequisites: GNED 445 and 455.

452.  Field Base III Teacher Preparation Experience:  K - 12 (6)
This course provides analysis and evaluation of the student’s own performance in student teaching, based on knowledge of the profession and reflective observation. A special fee is assessed.  Prerequisite: Permission from the Office of Field Experiences. Corequisite:  GNED 445 and 455.

453.  Field Base III Internship (6-12 VC)
The internship program is equivalent to the Field Base III block and is approved by the NMPED.  Internships are only considered at the request of a school district. A special fee is assessed.  Prerequisites: Admission to student teaching, successful completion of all required New Mexico Teachers Assessments, completion of all coursework, and permission of instructor.

455.  Classroom Management (3)
This course introduces the student to a variety of techniques for managing behavior in the classroom.  Major areas and specific techniques within each will be presented and practiced, both in the class and in the student’s own teaching situation.  Prerequisite:  Admission to student teaching. Corequisites:  Appropriate major Field Base III Experience and GNED 445.

490.  Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Engineering (ENGR), Courses in

115. Introduction to Engineering (1); 1
Practical insight into the engineering profession will be gained through lectures, discussions, field trips, analytic problem solving, practical exercises, presentation, seminars, mentorship, group study and design challenges. This course provides a useful weekly base of mentorship and study for engineering students.  All engineering students will ultimately need to transfer to an accredited engineering school to complete their last two-three years of engineering training.

220. Circuit Theory (3); 2,2,1
Almost all disciplines of engineering must be familiar with the basic concepts of circuit analysis and design. Topics covered in this course are circuit principles, network theorems, natural and forced responses of first and second linear order. Computer modeling using SPICE and lab design experiments support this class. Prerequisites: MATH 252 and PHYS 292.

237. Vector Mechanics/Statics (3); 2,2,1
A lecture/laboratory course concerning the application of laws of Newtonian mechanics to stationary systems and rigid bodies. Topics included are: fundamental concepts, review of vector operations, types of forces, systems of forces and moments, objects and structures in equilibrium, centroids and center of mass, moments of inertia, friction, internal forces and moments. Prerequisite: MATH 252 and PHYS 291.

245. Programming for Engineers and Scientists (3); 2,2
This course is an introductory lecture/laboratory course concerned with the application of a high level computer language to solve engineering and scientific problems. Topics to be covered will include: data types, operators, and functions, control flow, programming methods, arrays, introduction to numerical methods, and external device/port programming. Prerequisites: A grade of C or better in MATH 211, ENGR 115 or permission of instructor.

241. Strength of Materials (3); 2,2,1
A lecture/laboratory course analyzing the response of static systems composed of various materials to the application of loading forces. Topics included are: tension, compression, and shear; axially loaded members, torsion of circular shafts, shear and bending moments in beams, stresses in beams, deflection of beams, columns and analysis of stress and strain.
Prerequisite: ENGR 237.

251. Digital Systems Modeling Analysis, Simulation and Design (3); 2,3
This course will introduce the principles and practice of digital logic design and simulation. Contemporary computer simulation and hardware design tools such as hardware description language (VHDL) and field programmable gate array (FPGA) will be used. Basics of Boolean algebra, combinatorial and sequential circuits will be covered. Prerequisite: MATH 211 or permission of instructor.

288. Vector Mechanics / Dynamics (3); 2,2
This course is a lecture/laboratory course concerned with the application of Newtonian mechanics to the motions of particles, systems of particles, and rigid bodies. Topics to be covered include: review of dynamic systems and MATHLAB programming, Newton’s law, energy methods, momentum methods, kinematics of particles, kinetics of particles, kinematics of rigid bodies and kinetics of rigid bodies. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in ENGR 237.

298. Thermodynamics (3); 2,2,1
A lecture/laboratory course concerning the application of classical thermodynamics to engineering systems. Topics included are: properties of a pure substance, work and heat, the first law of thermodynamics, first law of analysis for a control volume, and second law analysis for control volume, and power and refrigeration cycles. Prerequisite: CHEM 211, PHYS 192, and MATH 273.

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English (ENGL), Courses in

Note: Any 100-, 200- or 300-level literature course will satisfy the core requirement. Courses marked with an asterisk (*) satisfy the extended core literature requirement.

106. English Reading and Writing for Inquiry (3)
This course offers instruction and practice in college-level critical reading and writing skills.  It is designed to give students experience and practice developing academic inquiry needed for much of their coursework.

111. Freshman Composition I (3)
Students will be required to write a number of essays demonstrating mastery of a variety of forms of organization. Prerequisite: 17 or higher on the ACT English Usage Test or completion of ENGL 106 with a grade of C or better. Students may also test out through the ETS Advanced Placement exam. See the Office of the Registrar for details.  NM Common Core Number: ENGL 1113.

112. Freshman Composition II (3)
Introduction to the analysis and interpretation of textual sources and the writing of documented papers, emphasizing use of secondary sources, bibliography, organization of material, and effective presentation of research findings. A grade of C or better in ENGL 111 is required or 29 or higher on the ACT English Usage Test. Students may also test out through the CLEP exam. A grade of C or better is required in this course. See the Office of the Registrar for details.  NM Common Core Number: ENGL 1123.

151. Introduction to Drama (3)*
Close reading and analysis of drama selected from world literature of all ages. Prerequisite: ENGL 106, passed with a grade of C or better.

152. Introduction to Fiction (3)*
Close reading and analysis of prose fiction selected from world literature of all ages. Prerequisite: ENGL 106, passed with a grade of C or better.

202. Fairy Tales (3)*
Fairy tales examined for their literary and cultural significance.  Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

214. Autobiography (3)*
Approaches autobiography through both theory and practice by analyzing major autobiographies and by producing autobiographical writings. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

234 – 434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Students gain practical knowledge through internships in such areas as tutoring, editing, public relations, and feature writing. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

235 – 435. Selected Topic in English (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in English. May be repeated with change of content. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

262. Introduction to Creative Writing (3)
This course will provide students with introductions to various types of creative writing including fiction, poetry, playwriting, the personal essay, and the travel narrative. May be repeated with change of content. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

272. Introduction to Poetry (3)*
A survey course in the close reading and analysis of poetry. Class discussions are lively and engaging, encouraging students to take critical pleasure in poetry. The course covers a variety of United States and world poets and poetic themes. Prerequisite: ENGL 111. 

277. Introduction to Popular Culture (3)*
Survey of popular literary genres (romances, action–adventure) as well as film and television. Focuses on the interrelationship between myth, culture, politics, and the culture industry. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

278. Science Fiction (3)*
Close reading and analysis of major science fiction works. Explores science fiction as cultural metaphor and modern myth. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

279. Horror Literature (3)*
A study of the folk origins of the horror story and its manifestations in mainstream and genre fiction and film. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

282. Classical Mythology (3)*
Greek and Roman myths examined for their literary and cultural significance. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

283. Celtic Mythology (3)*
Celtic myths and sagas of medieval Ireland and Wales, examined for their literary and cultural significance. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

284. Twentieth-Century Literature (3)*
A study of modern sensibility as manifested in contemporary works written in English and English translation. Prerequisite: ENGL 111.

290. British Literature to 1700 (3)*
British literature from the early Middle Ages through the late Renaissance, including Beowulf, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, and selected works of Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton and others. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.  NM Common Core Number: ENGL 2413.

291. British Literature from 1700 to Present (3)*
A study of representative authors of the Neoclassic, Romantic, Victorian, and modern British periods. Prerequisite: ENGL 112. NM Common Core Number: ENGL 2423.

294. American Literature to 1865 (3)*
A study of major American works that exemplify the changing philosophies and literary trends of Colonial America, the Early Republic, and the American Renaissance. Emphasis on changing views of humankind and God and on the literary treatment of the elusive “American Dream.” Prerequisite: ENGL 112.  NM Common Core Number: ENGL 2513.

295. American Literature, 1865 to the Present (3)*
The development of American poetry and fiction from Mark Twain and the rise of realism to the present. Emphasis on the major literary schools and authors of the period. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.  NM Common Core Number: ENGL 2523.

302. Literary Theory (3)
An introduction to literary terms and to theories of literature from Plato to the present. Application to these theories to various works, ancient and modern. Prerequisite: Two English courses beyond ENGL 112.

305. Advanced Composition (3)
This course examines the relationship between reading, writing, and thinking, and how the raft of writing can strengthen all three. Students will study different authors’ perspectives on an issue and develop their own written responses, crafted through sustained revision. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

307. Writing as Advocacy (3)
Students study writing as advocacy, or writings as social action taken on behalf of others. Our primary conceptual tool will be the literacy event, which foregrounds the situation, context, the actors through which the consumption or production of print plays a role. Students select an individual, class of people, or organization for which to advocate, then research and create ways to act on their behalf. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

309. A History of Writing (3)
A cross-cultural study of writing and writing systems; the development of script, and the social contexts of use. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

310. Creative Nonfiction (3)
A workshop class in creative nonfiction, “the literature of reality.” Students compose nonfiction essays suitable for publication on such topics as memories, portraits, objects of desire, the city, the natural world, sports, spirituality, and travel. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

312. The American Fool (3)*
An in-depth study of the archetype of the fool and its apparitions in American literature. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

314. Women in Literature (3)*
Study of literary works chosen to demonstrate the historical and contemporary representation of women in poetry and fiction. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

315. Native American Women’s Literature: Voices and Visions (3) *
Study and exploration of women’s voices in contemporary Native American literature. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

317. Introduction to Modern Grammar (3)
This class provides an introduction to the components of language-phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics - as well as various grammar models. Topics also include the relations between language and social contexts, and language and writing.

318. Chicano/a Literature (3)*
A survey examining the major texts of the Chicano/a experience, including traditional, community-centered folktales and corridos, contemporary prose, poetry, drama, and nonfiction, supported by theoretical readings.  Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

325. The American Novel (3)*
An in-depth study of classic American novels from the nineteenth century to the present day.  Prerequisites: ENGL 111 and 112. 

328. The Historical Gothic (3)*
This course looks at the rise of gothic horror literature in the late-18th and 19th centuries, examining the historical, aesthetic, and social contexts that produced such works.

342. The Bible as Literature: New Testament (3) *
Study of New Testament literature, focusing on the various literary arts of Gospels, Acts, Epistles, and Revelation. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

350. Methods of Teaching Reading and Writing (3)
Provides a review of traditional and current methods of teaching reading and writing. Students examine current reading and writing theory and research with an eye toward the implications for pedagogy.

362. Creative Writing: Poetry (3)
An intensive and creative course in the craft of poetry. Course readings will include selected works and poetics. Objectives include the recognition and imitation of selected techniques and the writing of original works. Prerequisites: ENGL 112 and ENGL 272.

364. Creative Writing: Fiction (3)
An intensive study of selected works of short fiction with emphasis on the components of this literary form; writing of original works in the form. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

365. Nonfiction Prose (3)*
An introduction to the reading and analysis of creative nonfiction essays: biography, travel, nature, social commentary, the urban scene, sports, and the domestic and fine arts. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

367. Technical Writing (3)
Students develop the principles of scientific, professional, and technical writing. Major assignments include formal proposals and reports. Minor assignments include resumes, short reports, instructions, correspondence, and memoranda. Stress is placed on developing a clear and concise writing style. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

381. African-American Writers (3)
A study of the scope, excellence, and distinctive qualities of the writing of African-Americans in the United States. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

391. Arthurian Literature (3)
Literature generated by the legends of King Arthur and his court, studied in a variety of European texts from the Middle Ages. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

400. Creative Writing: Experimental Fiction (3)
Advanced fiction writing with an emphasis on experimental techniques, styles, and approaches, including stream-of-consciousness and fictive-autobiography. The reading component of this course will include theoretical and creative texts.

401. Creative Writing: Advanced Poetry (3)
A writing workshop for experienced poets.  Students will write original poems and read 20th century poetry and poetics from the United States and around the world.  Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor after review of a writing sample.

405. Gender and the Politics of Literacy (3)
This course explores the historical connections between literacy on the one hand and reason/emotion on the other, focusing on how each has been historically gendered. The course begins with a history of style and how metaphors of gender have been used to describe writing. It continues with a gendered study of how cultural beliefs about literacy shape our conceptions of the individual, citizen, aesthetic, and rationality. Prerequisite: ENGL 112.

411. Major American Writers (3)
In-depth study of a major author or authors, school, genre, and tradition in American literature. Possible topics: literature of the American West; American modernism; American poetry.  May be repeated with change of content.

412. Major British Writers (3)
In-depth study of a major author or authors, school, genre, or tradition of British literature. Possible topics: Byron and the Satanic School, The British moderns (Lawrence, Woolf, Joyce). May be repeated with change of content. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

414. Literary Realism (3)
Covers the international development of the theory and practice of the realist novel. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

421. Chaucer (3)
This course is an intensive study of The Canterbury Tales and selected minor works. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

422. Shakespeare (3)
This course is an intensive study of a group of Shakespeare’s plays, such as comedies, tragedies, Greek plays, English history plays, or late romances. May be repeated with a change of content. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

423. Milton (3)
This course is an intensive study of Paradise Lost and selected minor works. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Students gain practical knowledge in such areas as tutoring, editing, public relations, and feature writing. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

435. Selected Topic in English (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in English. May be repeated with change of content. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

441. History of the English Language (3)
Investigation of the origin of modern English, with a study of the evolution of English sounds, inflections, vocabulary, and syntax, from earliest times to the present. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

442. Contemporary English Linguistics (3)
An examination of the structures, processes, and functions of elements of the English language, with particular attention to their description in the theories of cognitive grammar.

443. Sociolinguistics (3)
This course is an examination of language use and variation. Topics to be addressed include sociolinguistic theory, research methods and application; diglossia and multilingualism; pidgins and creoles; patterns of discourse; forms of addresses and reference; sociolinguistics of writing. Prerequisites: Junior classification and ENGL 317.

450. Seminar in English (1-4 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in English. Possible topics: literature of exploration, existentialism, literature and the law. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

482. Literature of the Southwest (3)
An examination of the tricultural literary heritage of the southwestern United States. Readings include journals and diaries of the Territorial Period as well as imaginative works by novelists of the Southwest. Emphasis on cultural traditions that shaped the literature. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

485. Stylistics (3)
An examination of linguistic principles specifically as they apply to the analysis of written texts. Students will learn to make the kind of textual observations needed to reveal the stylistic traits and tendencies in the language of literature. Prerequisite: Junior classification.

490. Senior Readings (1-4 VC)
Primarily intended for English majors. Individual study of selected author(s) or topic(s) arranged with an instructor. Prerequisites: Junior classification and permission of instructor.

499. Supervised Research (1-4 VC)
Primarily intended for English majors. Individual research project arranged with an instructor. Prerequisites: Junior classification and permission of instructor.

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Finance (FIN), Courses in

332. Money and Banking (3)
Monetary theory, the role of financial intermediaries, and the mechanics of central banking. Prerequisites: ECON 216, 217, and FIN 341, or permission of instructor.

340. Personal Finance (3) 
The course is an introduction to personal financial decision-making. The topics include personal financial planning, budgeting, tax planning, and consumer credit. Strategies used in buying and selling cars, homes, another major consumer items will be explored. In addition, investments in financial instruments, including bonds, stocks, and mutual funds will be addressed. The relation of these investments to 401K and other retirement plans are discussed. Financial tools dealing with the time value of money are introduced.

341. Financial Management 1 (3)
Financial Management I addresses corporate financial planning. The topics include ratio analysis, forecasted income statements, cash budgets and balance sheets, break-even analysis, and other tools used to maximize the value or minimize the costs to a firm or organization. The calculation of short-term interest rates for periods less than one year and installment loans will be introduced. The time value of money concept will be utilized. The course focuses on using these tolls to solve specific problems encountered by most organizations, both profit and non-profit. Prerequisite: ACCT 287. 

342. Financial Management 2 (3)
Financial Management II deals with long-term financial needs to the corporation. The time value of money techniques will be applied to valuation and rates of return for the firm, the cost of capital to the firm, and the capital budgeting process. Long-term debt and lease financing, common and preferred stock financing, and the use of other financial instruments, including convertible securities and warrants, will be discussed. Finally, external growth through mergers will be addressed.  Prerequisite: ACCT 287.

407. Risk Management and Insurance (3)
This course introduces students to risk management and insurance. Topics include financial risk evaluation in investment planning, and insurance.  Prerequisite: MATH 140

409. Investments (3)
This course provides students with an understanding of investment theory and practices and the various types of securities traded in financial markets. It focuses on investment strategies and portfolio construction and management.  Prerequisite: MATH 140.

410. Real Estate Investments (3)
This course provides the framework for understanding the real estate as an investment vehicle. Value will be addressed from the aspect of the investor and the lender. The three approaches to value, including the cost, market and income approach, used by real estate appraisers will be defined. The use of ratios, direct capitalization, net present value and discounted cash flow models will be applied in the valuation process. The legal foundation, the mortgage function, the role of real estate brokerage, and tax implications will be discussed.

413. Financial Planning Capstone (3)
This course requires students to use various financial management tools to analyze and evaluate various personal finance situations and to develop and communicate financial plans to the client. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

425. Oil and Gas Finance (3)
This course is an introduction to oil and gas finance. Students study the current energy outlook, supply and demand issues, industry structure and terminology, financial statement analysis, capital budgeting and risk analysis, corporate strategy, decision-making, value creation, and risk management in the energy industry.  Students will also analyze case problems addressing various course topics and learn to apply finance theories to real-work practice.  Prerequisites: FIN 341, BUS 402, ACCT 287 and 288.

452. Mutual Fund Investing (3)
This course introduces the student to mutual funds in the context of today’s financial environment. Students will generate a portfolio of mutual funds to meet their needs. Prerequisite: FIN 341

460. Portfolio Analysis (3)
This course introduces students to the financial analysis of common stock in the context of today’s financial environment. Students will generate a portfolio of stocks to meet their needs. Prerequisite: FIN 341.

475. International Financial Management (3)
An overview of the workings of trade and finance in an international setting. Particular attention is given to handling problems associated with exchange rate movements, sources of funds for overseas operations and investments, and criteria to judge foreign investment opportunities. Prerequisite: FIN 341.

489. Strategic Finance (3)
This capstone class focuses on financial statement analysis, accounting analysis, and prospective financial analysis. The role of financial statement analysis in different types of business structures is explored with an emphasis of applied valuation of planning, financing, investing, and operating activities.  The mode of analysis ranges from computation of ratio and cash flow measures to earnings prediction and equity valuation. Students will learn and apply analytical tools that will enable them to reconstruct the economic reality embedded in financial statements. Prerequisite: MATH 140.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual, directed study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Forestry (FOR), Courses in

105.  Ecosystems and Humans (4); 3,2
A survey of environmental and ecological sciences with an introduction to the ways humans interact with and change ecosystems. The course introduces students to ecological and environmental concepts that bear on environmental issues, the current practices and management strategies utilized to preserve and sustain ecosystems, and examples of solutions to environmental and natural resources problems. Applies to NM Common Core.

116. Introduction to Restoration Ecology; Field Skills (4); 3,2
This course provides students with basic soil science concepts. The physical, chemical, and ecological properties of soils are applied to soil classification, genesis, fertility, productivity, irrigation and erosion. Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

200. Forestry Field Practices (4); 1,6
An intensive summer experience in which various forest types in New Mexico are visited. Students will assess forest management practices, harvest systems, and natural disturbances will be assessed by students for their ecological repercussions. Measurement methods used in forestry will be introduced throughout the session. This is a required an introductory course that students must take prior to declaring a major in forestry.

235-435. Selected Topic in Forestry (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in forestry.  May be repeated with a change in course content.

305. Natural Resources Economics (3)
This course provides an overview of the market economy in development and allocation of scarce resources, the economic impacts of policy measures used in natural resource systems, and the achievement of achieving environmental goals.

340. Quantitative Methods (3)
Quantitative methods are the techniques used to numerically and statistically analyze observational and experimental data. Students will gain first-hand experience with data analysis of biological, geological, and natural resources data sets. Prerequisite: MATH 140 or permission of instructor.

400.  Surface Hydrology (3)
A course designed for upper-division undergraduate students in earth sciences and natural resources management. The course combines 1) a qualitative conceptual understanding of hydrologic process, 2) an introduction to the quantitative representation of those processes, and 3) an understanding of approaches to hydrological measurements and the uncertainties involved in those measurements.  Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or permission of instructor.

402. Silviculture (3)
Silviculture is the set of practices to grow and manage trees in stands.  The course focuses on the factors that affect tree growth, tree stand dynamics and health, and the impact of management on ecosystem values.  The ecological practices to sustainably produce forest products are emphasized.  Prerequisite:  FOR 318 or permission of instructor.

405.  Wildland Fire Management (3)
A course on the behavior of wildfires in forest and range communities. Methods of prescribed fire use are discussed. The course reviews methods for fuel load estimation, fire weather prediction, and fire suppression. Prerequisite: FOR 431 or permission of instructor.

408.  Limnology (4); 3,2
A study of the interrelationships among plants, animals, and environmental factors in aquatic ecosystems. The course is field oriented and concentrates on the development of sampling techniques and the analysis of biotic and abiotic components of nearby lakes and streams. Prerequisite: BIOL 389 or 333, or permission of instructor.

410. Forest Management (3)
This course focuses on the economic and scientific decisions for large tracts of land and multiple types of forest stands over landscapes. The elements of planning management activities to create the least costs and greatest benefits for a landowner are explored.  Prerequisites: FOR 310 and Math 155 or 211, or permission of instructor. 

411. Mensuration and Biometrics (4); 3,2
Mensuration in the practice of measuring lengths and angles. Biometrics is the set of techniques for measurement and analysis of biological phenomena. Together, these topics provide a comprehensive overview of measurement and analysis techniques used in life science and allied disciplines. Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

412.  Surveying and Geographic Information Systems (4); 3,2
The training and application of surveying and GIS databases to environmental and natural resources problems. Prerequisites: MATH 140 with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor.

413. Ecological and Environmental Monitoring (3)
Monitoring is the observation of treatment effects or the condition of natural and human systems over time. Many systems are monitored for pollutants and regulatory compliance, adverse outcomes of environmental management practices, and to determine trends in animal and plant populations. The course explores 1) roles of monitoring in environmental management and ecology; 2) considerations in designing monitoring programs; 3) sampling methodologies for soil conditions, water quality, animal and plant populations, and responses to treatments; and 4) uses of monitoring results.
Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 212, and MATH 140.

415. Dendrology (3); 2,2
Dendrology studies the biology of trees and woody vegetation. This course explores tree and shrub identification with associated botanical nomenclature, and the structure and function of shrub and tree morphology. A collection of local trees and shrubs is a requirement for the course.  Prerequisite: FOR 318 or permission of instructor.

416. Soil Science (4); 3,2
This course provides students with basic soil science concepts. The physical, chemical and ecological properties of soils are applied to soil classification, genesis, fertility, productivity, irrigation and erosion. Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211 and MATH 140.

417.  Watershed Management (3); 3,0
This course provides students with basic soil science concepts. The physical, chemical, and ecological properties of soils are applied to soil classification, genesis, fertility, productivity, irrigation and erosion.  Prerequisites:  BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

418. Aquatic Ecology (4); 3,2
This course examines the biological, chemical, and physical features of aquatic environments and relates them to general ecological concepts and environmental concerns. The course focuses on the physiological adaptations of species to the aquatic environment and invertebrate and fish community structure. Additionally, this course will examine both the negative and positive impacts that anthropogenic activities have on the ecology of aquatic systems. Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

420. Wildlife Habitat Management (3); 2,2
Principles and practice of wildlife management with an emphasis on habitats, distribution, abundance and legal considerations. 

422. Forestry Pathology (3); 2,2
A survey of the beneficial and pathogenic microorganisms found in forests. Particular focus will be on pathogens that reduce commodity value and stand productivity and on microorganisms that have beneficial effects in forested ecosystems. Methods of detection and response to pathogen infestations will be examined. Prerequisites:  BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

426. Professional Ethics (1)
Natural and environmental resources professionals can work for public agencies, wood products corporations, consulting firms, or as private contractors. Professional ethics is the set of decision guidelines for dealing with various land owners, the conduct of professional and business activities, and the conservation of resources for future generations. This course explores common ethical issues for natural resources professionals.

425. Field Safety Practices (1)
This course provides training to students in OSHA’s heavy equipment and field operations regulations, safe practices for field workers, and risk management and liability issues surrounding field work by various types of personnel.

428. Forest Entomology (3); 2,2
A survey of the arthropods and insects found in forest and range communities. Particular focus will be on insects that reduce commodity value, threaten human and animal health, or have beneficial effects in ecosystems. Methods to manipulate arthropod populations to achieve management goals are discussed.  Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

431. Terrestrial Ecology (4); 3,2
The ecology of living and nonliving groups of terrestrial organisms and their relationships to the production of goods and services is the focus of this course. Course topics include ecosystem ecology, population ecology, community ecology, biogeography, disturbance ecology, and applied ecology.

433. Water Science (4); 3,2
A course focused on the standard methods of water analysis and interpretation of results for surface and ground waters, water supply systems, and wastewater discharges. The course will focus on coliform bacteria, nutrients, organic matter, heavy metals, pesticides, and water quality standards. Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

440. Senior Project (1)
A capstone course that requires students to integrate information from across the forestry major’s courses in the production of a professional management plan. Prerequisite: Senior classification.

450. Fire Ecology (3)
This class investigates the ecology of fire in a variety of ecosystems and includes the effects of fire on plants, animals, soils, water, and air. The course will emphasize the prediction and characterization of fire effects over time and space and the role of fire in restoration ecology. Case studies of restoration projects, using fire in prairies and ponderosa pine and white bark forests, will be examined.One Saturday field trip is mandatory.  Prerequisite: BIOL 389, or FOR 431, or permission of instructor.

451. Project Fires and Post-Fire Rehabilitation (3)
This class is designed to investigate the potential problems resulting from fires including erosion on slopes and in stream channels, sediment and debris jams in streams, weed infestations, loss of vegetation and forest cover, hazards from fire-killed trees falling, and potential damage from post-fire activities, like salvage logging. One Saturday field trip is mandatory.  Prerequisite: FOR 405.

452.  Prescribed Fire Practices (4); 3,2
Prescribed fires are used to meet management objectives of fuel reduction and ecosystem restoration.  This course explores the design, planning, conduct, and monitoring in prescribed fire utilization.  The course includes two mandatory Saturday field trips and participation in a prescribed fire. Prerequisite: FOR 105, FOR 318, or permission of instructor. 

453. Toxicology in Life Sciences (3)
Students will develop an understanding of the general process of conducting release, contamination, and risk assessments. Furthermore, students will be able to understand and work with federal and state guidelines and regulations that bear on the conduct of environmental public health investigations. The ultimate goal is to equip students with knowledge and skills that are utilized to assess the general impact of substances on human health. Prerequisite: BIOL 212, CHEM 212, or permission of instructor.

454.  Landscape Ecology and Wildfires (3)
Wildfire behavior depends on vegetation and fuel loading over landscapes.  Fires that burn through landscape mosaics of habitat types have variable effects on wildlife, vegetation, and surface hydrology.  This creates impacts to on water quality and yield, wildlife production, and plant distributions that persist for decades.  This course will investigate landscape features of wildfires and modeling tools to predict landscape-level fire behavior and impacts.  Prerequisites: FOR 405, or FOR 450, or permission of instructor.

461. Atmospheric Science (3); 3,0
The physical structure and dynamics of the atmosphere are explored. Air pollutant movement, dissipation, and chemistry will be discussed. Weather phenomena and local ventilation patterns will be discussed in terms and of smoke and air pollutant dispersion, fire behavior, and pesticide sprays.  Prerequisites: BIOL 212, CHEM 211, and MATH 140.

490. Independent Study (1-6 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (1-6 VC)
Study of a special topic in natural resources management in an individual, directed research-based project arranged with an individual instructor.

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General and Secondary Education (GNED), Courses in

201. Introduction to Teaching (3)
Introduction to the historical, philosophical, and sociological foundations of education, especially as it relates to a multicultural environment. Students will use those foundations to develop strategies related to problems, issues, and responsibilities in the broad and specific educational arenas. Corequisite: GNED 251.

210. NMTA Preparation (3)
This two-credit course is designed to assist candidates for teaching licensure in the state of New Mexico prepare for the New Mexico Teacher Assessment series of examinations. The primary intent of the course is to acquaint candidates with the structure, tone and format of the assessments with specific attention to content and accompanying competencies.

235 – 435. Selected Topic in General Education (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in general education: may be repeated with change of content.

251. Field-Based 1 Teacher Preparation Experience (l)
Initial observations of classroom environments; determining what classroom teachers do. The class combines field observations (28 clock hours) with an on-campus seminar. Corequisite: GNED 201.

302. Educational Psychology (3)
Theories and research in learning and their implications for curriculum and instruction.

318. Instructional Media (3); 2,2
Principles and methods of utilizing instructional media and materials to enhance the classroom delivery in the school curriculum. Labs include simulated purchasing, operation and use of equipment in both media center and classroom settings.

320. Language Acquisition and Linguistics for Teacher (3)
This course provides for in-depth study of first and second language acquisition and a broad background in linguistics.

351. Field-Based 2 Teacher Preparation Experience (2); 1,2
The development of analytical and reflective reports based on field observation (42 clock hours) of different methods and teaching strategies used in the classroom. These reports form the basis for class discussions. Students will also have the opportunity to implement classroom lessons.

410. The Art and Science of Teaching in Secondary Schools (4); 3,2
Designed to provide an overview of curriculum and organization in the secondary school and to offer actual teaching experience in a micro-teaching situation, applying basic teaching strategies and techniques for the purpose of developing teacher competency. A special fee is charged.

412. Theories and Principles of Bilingual Education (3)
Fundamental theories and principles of bilingual education, preparing the prospective teacher to address the issues and concerns intelligently in the classroom.

420. Sheltered English for Content Area Instruction (3)
This course provides a set of linguistic, instructional, assessment, and classroom-management practices that allows English language learners (ELLS) from the advanced-beginner level on the develop content-area knowledge, operational skills and increased language proficiency. Prerequisite: ENGL 317.

425. Reasoning Skills for the Schools (3)
A general introduction to the basic skills involved in reasoning and critical thinking and how they may be incorporated into the curricula of the schools.

434. Practicum in Secondary Education (1-4 VC)
Secondary campus work placement with specific responsibilities over a sustained period of time. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

437. Instructional Methodologies for Use in Spanish-Bilingual Classrooms (3)
Demonstrate knowledge of and use theories, approaches, methods and techniques for teaching literacy, biliteracy and other academic skills in English and the native language. Spanish is the language of instruction and student participation/presentations. Prerequisite: SPAN 201 or SPAN 202.

444. Computer Applications in Education (3)
Provides teachers a working knowledge of the PC and its applications in education. A special fee is charged. This course incorporates project-based learning.

445. Knowledge of the Profession (3)
Legal, ethical, professional and organizational issues related to education. Developing skills in collaborating and communicating effective with colleagues, administrators and other professionals. Prerequisites: Completion of core and major requirements. Corequisite: Student teaching.

450. Seminar in General or Secondary Education (1-4)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in general or secondary education.

451. Field Base 3 Teacher Preparation Experience: Secondary (6)
Analysis and evaluation of the student’s own performance in student teaching, based on knowledge of the profession and reflective observation. A special fee is charged. Prerequisite: NMTA exam, 2.5 GPA, admission to student teaching. Corequisites: GNED 445 and GNED 455.

452. Field Base 3 Teacher Preparation Experience: K – 12 (6)
Analysis and evaluation of the student’s own performance in student teaching, based on knowledge of the profession and reflective observation. Both elementary and secondary settings are utilized. A special fee is charged. Prerequisite: NMTA exam, 2.5 GPA, admission to student teaching. Corequisite: GNED 445 and GNED 455.

453. Field Base 3 Internship (6 – 12 VC)
The internship program in the School of Education is a New Mexico State Department of Education approved equivalent to the Field-Base III block. Internships are ONLY considered at the request of a school district. A special fee is charged. Prerequisite: Admission to student teaching, passed all three parts of the New Mexico Teachers Exam (NMTE), completed all required coursework, and permission of the instructor.

455. Classroom Management (3)
Introduces the student to a variety of techniques for managing behavior in the classroom. Major areas and specific techniques within each will be presented and practiced both in the class and in the student’s own teaching situation. Prerequisite: Admission to student teaching. Corequisite: Appropriate major Field-Based III Experience and GNED 445.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual, directed study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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General Physical Education (PE), Courses in

100. Fit for Life (2)
This course helps students develop an understanding and appreciation for personal wellness as a healthy lifestyle. Problem-solving and decision-making skills on numerous topics such as design of a personal physical activity program, prudent nutrition strategy, and stress management is included. Participation in this class enables students to take advantage of the opportunities to maximize prevention of disease and improve quality of life. Fit for Life is a prerequisite for all students who plan to major in HPLS. A special lab fee is assessed.

101. Beginning Swimming (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

102. Intermediate Swimming (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

103. Advanced Swimming (1)
This course is designed to polish strokes students already know so they can swim with more ease, efficiency, power, and smoothness over greater distances. It is also an opportunity to learn the advanced strokes which are mostly taught to swimming instructors.

106. Folk Dance (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

107. Square Dance (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

108. Modern Dance (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

109. Riflery (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

110. Tumbling (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

112. Self Defense (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

113. Weight Training (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. May be offered in separate sections for men and women.

114. Conditioning Exercise (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. May be offered in separate sections for men and women.

115. Aerobic Dance (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. May be offered in separate sections for men and women.

116. Advanced Aerobic Dance (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

117. Water Aerobics (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. May be offered in separate sections for senior citizens.

118. Lifetime Fitness for Senior Citizens (1-2 VC); 0,4
Nonmedical supervision of physical activity and fitness/wellness information specifically designed for senior citizens (over 50 years of age). Seniors must have a physician’s clearance prior to admission. This is an HU-Wellness Program activity.

119. Walk-Jog for Fitness (1); 0,2
Walking or jogging as a lifetime fitness exercise.

120. Basketball (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

122. Soccer (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

123. Softball (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

124. Volleyball (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

130. Archery (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

131. Badminton (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

132. Bowling (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. Special fee charged.

133. Golf (1)
Physical education activity course. Special fee charged. Course meets for extended hours during a half-semester.

135. Selected Topic: Activity Course (1)
Topic or topics in an activity course.  May be repeated with change of content.

137. Beginning Tennis (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

138. Intermediate Tennis (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

140. Backpacking (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. Course meets for extended hours during a half-semester.

141. Canoeing (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

142. Cross-Country Skiing (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. Special fee charged. Course meets for extended hours during a half-semester.

144. Fitness Activity (1-2 VC); 0,4
Nonmedical supervision of physical activity and fitness/wellness information exclusively for University employees. An HU-Wellness Program activity.

147. Beginning Skiing (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course. Special fee charged. Course meets for extended hours during a half-semester.

148. Beginning Racquetball (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

149. Intermediate Racquetball (1); 0,2
Physical education activity course.

150. Cardiovascular Exercise Therapy (1-3 VC); 0,2-4
Supervised exercise for patients enrolled in the Cardiovascular Health Enhancement and Exercise Rehabilitation (CHEER) Program. Prerequisite: Physician referral.

151. Bicycling (1)
Physical education activity course.

152. Line Dancing (1)
Physical education activity course.

153. Step Aerobics (1)
Motivational course in which the healthy student, through active participation, will develop knowledge and skills sufficiently adequate to provide enjoyment for this cardiovascular and respiratory activity.

154. Yoga I (1); 0,2
Learn body alignment principles of yoga poses and movements. The yoga poses release tension, quiet mental anxiety, and increase circulation. Yoga increases strength and flexibility both in body and mind.

155. Yoga II (1); 0,2
A vigorous practice of fluid yoga movements linked with the breath to create overall health. A more advanced yoga to build up heat in the body to stretch and strengthen the muscles.

156. Beginning Salsa Dancing (1); 0,2
Latin dances are the most popular contemporary dances in the world. This class provides the music environment for students to learn a variety of Latin dances, such as salsa, merengue, cha-cha, and bachata.

157. Intermediate Salsa Dancing (1); 0,2
With the growing popularity of Latin dance, this class allows dancers to have lots of fun, to connect with each other, to build community, to develop body and environment awareness, to lose weight and stay in shape.

160. Wellness Program (1); 0,2
This course allows participants to utilize the NMHU Wellness Program during its normal operating hours. Additionally, students may use the Wilson Complex and the swimming pool.

161. Intramurals (1); 0,2
This course allows community members to participate in the Intramurals Program at NMHU. Participants may compete in the Intramurals Program for the semester they are registered.

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Geology- Environmental (GEOL), Courses in

101.  Survey of Earth Science (4); 3,2
An introduction to the broad spectrum of modern earth sciences, including astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, and physical geology for the science and nonscience major student. Volcanoes, earthquakes, continental drift, glaciers, wind action, groundwater, rivers, and landslides are some of the topics discussed.  NM Common Core Course Number: GEOL 1114. 

105. The Planets (4); 3, 2
A study of the eight planets in our solar system, with emphasis on geologic and atmospheric processes. Topics include the study of faults and tectonic features, impact craters, evolution and internal structures, atmospheres, meteorites, comets, asteroids, and analysis of spacecraft images. Applies to NM Common Core.

202. Earth History (4); 3,2  
A study of the 4.5 billion-year history of the earth based on information derived from rocks, minerals, and fossils. Trilobites, dinosaurs, and saber tooth tigers are but a few of the organisms to be investigated.  Prerequisite: GEOL 101. NM Common Core Course Number GEOL 1214.

235 - 435. Selected Topic in Geology (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in geology. May be repeated with a change in content.

290 - 490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

301.  Environmental Geology (4); 3,2
A study of the human interactions with the earth, its resources, and natural hazards. Includes instruction in the geological principles that can be utilized to both prevent and ameliorate environmental problems.

317.  Depositional Environments (4); 3,2
Survey of sedimentary rock types, principles of description and classification, sediment genesis and transport, distribution and origin of sedimentary deposits. Includes paleoenvironmental determinations from analysis of modern marine, transitional, and continental environments with the information applied to problems in environmental geology. Course includes an investigation of evolution of life on a dynamic earth. The course will investigate stratigraphic and paleontologic principles to aid in paleoenvironmental interpretation and evolutionary studies. Students will gain an appreciation of the dynamic nature of the earth and the importance of scientific thought processes. Laboratory portion of the course emphasizes lecture topics through hands-on laboratory experiences, including several field trips. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and 202.

320. Mineralogy (4); 3,2
A study of the fundamental aspects of mineralogy, including crystal symmetry, crystal structures, crystal chemistry, and the physical properties of minerals. Students will practice hand specimen identification, optical mineralogy, and powder X-ray diffractometry towards the study of elected mineral groups.  Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or permission of instructor.

321. Petrology (4); 3,2
An introduction to the fundamentals of igneous and metamorphic rocks. The lecture will focus on the experimental and field evidence for interpreting rock associations and the interplay between igneous and metamorphic rock formation and the plate tectonic model. Topics include textures, structures, microscopic identification, geochemistry, and rock classification as a background for discussing rock origins. Prerequisite: GEOL 101, 320, or permission of instructor.

325.  Earth Materials (3)
A study of the origin, identification, and significance of geologic materials and processes. The course blends basic descriptive aspects with theory and quantitative analysis. Course objectives include the following:  the recognition of major rock-forming minerals and other selected minerals in hand specimen and thin section; the mastery of hand specimen and petrographic microscope analyses for mineral identification and rock interpretation; and the ability to relate crystal chemistry, crystallographic alignment, and physical attributes of a mineral to its identification, as well as rock petrogenesis.  Prerequisite: GEOL 101.

330. Structural Geology (3)
A detailed study of the forces acting on the earth’s crust and a resolution of these forces in terms of joints, faults, folds, uplifts, and related phenomena. Prerequisites: GEOL 101, MATH 120, PHYS 151 or 291, or by permission of instructor.

350. Seminar in Geology (3)
Seminar course in topic or topics in geology.

375.  Field Geology (4); 0,12
Principles of geologic mapping, including the use of a Brunton compass, barometer, hand-level, plane table, and other instruments. The course also includes the solution of actual field problems and preparation of reports. Prerequisite: GEOL 315, 322, 330, or permission of instructor.

412. Geologic Resources, Laws, and Environmental Policies (3)
A study of the policies that protect public and private lands and communities in from hard-rock mining impacts. The course will briefly cover the nature and origin of the earth’s rock and mineral resources, methods of resource extraction, and impacts on the environment. The course will thoroughly cover the major types of regional and federal environmental policies, discuss the roles of the major players in the public policy process, and consider how to use science to inform the debate and remediate or lessen mining impacts. The class will study the 1872 Mining Law which grants fee and open occupation, exploration, and purchase of public lands to U.S. citizens. We will also study The 1993 New Mexico Mining Act that improved regulation of mining at the state level will also be covered. Selected NM hard- rock mining cases and issues relevant to the southwest will also be reviewed. Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or an introductory physical science laboratory course.

415. Remote Sensing and Analysis (4); 3, 2
Instruction in remote sensing theory, applications, and case studies, and exposure to and practice with  airborne and satellite remote sensing and image processing. Students will be able to acquire data, process the images, create appropriate data, analyze the accuracy of the results, and utilize the data for specific applications. Prerequisites: FOR 412 and MATH 140 with at least a C or better, or permission of instructor.

418. Advanced Geographic Information Systems (4); 3,2
A scheme of hardware, software, and procedures designed to support the capture, management, manipulation, analysis, modeling and display of spatially referenced data for solving complex planning and management problems. GIS applications in both spatial information (maps) and databases to perform analytical studies. The course will build upon knowledge and experience in GIS, gained in the introductory course to provide students with an understanding of cartographic and geodetic concepts, impacting GIS analysis, filed data collection techniques with global positioning systems and handheld computer mapping software, effective map design, and modeling topographic and statistical surfaces.

421. Environmental Groundwater Hydrology (4); 3,2
Study of the origin, movement, method of entrapment, and removal of subsurface waters. Course includes extensive discussion of problems associated with groundwater pollution and remediation. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and 301.

422. Genesis and Environmental Impact of Earth’s Resources (3)
Study of the distribution, mineralogy, classification, modes of occurrence, and economic implications to industry and world affairs of mineral deposits. Prerequisites: GEOL 101, 301, and 322.

424. Environmental Geophysics (4); 3,2
Instruction in the geophysical tools, processes and concepts applied in environmental geology.  Processes, e.g., volcanism, plate tectonics, mountain building, and climates, are discussed in the context of the earth and other planets. Prerequisites: GEOL 101, PHYS 151, or permission of instructor.

425. Geomorphology (3)
An introduction to the description of landforms and landscapes on the earth’s surface. Emphasis is placed on the basic processes that govern landform evolution, human impact on land surfaces, and on the history of geomorphic study.  Several field trips are required.  Prerequisite: Senior classification.

432. Environmental Geochemistry (3)
A study of the chemistry of the earth, including mineral mobility, cosmochemistry, chemical weathering, digenesis, igneous and metamorphic chemistry, stable isotopes, pollution, and the thermodynamics and kinetics associated with these systems. Prerequisites: CHEM 211 and 215, GEOL 101 and 301, or by permission of instructor.

490. IS: Capstone Seminar (2)
Individual, directed research study arranged with an instructor. Students will conduct an independent research project involving GIS and/or remote sensing analysis applied to a subject of study associated with their discipline. Each student will present a written report and applied GIS project to his or her mentor. All students will be responsible for demonstrating how GIS technology has enabled them to address a spatial problem more effectively. Prerequisites: FOR 412, GEOL 415, and GEOL 418.

495.  Senior Geology Applications (1)
Required class for all graduating seniors. The purpose of the course will be is to assess the student’s understanding of environmental geology, critical thinking, and applications to geology and research methods. Assessment will consist of oral and written examinations and problem solving. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (1-4 VC)
Individual, directed research arranged with an instructor.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Health (HLTH), Courses in

151. Personal and Community Health (3);
Introduction and overview of both personal and community health principles, including concepts and strategies known as health promotion. Identification and discussion of how habits, attitudes, judgments, and choices relate to quality of life and disease prevention. Introduction and overview of the philosophical and practical foundations of public and community health, including expectations of the profession. Topics include historical survey, service organization, epidemiology, societal behavior, lifespan health promotion, government administration, recreation, disease control, environmental protection, information resources, and new job opportunities developing in the health profession.

210. Athletic Training Observation (1); 0,2
This course will be a student’s initial exposure to the role and skills of an athletic trainer. The student will learn basic workings and tasks performed as an athletic trainer. This course includes learning the medical terminology and certification process in emergency cardiac care.

213. Nutrition for Exercise and Sport (3)
Nutrition strategy for optimal health, including disease prevention and human performance. Topics include selecting healthy foods, nutrient metabolism, energy use, ergogenic aids, herbal supplements, and holistic health science philosophy.

235 - 435. Selected Topic in Health (3)
Course in topic or topics in health. May be repeated with change of content.

311. Athletic Training Observation 2 (1); 2,0
This course provides clinical athletic training observations under the supervision and guidance of a program-approved health care provider in an approved setting. Course will meet for formal competency development. Course will include skill development in first aid and taping and wrapping techniques. Minimum of 64 hours of clinical experience required.

352. Health and Sex Education (3)
Healthy sexuality and sexual abuse prevention strategies for student teachers. Health promotion, wellness, self-responsibility, and lifestyle choices and consequences are emphasized in techniques of early intervention and preventive techniques for school children. Prerequisite: HLTH 151 or the equivalent.

353. Health and Drug Education (3)
Drug and alcohol abuse prevention concepts and strategies for student teachers. Health promotion, wellness, self-responsibility, and lifestyle choices and consequences are emphasized in techniques of early intervention and preventive techniques for school children. Prerequisite: HLTH 151 or the equivalent.

370. Prevention of Athletic Injuries and Illnesses (4); 3,2;
This course emphasizes the prevention of injury and includes content on the history of athletic training, the role of the athletic trainer as a health care professional, the health care team, environmental stress issues, preparticipation screening, protective equipment fitting, nutritional aspects for the physically active, and strength and conditioning principles and techniques.  Prerequisites: HPS 370, HLTH 210, CHEM 212, 216 and BIOL 212. Corequisite: HLTH 311.

380. Human Diseases (3); 3,0
A survey of various diseases commonly occurring in the U.S. Focus is provided for both infectious diseases and noninfectious diseases. Instruction in hemorrhagic viruses such as Ebola and hantavirus, is introduced along with other such emerging disease. Childhood diseases, acute and chronic diseases, and those that are pathogen caused are also presented. Control, treatment, and prevention strategies are presented.

402. U.S.-Mexico Border Health Issues (3); 3,0
A problem-based approach to case study analysis designed to instill a broader appreciation of health issues and multidisciplinary collaboration to solve complex social issues. Instruction and research reflects upon the physical, mental, emotional, social, judicial, psychological, racial, cultural, financial, spiritual, occupational, and international concerns of those living along the United States-Mexico border. Attention is given to the broader ramifications of such issues for all United States citizenry. No previous background in health or any specific discipline is required. 

410. Examination and Diagnosis of Upper-Extremity Injuries (4); 3,2
This course studies the upper extremities, spine, thorax and abdomen as they relate to the recognition, evaluation, and diagnosis and immediate care orthopedic injuries from physical activity. Prerequisites: HLTH 472, HPS 370, 376, BIOL 332 and CHEM 342

411. Examination and Diagnosis of Lower-Extremity Injuries (4); 3,2;
This course will study the lower extremities, spine thorax and abdomen as they relate to the recognition, evaluation, diagnosis and immediate care of sport related orthopedic injuries. Prerequisite: HLTH 410

415. Health, Culture & Diversity (3)
This course examines what is meant by culture, the ways in which culture intersects with health issues, how public health efforts can benefit by understanding and working with cultural processes, and an overview of conceptual tools and research methods that are useful in identifying relationships between culture and health. Prerequisite: Junior classification or instructor permission.

421. Epidemiology (3)
Epidemiology is the science behind public health statistics. Epidemiological concepts and skills involving interpretation and use of health-related data in populations or groups are studied. The course enables the understanding of causes and transmission of disease, tracking community health problems, and identifying trends related to public health problems. Critical judgment in assessing health related data is developed. Prerequisite: HLTH 321 or the equivalent.

469. Public Health and Wellness (3)
This course includes advanced public health concepts and development of critical thinking about the role of public health in the community. With interactive discussions, the course reviews community health promotion objectives and epidemiologically derived statistical information. Comprehensive focus is on three major areas: community health promotion, environmental health promotion, and health resources and services. Prerequisite: HLTH 321 or the equivalent.

474. Stress Management (3)
This course includes an overview of the body of literature available on the topic of stress and the techniques required to manage stress effectively. With interactive discussions, the course reviews health promotion objectives as they relate to stress. Course modules include the nature of stress, the mind and soul, coping strategies, and relaxation techniques. Comprehensive focus in on strategies designed to help one cope with the stressors of life. Prerequisites: HLTH 151, junior classification and instructor permission.

489. Fitness/Wellness Program Leadership (3)
Practical field experience and supportive lecture in the fitness and wellness program management aspects of health promotion. Leadership skills include administration, health education, nutrition strategy, and applied exercise science/technology. Students assist in the operation of the HU-Wellness Program. Students may choose another work site to gain valuable field experience upon approval from the professor.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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History (HIST), Courses in

100. The Western World (3)
From the ancient civilizations of the Middle East to contemporary Europe.  NM Common Course Number: HIST 1053.

160. Chicano History to 1900 (3)
Review of the Chicano historical experience in the United States beginning with the Spanish conquest of Mexico in 1521 and ending with the eve of the statehood movement for New Mexico.

161. Chicano History Since 1900 (3)
History of Chicanos in New Mexico and the United States, beginning with the early 1900s and ending with the Chicano Civil Rights Movement of the late 1960s.

201. United States History to 1865 (3)
Colonial period through Civil War.  NM Common Course Number: HIST 1113.

202. United States History from 1865 (3)
Reconstruction to the present.  NM Common Course Number: HIST 1213.

215. History of New Mexico (3)
A survey from Cabeza de Vaca to the 20th century, including the Spanish period, the Mexican period, and the territorial period of the United States.

216. La Raza: A History of Hispanics in the Southwest (3)
Problem-oriented history of the evolution of political consciousness of Hispanics in the Southwest.

225. Spain and Portugal (3)
Evolution of the Spanish and Portuguese peoples from Roman times to the present.

235 – 435. Selected Topic in History (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in history. May be repeated with change of content.

290 – 390. Independent Study
Individual study arranged with a history faculty member. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

301. Research Methods in History and Political Science (3)
Training in historical methods, including location and use of sources, critical analysis, and historical writing. Cross-listed as: POLS 301.

311. Indians and the Law (3)
Legal and governmental development of Native American peoples in North America from precontact times to the present.

315. American Foreign Relations (3)
Foreign policies and relations of the United States since 1776, with emphasis on 20th century development.

321. The Ancient World (3)
Ancient middle eastern kingdoms and the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome.

322. Medieval Europe (3)
Christianity, Carolingian epoch, feudalism, and the foundations of modern Europe.

325. Modern Europe to 1815 (3)
From the Renaissance through the fall of Napoleon.

326. Modern Europe Since 1815 (3)
From the Congress of Vienna to the post-World War II era.

344. Colonial Latin America (3)
Survey of Latin American history from before 1492 to the early 1800s with emphasis on economic, social, and cultural development of the region.

345. Modern Latin America (3)
Survey of Latin American history from independence through the present. Topics include independence, political unrest in the 19th century, economic modernization, revolution, and current problems in the region.

346. Contemporary Latin America (3)
Current United States-Latin American relations, contemporary philosophies, and intellectual currents.

347. History of Modern Mexico (3)
Political, social, and economic development of modern Mexico.

348. Revolutions in Contemporary Latin America (3)
Consideration of the patterns of revolution in Latin America in the 20th century.

350. Methods and Curriculum of Secondary Education in Social Studies (2)
A comprehensive course in secondary-level social studies teaching. Prerequisite: 20 hours toward a major or minor in history and admission to teacher education program.

401. The Chicano Experience (3)
Major trends in the historical experience and development of Chicanos in American society.

403. Chicano Leadership (3)
A study of significant leaders among the Hispanic population in the Southwest during the Mexican territorial and early statehood periods.

406. North American Frontiers (3)
Patterns of settlement in North America, with emphasis on frontier experience in the United States.

411. Women in the United States (3)
A survey of the role of women in the history of the United States, including methodological and conceptual developments.

412. The Civil War and Reconstruction (3)
The Old South, secession, civil conflict, Radical Reconstruction.

413. The United States Since World War II (3)
American society and foreign policy from Pearl Harbor to the present.

414. The American Presidency (3)
History, institution, and powers of the chief executive of the United States.

450. Seminar in History (1-4 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in history.

452. Seminar: New Mexico History (3)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in New Mexico history.

453. History of the Southwest (3)
Analysis of historic and contemporary issues confronting peoples of the Southwest.

480. Historiography (3)
Development of historical thought and writing.

490. Senior Readings (1-4 VC)
Individually assigned readings and supervised investigations of selected topics, arranged with an individual instructor. Prerequisite: Advanced standing toward a major or minor, with a B average, and permission of instructor.

499. Supervised Research (1-4 VC)
Individual research arranged with an individual instructor. Prerequisite: Advanced standing toward a major or minor, with a B average, and permission of instructor.

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Honors (HONR), Courses in

HONR 100: Honors Forum (2). An exploration of the research, scholarship, and creative activity ongoing in the academic fields represented at NMHU, with a focus on discovery.

HONR 151: Honors Seminar 1: The Ancients (4). An introduction to the modes of organization of knowledge through the Middle Ages up to the Renaissance.

HONR 251: Honors Seminar 2: Renaissance (4). An investigation of the shifting intellectual and scholarly perspectives of the Renaissance.

HONR 351: Honors Seminar 3: Reason and Romanticism (4). An examination of the periods of the Age of Enlightenment and Romanticism, in terms of the shifting modes for the organization of knowledge.

HONR 451: Honors Seminar 4: The Modern and Beyond (4). An examination of the intellectual movements of the latter 19th and 20th centuries, with a focus on shifting ideological models.

HONR 490: Honors Thesis (3). A capstone team-taught by at least two faculty members, one of whom is the student’s major adviser, who form an undergraduate thesis committee. Students complete a senior thesis project of professional quality, which is submitted for conference or campus presentation.

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Human Performance and Sport (HPS), Courses in

135 – 435. Selected Topic in Human Performance and Sport (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in human performance and sport. May be repeated with change of content.

223. First Aid and CPR (3)
Instruction in appropriate procedures for rendering emergency care to the victim of an accident or sudden illness; including prevention techniques. American National Red Cross certification is available.

224. Emergency Medical Training (EMT) (6)
This course is for students to understand the theory of emergency care and first aid and to be able to demonstrate the skills needed to give emergency care. This course is designed specifically for ambulance personnel who have access to specialized vehicles. The course content trains ambulance attendants to recognize and stabilize patients with life-threatening emergencies at the scene and in transport, utilizing the specialized items of equipment. Ambulance attendants, fire fighters, police officers, and search and rescue personnel would benefit from this class. Upon successful completion of the course, the student will receive certificates from New Mexico Highlands University, the Emergency Medical Service Academy, and the School of Medicine at The University of New Mexico.

225. Lifeguard Training (2)
This course provides students with knowledge and skills to save their own or another’s life in an aquatic emergency. Lifeguarding procedures, the management and maintenance of aquatic facilities, and safety policies in and around those facilities are included in this course. American Red Cross certification is available. Prerequisite: PE 102 or equivalent.

227. Water Safety Instructor Course (2); 0,4
Training for water safety instructors. Students will be trained to teach and/or certify swimmers in the following aquatic courses: basic and emergency water safety, infant and preschool aquatic program, and progressive swimming courses (beginning swimming to advanced swimming). Theoretical and practical knowledge of aquatic instruction is covered in depth. Prerequisite: Current lifeguard certificate or equivalent.

231. Adapted Aquatics (2); 0,4
Students will be trained to teach the physically and mentally challenged to swim. It is preferred, but not required, that students have a background in swimming.

234 – 434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Hands-on experience of various intensity and time in HPS.

261. Tech of Team Sports (2); 1,2;
This course prepares teachers to be able to give movement prescription regarding team skills activities. The team skill activities include: dribbling, ball handling, use of implements, catching, throwing, passing manipulation, kicking, striking, dodging and chasing. Class experiences will include analyzing movement and performance techniques including the use of specific performance feedback, and applications to team sport activities.

263. Tech of Individual Sports (2); 1,2;
This course prepares teachers to be able to give movement prescription regarding individual sports activities, such as racquet sports, golf, and others. Instruction in the techniques inherent to each individual sport will be presented. Class experiences will include analyzing movement and performance techniques, including the use of specific performance feedback, and applications to individual sport activities.

265. Tech of Innovative Games and Activities (2); 1,2;
This course is designed to prepare teachers to be able to give movement prescription regarding innovative games and activities, such as ultimate, disc golf, flickerball, and team handball. Instruction in the techniques inherent to innovative games and activities will be presented. Class experiences will include analyzing movement and performance techniques including the use of specific performance feedback, and applications to regarding innovative games and activities.

270. Introduction to Athletic Training (4); 3,2
An introduction to clinical athletic training for entry-level athletic training majors. Emphasis will be on clinical education components, policies and procedures as used in the clinical/ athletic training room, and beginning taping skills. Principles in the prevention, recognition, and immediate care and treatment of athletic injuries will be presented.  Prerequisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, HLTH 213, HPS 223, and HPS 273.

273. Medical Terminology (2); 2,0
This course is strictly lecture in nature and designed to assist the student in developing his or her recognition of medical and physiologic terminology. Prerequisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, and HLTH 213.

290 – 490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

334 – 434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Field experience work placement with specific responsibility over a sustained period of time. All practicum courses will include on-campus seminars with the supervisors. Credit hours for each experience are approved separately by program area. May be repeated for a maximum of four credit hours. Practicum areas may be offered in aquatics, adapted physical education, athletic coaching, athletic training, health education, and physical education. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

350. Methods of Teaching Health Physical Education (3)
A comprehensive course in health education and in physical education methods and curriculum. Practical skills include curriculum construction, writing behavioral objectives, writing lesson plans, and carrying out effective health instruction and effective physical education instruction, such as use of methods, materials, resources, and evaluation techniques. Much class time is spent in hands-on planning and teaching of lessons. Students will develop a health promotion or wellness philosophy and practical skills for teaching health science. Micro-teaching in both health education and in physical education is a requirement in the course. Prerequisite: HLTH 151, HPS 261, 263, and 265 or the equivalent.

365. Coaching/Officiating Baseball/Softball (2)
Philosophy, strategy, leadership, team, and practice organization and coaching methods for baseball/softball are covered. It also includes lecture and laboratory experience in the rules and mechanics of officiating baseball/softball. This course prepares students for the New Mexico Activities Association Officials’ Examination. Prerequisite: HPS 238 or equivalent.

366. Coaching/Officiating Basketball (2)
Strategy, leadership, team organization, and coaching methods for basketball, with lecture and laboratory experience in the rules and mechanics of officiating basketball. Prerequisite: HPS 237 or equivalent.

367. Coaching/Officiating Football (2)
Development of knowledge regarding offensive football, defensive football, and the kicking game for coaching football. Special phases, such as scouting, film work, organization, coaching assignment, and public relations, are introduced. The course prepares students for the New Mexico Activities Association Officials’ Examination. Prerequisite: HPS 240 or equivalent.

368. Coaching/Officiating Volleyball (2)
Coaching and officiating techniques in the sport of volleyball, including strategy, leadership, team organization, and budgeting. Prerequisite: HPS 245 or equivalent.

369. Coaching/Officiating Track and Field (2)
Strategy, leadership, team organization, budgeting, and methods of coaching and officiating track and field.

370. Kinesiology (3); 2,2
An examination of body structure as it relates to human movement, with particular emphasis on the musculoskeletal system and the biomechanics that govern movement.

376. Exercise Physiology (3); 2,2
Physiological basis of exercise and fitness, including muscle strength, cardiorespiratory endurance, environmental factors affecting performance, and conditioning programs. Prerequisite: HPS 370.

381. Injury Assessment and Management (3)
Recognition techniques and guidelines for initial care of common athletic injuries and prevention of injuries through conditioning, flexibility, equipment fitting, and taping techniques.

387. Physical Education for Elementary Teachers (3)
Preparation for teaching physical education activities to elementary school children.  Methods and materials are presented.

391. Assessment and Evaluation of Upper Extremities (3); 2,2
Study of the upper extremities, head, neck, and face as they relate to the prevention, recognition, evaluation and assessment, and immediate care and treatment of injuries sustained in sport. Prerequisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, HLTH 213, HPS 223, HPS 270, HPS 273, and HPS 472.  

393. Assessment and Evaluation of Lower Extremities (3); 2,2
Study of the lower extremities, spine, thorax, and abdomen as they relate to the prevention, recognition, evaluation and assessment, and immediate care and treatment of injuries sustained in sport. Prerequisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, HLTH 213, HPS 223, HPS 270, HPS 273, and HPS 472.

402. Motor Learning (3)
Information will be presented on motor learning with an emphasis on the learning process, the individual learner, and the task and instructional procedures that may be employed by those working in a movement setting of any kind.

405. Body Composition (3); 3,2
Theory and practice of body composition assessment and weight management programs are presented. Laboratories will include skinfolds, bioimpedance, and hydrostatic weighing techniques.

408. Principles, Ethics, and Problems of Athletic Coaching (3)
Seminar approach to nontechnical, off-field aspects of athletic coaching, including education implications, equipment, financing, liability, and coach-athlete rapport. Prerequisite: HPS major/minor, coaching minor, athletic training minor, or consent of instructor.

409. Economics and Finance in Sport (3); 3,0
This course will explore the principles of financial management and economics of the sport industry. Budgeting practices, fundraising methods, economic impact analyses, methods of financing, and computer applications in financial management will be analyzed in the context of sport.

410. Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Education (3)
Measurement and evaluation principles and techniques applied to the learner and to programs in physical education.

412. Public Relations in Sport (3); 3,0
This course provides both theoretical and practical applications of public relations with regard to the sport industry. Specific managerial functions relating to effective communication with various publics will be analyzed, including employee relations, community relations, media relations, customer relations, and image enhancement.

415. Women in Sport (3)
This course discusses the past, present and future of women in sport. Information includes the historical and cultural foundation of women’s sport from ancient to modern times, biomedical considerations specific to women, and the psychosocial dimensions of women’s sport.

416. Aquatic Management (3)
This course provides guidelines for safe operation and efficient management of swimming pools and other related aquatic facilities. Students will take the Certified Pool Operator certification examination at the end of the course. A score of 70 percent or above certifies the student as a certified pool operator for five years.

420. Advanced Athletic Training (4); 3,2
This one-semester course is designed for student athletic trainers in their last semester/year of athletic training. It includes topics of interest on the most recent developments in the area of injury assessment, evaluation treatment, and rehabilitation. Also included will be topics on nutrition and conditioning of the athlete for optimal performance. Prerequisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, HLTH 213, HPS 223, HPS 273, and HPS 472.

421. Designs for Fitness (3); 3,0
This course teaches the fundamentals of writing exercise prescriptions for cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness and for weight management programs.

428. Nutrition and Supplements for Sports (3)
Various sports supplements used as ergogenic aids will be discussed, in relation to their use, safety, and validity.

430. ACSM Health Fitness Instructor Review (3)
This course helps prepare students for the certification in health/fitness Instructor by the American College of Sports Medicine

432. NSCA Strength Coach Review (3); 3,0
The course helps students  prepare for the National Strength and Conditioning Association’s Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) exam. The course will focus on NSCA terminology and training philosophy, helping to integrate the student’s knowledge of personal training, exercise physiology, and kinesiology.

436. Pediatric Exercise Physiology (3); 3,0
The physiological aspects of exercise in children will be discussed. Differences between the physiology of adults and children will be compared to enhance the understanding of this special population.

438. Physical Activity and Aging (3); 3,0
The biological aspects of aging and their relationship to physical fitness and assessment are discussed.

440. Experiential Activities (3); 3,0
This course covers the development of a repertoire of activities useful in promoting self-esteem, improving communication skills, promoting group cohesion and trust among individuals, and developing problem-solving skills.

446. Administration of Athletic Training (3); 3,0
Discussion of issues in the organization and administration of athletic training programs to include the knowledge to develop, administer, and manage an athletic training room. Professional responsibilities and avenues of professional development, as well as legal implications of misconduct, will be addressed. Prerequisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, HLTH 213, HPS 223, HPS 270, HPS 273 and HPS 472.

450. Seminar in Human Performance and Sport (1-4 VC)
The course presents seminar investigations in physical education and/or the related areas of health education, recreation, and athletics.

461. Sport Marketing and Promotion (3); 3,0
Course covers elements and salient issues in management of sport marketing and promotion, including segmentation and targeting, marketing mix, and research and analysis.

465. Planning Areas and Facilities (3)
Planning, financing, and managing physical education and athletic grounds and facilities, health and fitness centers, private and commercial facilities, and campsites for professional personnel.

468. Physical Education for Special Populations (3)
Investigations of the historical aspects and current issues of providing adapted/special education programs for special populations. The course covers implications of federal legislation, practice in preparing Individual Educations Programs (IEPs), program assessment, planning, and evaluation.

472. Biomechanics of Sport (3)
An examination of the musculoskeletal system as it relates to human movement. This includes analysis of human movement and sport techniques, using principles of biomechanics. Prerequisite: HPS 370.

476. Stress Testing (3); 2, 2
Theory and practice of graded exercise testing for analysis of safe functional capacity and for prescription of exercise training programs. Students will learn to read EKGs and monitor blood pressure during testing. Special lab fee. Prerequisites: HPS 370 and HPS 376.

478. Psychology of Coaching (3)
A practical survey of sport psychology that is grounded in science. Attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that affect athletic performance and coaching effectiveness are dealt with from the standpoint of description, explanation, and prediction. Students develop the ability to interpret research results. Major topic areas include the psychological needs of athletes and coaches and development of mental skills and control with applied techniques.

481. Therapeutic Modalities (4); 3, 2
Basic physiological responses of the human body to the application of therapeutic heat, therapeutic cold, therapeutic electricity, iontophoreses, ultrasound, and other basic therapeutic modalities used in sports medicine and orthopedic physical therapy. Discussion of pharmacology agents on athletes and others engaged in physical activity is also an integral part of the lecture. Perquisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, HLTH 213, HPS 223, HPS 270, HPS 273, and HPS 472.

482. Therapeutic Exercise (4); 3, 2
A systematic response of the human body to the application of therapeutic heat, therapeutic cold, therapeutic electricity, iontophorese, ultrasound, and other basic therapeutic modalities used in sports medicine and orthopedic  physical therapy. Discussion of pharmacological agents on athletes and others engaged in physical activity is also an integral part of the lecture. Perquisites: CHEM 211, CHEM 212, CHEM 215, CHEM 216, HLTH 213, HPS 223, HPS 270, HPS 273, and HPS 472.

495. Capstone/Senior Seminar Course (3); 3,0
This course prepares preservice physical education teachers for their student teaching experience. This capstone/seminar course reviews and synthesizes knowledge and experience from previous coursework in the major. Assessment of the student’s knowledge of history, issues, problems, NM physical education standards, technology, portfolio development, and trends will be the focus. A major research project is required. Prerequisite: Senior HPE majors.

499. Independent Research (1-4 VC)
Individual, directed research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission on instructor.

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Interdepartmental (INDP), Courses in

107. Freshmen Seminar: SMET Section (3)
This freshmen course provides tools, techniques, hints, ideas, illustrations, examples, methods, procedures, processes, skills, resources, and suggestions in the areas of science, math, engineering, and technology. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor required.

234. Co-op Education Practicum (1-6 VC)
With program supervision, students from a variety of disciplines gain practical knowledge through experiential learning in a professional setting.

434. Co-op Education Practicum (1-6 VC)
With program supervision, upper-division students from a variety of disciplines gain practical knowledge through experiential learning in a professional setting.

435. Selected Topics in Coop Education Placement Practicum (1-6 VC)
Open to upper-division students, this course provides topics in interdisciplinary studies. The specific topic is stated when the course is scheduled. Ensure success for NMHU students. Freshmen will sharpen their study skills, become familiar with university resources, and improve academic inquiry and electronic access skills. An advanced/challenge section is available for students with strong academic skills.

107. Freshmen Seminar: SMET Section (3)
This freshmen course is intended to provide tools, techniques, hints, ideas, illustrations, examples, methods, procedures, processes, skills, resources, and suggestions in the areas of science, math, engineering, and technology. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor required.

131. Freshmen Seminar: Honors Section (3)
This section of the freshmen, or leadership course is designed for students who have a “B+” (usually 3.5 GPA) in high school, or for non-traditional students who offer other indications of above average ability. In it, students will have to do more of the presenting themselves, and study skills they have clearly already acquired will not be present. On the other hand they will have a few more guest speakers, and will also have to do a more complete life plan and graduation plan than most sections will be doing. Special attention will be paid to future Honors opportunities at Highlands, in the context of major and career choices. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor required.

Personal Skills: “N”
Personal learning courses assist students as they acclimate to college life. These interdepartmental courses focus on skills necessary for success; supplemental instruction in a variety of topics, such as library research skills, reading comprehension, and general learning skills; and practicum courses that provide experiential learning through field placements. Course numbers that are followed by N are skill-based courses. While they count toward the credit hours required for financial aid, they do not count toward the graduation requirement of 128 credit hours.

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International Business (INTB), Courses in

420. International Economics (3)
International Economics uses the fundamentals of economics analysis to study international trade and investments flow among nations. Key themes of the course include the gains from trade, the pattern of trade, protectionism, the balance of payments, exchange rate determination, international policy coordination, and the international capital market. Prerequisites: ECON 216 and ECON 217

430. International Law (3)
This course shows how firms doing business in other countries are governed and regulated by various legal frameworks. Several legal systems are reviewed and the role of international organizations, treaties, laws, and conventions are explored.

440. International Business (3)
International Business surveys key elements of international business, focusing on factors influencing management decision-making in an international setting. The course explores how managers respond to economic, political, cultural and social factors facing business. Prerequisites: ECON 216 and 217 or permission of the instructor.

454. Residency in Hispano America (6)
The goal of this course is to allow the student to have an international experience. The student will register in two courses offered at a participating institution. Supervision from the major adviser is required. The courses are most likely to be taught in Spanish, reinforcing the language component for the student. Additionally, visits to local firms and living in a different cultural environment will provide first-hand knowledge and experience.

480. Doing Business in the Spanish-Speaking World (3)
This course exposes students to how business is conducted in different Spanish-speaking countries. The course requires students and their professor to visit numerous businesses, as well as major cultural destinations in the country. The course exposes students to various kinds of business, but focuses on those involved in international commerce. Students are required to observe, describe and analyze major factors affecting business in the country and propose courses of actions that business should consider to compete in international markets.

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Leisure Services (LSVC), Courses in

230. Intro to Sport Management (3); 3,0
This course introduces the foundations of sport management, skills and competencies required of sport managers in various sport or sport-related organizations, including strategic management planning process, human resources management, financial management, sport marketing, facility and event management in amateur and professional industry.

235-435. Selected Topics in Leisure Service (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in leisure services. May be repeated with change of content.

310. Tourism Planning and Development (3)
Planning of marketing strategy in travel and tourism. Topics include marketing research, analysis, and strategy.

315. Introduction to Golf Management (3)
This course provides students with an understanding of the golf industry and turf management of a golf course. It includes a study of the history of golf and the management, operation and maintenance of clubs, including member-owned, private/corporate-owned, and city/county owned.

334. Practicum in Tourism, Leisure, & Fitness (2)
Work in an approved setting for a minimum of eight hours each week for an entire semester. Prerequisite: Leisure services major and recommendation of the program coordinator on a formal request made during the prior semester.

340. Issues in Tourism and Travel (3)
Issues in the tourism industry, including, but not limited to, environmental, economic, and cultural, sociological considerations.

342. Leadership in Leisure Services (3)
Leadership principles and group dynamics in leisure and recreation settings. Problem-solving techniques utilized to resolve leadership issues in leisure services are presented. Prerequisite: LSVC 230.

379. Recreational Programs & Resources (3)
Acquaints students with the variety of recreational programs available and the types of resources that are necessary to provide such programs. Field trips to existing recreational settings may be a part of the course.

444. Internship in Adventure Leadership and Education, Tourism, Leisure, and Fitness (6)
External work placement with substantial independent responsibilities. Prerequisite: Leisure services major and two practicum experiences (minimum four semester credits in Adventure Leadership).

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (1-4 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Library (LIB), Courses in

100. Library Research (1)
This five-week course provides hands-on experience in learning how to do effective research. The course familiarizes students with a variety of academic library services, teaches how to effectively search for and evaluate print and electronic resources, and provides instruction on creating a bibliography and proper bibliographic citation in a specified citation style.

400. Advanced Library Research (1)
This five-week course facilitates the use of academic library resources and services for the purpose of discipline-specific research. The course enables students to effectively search for and evaluate print and electronic resources for a targeted topic. The course advances scholarship and mastery of content areas as students work with subject-specific resources and explore issues in scholarly communication. Students learn the components of a literature review and annotated bibliography as well as proper bibliographic citation in a specified citation style.

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Management (MGMT), Courses in

304. Business & Management for Software Professionals (3)
Most software development is done in the context, and on behalf, of an enterprise (business, nonprofit, government). An understanding of this domain is essential for successful software development. This course will provide a survey of critical topics and concepts of use to software developers.

303. Principles of Management (3)
An introduction to management theory and practice, with major emphasis on current management trends and issues. Course content is taught through the use of extensive reading and case studies.

321. Business Ethics (3)
Moral reasoning and issues in business with an emphasis on the application of ethical theories to practical business decision-making.

325. Operations Research I (3)
This course prepares the student to apply analytical approaches to formulating and solving business and technical management problems, including the use of linear programming for resource allocation, transportation problems, and forecasting. Prerequisites: BUS 110 and BUS 210.

330. Entrepreneurship (3)
A study of the problems encountered and special knowledge needed for successfully starting a new business. Particular attention is given to the development of the business concept and its implementation through the development of a business plan.

345. Principles of Quality Management (3)
This course covers the history of the quality movement; the paradigmatic shift to quality; and the concepts, principles, and basic tools needed to successfully implement and manage quality. Prerequisite: MGMT 303.

364. Organizational Behavior (3)
Analysis of formal organizations and informal relationships among individuals and small groups. The course stresses the study of business organization as a system of authority and status, control and communication, decision-making centers, and leadership positions. Use is made of cases and research studies.

372. Management Communications (3)
A study of basic human relations through effective communication, in business and commercial contexts.

386. Human Resource Management (3)
Theories, policies, practices, and problems underlying public and private programs for the development of human resources. Methods of management such as TQM will be introduced.

410. Oil and Gas Value Chain Management (3)
This course provides an introduction to upstream and midstream value-chain-management issues in the oil and gas industry. After a broad overview of the distribution of petroleum resources and the organizations that constitute the industry, it considers management issues in the extraction process and the technologies used to process, store, transport and refine oil and gas. It concludes with a survey of environmental and geopolitical risks and opportunities and an assessment of the industry’s future.

425. Casino Operations and Management (3)
The course exposes students to the unique operating conditions and management challenges associated with a hotel casino property. An overview of gaming operations serves as a foundation for topics related to casino management.

429. Entrepreneurial Essentials (1)
Software is increasingly the foundation for creating new businesses and for introducing new lines of business within an organization (entrepreneurship), both examples of entrepreneurship. Freelance professionalism is also increasingly common. This course provides the business essential for success with such projects.

431. Entrepreneurial Forum (3)
Ownership and operation of one’s own business is an overwhelming drive for many people. This course explores starting a business, including understanding the right questions to ask about all aspects of business operations, such as financing, buying, sales and marketing, cost considerations, cash conversion concepts, product and service delivery, customer service, personnel issues, pricing policies, accounting and financial record keeping, and reporting for start-up purposes and for planning for future success.

435. Selected Topics (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in management. May be repeated with a change of content.

440. International Human Resource Management (3)
This course sensitizes students to the complex issues that exist in the international business environment. The topics of human resource planning, selection, appraisal, training, cross-cultural adaptation, motivation, empowerment, and management will be studied.

449. Innovation and Change Management (1)
Of what value is an innovation if you cannot make use of it? This course covers issues like stimulating innovation, recognizing innovation, and exploiting innovation. The content of this course is equally distributed between technical and business/management material.

452. Technological Entrepreneurship (3)
This course explores the problems and issues facing a new firm (or a new product in an existing firm) based on an invention or technological advancement. Prerequisite: MGMT 303 or permission of instructor.

453. Organizational Leadership (3)
This course addresses the fundamental aspects of leading and motivating people. It includes understanding and working with people on an individual basis as well as leading groups. High-performing organizations and the challenges of leading change in organizations are covered. Prerequisite: MGMT 303.

455. Management History (3)
This course examines the evolution of management theory from its earliest days to the present. The emphasis is on various significant contributors to the body of management knowledge and their ideas. The history of great ideas in management on motivations, job design, human resource management, ethics, social responsibility, leadership, production/operations management, business policy/strategy, and the management process are explored.

460. Training and Development of Human Resources (3)
This course covers the training cycle and the development of human resources, including needs assessment, training approaches and techniques, and evaluation of training effectiveness.

465. Personnel Practices and the Law (3)
This course addresses the increasing intrusion of the law into personnel functions by familiarizing students with the Equal Employment Opportunity and personnel law. Such topics as the Family Medical Leave Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act will be discussed as they relate to personnel practices. Prerequisite: MGMT 303.

466. Performance Evaluation and Compensation (3)
This class focuses on the concepts and theories applicable to the design, development, implementation and maintenance of a pay system that treats all employees fairly and recognizes differences in benefits.  Work-life issues will be discussed. Special attention will be given to measuring and rewarding performance and contribution at the individual, group, and organizational level.

487. Operations Research II (3)
This course is a continuation of the introductory course, MGMT 325. Linear programming will be extended to include multiple decision criteria and goal programming. The course also includes nonlinear programming, the application of probability distributions to business decision analysis, queuing analysis, and simulation. Students will be expected to solve a variety of business problems using a PC with Excel and add-ins. Prerequisite: MGMT 325.

489. Strategic Management (3)
This course is designed as the capstone business course. Strategic management and business policy is studied using various analytical tools and case studies. The outcomes assessment test will be given to all students enrolled in this class. The test may be scheduled for a time other than the class meeting. Prerequisites: Completion of business core and senior standing, or permission of instructor.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

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Management Information Systems (MIS), Courses in

145. Microcomputer Applications in Business (3)
This course introduces the student to the practical application and use of Microsoft Office® applications. The course focuses on two programs that are widely used in business, Excel® and PowerPoint®. Excel spreadsheet models represent a powerful tool for data analysis. PowerPoint is a powerful tool for business communication. 

236. Introduction to Business and Information Systems (3)
An introduction to business systems and the information technology that supports them. Topics include system theory, organization structure and culture, role of information systems, and convergent engineering to model and re-engineer business systems.

331. Decision Support Systems (3)
Study of the theory and several practical techniques of computer-based support systems, including linear programming, simulation, and decision theory. Prerequisites: CS 245, BUS 210, and knowledge of spreadsheets or permission of instructor. Cross-listed as CS 331.

335. Selected Topics in Information Systems (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in information systems. May be repeated with a change of content.

370. System Design and Analysis (3)
Analysis and design of information systems emphasizing the object approach while including elements of traditional analysis and design modeling. Software development lifecycles, requirements gathering, decomposition, and formal modeling will be covered. Cross-listed as CS 351.

371. Object-Oriented Programming (3)
Object programming is fundamentally different from procedural programming. This course will teach good object design, cover programming idioms, investigate the use of design patterns, and look at the strengths and limitations of various languages for object-oriented programming.

374. Information Systems Environments (3)
This course will cover the role of operating systems as support environments for business automation and will stress the planning and design issues, such as security, user management, etc., that precede selection and implementation of a modern multi-user operating system, like Windows 2000® or Linux.

376. Integrated Business Applications (3)
A course designed to familiarize students with standard business application software, especially integrated software suites. Sharing of data among applications and extending the capability of standard applications with macros is covered.

380. From Data to Knowledge (3)
This course traces our understanding to data, information, and knowledge, the content of information systems. The course begins with the concept of primitive types and proceeds through detailed definition of data to the transformation of data into information and concludes with the concept of knowledge as a mental construct to be captured and manipulated with computer systems.

410. IT Infrastructure (3)
Infrastructure refers to the hardware and systems-level software that support any contemporary organization. Establishment and maintenance of this infrastructure is the responsibility of the IT department. Students will learn the components of this infrastructure (servers, networks, workstation, and operating systems) and the applicable concepts of management and security.

420. Business - IT Ecologies (3)
Enterprises and the IT systems that support them have diverged almost from the beginning of business computing. Eliminating this gap has been the goal of numerous innovations, none of which has fully succeeded. This course covers the reason for the divergence, integration attempts, and the causes and potential solutions of the problem.

425. Information Systems: Management Issues and Techniques (3)
A capstone course addressing the management, education, and control issues associated with information systems. The course addresses the problem of staying technically current, TQM issues, and systems selection processes. Prerequisite: MIS 370.

430. Chief Information Officer (CIO) (3)
Management that provides oversight, coordination, and direction of information technology and software projects that require a different set of perspectives, approaches, and techniques. This course covers that subject matter across from project management to executive management, the chief information office (CIO).

352. Web Programming (3)
Web-based applications have become a major component of business IT systems. This course covers the concepts, tools, and practices required to conceive and implement multimedia, interactive, web-based applications.

355. Website Authoring and Management Creation (3)
This course focuses on the creation, maintenance, management, and security of large scale websites, including corporate intranets. Prerequisite: MIS 352.

440. Innovation Management Creation (3)
Innovation and adaptability are two of the biggest challenges for the modern enterprise. This course covers change and the need for rapid response (adaptation), how innovation supports this need, factors that support innovation, and management issues, including how to establish a culture of innovation.

445. Sustainable enterprise (3)
The concept of a sustainable enterprise merges several distinct issues, e.g., being ecologically responsible, learning, and longevity. This course provides the student with the knowledge necessary to synthesize a strategy and to implement practices required for an organization to achieve sustainability. 

451. Internet Marketing Strategies (3)
The course focuses on the place of Internet marketing in an Internet marketing strategy, consumer behavior on the Internet, current internet marketing practices, and the future of Internet marketing. Prerequisite:  MKTG 451, cross-listed as MKTG 302.

480. Project Management (3)
This course illustrates important aspects of project management, an essential function in both for-profit and not-for-profit organizations. Students will work in teams to study the importance of planning, resource allocation, metrics, tracking, and reporting project costs and schedules. State-of-the-art software will be used for an extensive project during the course of the semester.

485. Systems and Software Architecture (3)
A capstone course. Students will extend their understanding of the design of comprehensive systems that integrate business requirements, workflow, organization structure, and information processing. Students will also demonstrate, with a practical application design, their understanding of MIS principles.

486. Web-Site Authoring and Management (3)
This course covers the basics of web-page design, including interactive and dynamic pages. Use of basic technology, like HTML, XML, CGI programming and page creation tools, is covered. Also stressed are site management and maintenance using dedicated web tools.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Marketing (MKTG), Courses in

302. Principles of Marketing (3)
A study of the principles of marketing goods and services.

320. Professional Sales (3)
The business-to-business sales function is examined from the viewpoint of the sales professional and the viewpoint of the buyer. This course stresses application through the use of role-play situations, analyzing customer needs and social styles. It focuses heavily on professional sales ethics. Prerequisite: MKTG 302.

375. Retail Management (3)
Analysis of decisions in the areas of store location and layout, retail personnel management, merchandising policies and control, and marketing strategies. Prerequisite: MKTG 302.

411. Marketing Research (3)
Gathering, recording, and analyzing data about problems relating to the marketing of goods and services. Prerequisites: MKTG 302, MATH 153 (or BUS 110), MATH 156 (or BUS 210), and ENGL 367.

415. Consumer Behavior (3)
Introduction of the study of how and why consumers buy products and services. Study of the psychological, sociological, behavioral, and cultural aspects of the buying decision and how firms can use this information to sell more effectively in the marketplace. Prerequisite: MKTG 302.

420. Sales Management (3)
Analysis of the sales management process from a decision-making perspective. It includes defining the strategic role of the sales function, designing the sales organization, sales force development and direction, and sales force performance evaluation. Prerequisite: MKTG 302.

430. International Negotiations (3)
The main goal of this course is to study the fundamentals of international negotiations and the effect of cultural differences among regions of the world in the negotiation processes.

435. Selected Topics in Marketing (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in marketing. May be repeated with a change of content.

440. Marketing Channels and Marketing Logistics (3)
Principles, methods, and problems relating to wholesaling, retailing, and physical distribution. Prerequisites: MKTG 302 and ENGL 367.

446. Social Media (3)
Social media represents one of the most significant changes in consumer media behavior in history, resulting in fundamental shifts in the way marketers communicate and interact with consumers. This course provides the practical knowledge and insights required to establish objectives and strategies, properly select the social media platforms to engage consumers, and monitor and measure the results of these efforts. Prerequisite: MKTG 302 or equivalent.

451. Internet Marketing Strategies (3)
The course focuses on the place of Internet marketing in an integrated marketing strategy, consumer behavior on the Internet, current Internet marketing practices, and the future of Internet marketing. Prerequisite: MKTG 302, cross-listed as MKTG 451.

473. Advertising (3)
This course examines the role of advertising and promotion in a firm’s integrated marketing communications strategy. Traditional advertising functions and strategies are analyzed along with new forms of advertising and promotion driven by changing technology.

474. International Marketing (3)
Objectives, problems, and challenges facing those who engage in marketing operations in foreign countries. Foreign marketing organizations, cultural dynamics, trade channels, the legal environment, and political considerations are examined. Prerequisite: MKTG 302.

484. Marketing Management (3)
The approaches and problems of marketing decision-making, considered from the standpoint of the marketing manager. Prerequisite: MKTG 302, ENGL 367, or permission of instructor.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Mathematics (MATH), Courses in

070. Fundamentals of Arithmetic (3)
An intensive review of the properties of arithmetic and signed numbers. Note: This course does not count towards the 128-hour credit requirement for graduation.

100. Introduction to Algebra (3)
A review of the arithmetic of integers and rational numbers, a study of linear equations and inequalities in one variable with applications, integer exponents, scientific notation, the equation of the line, ratio, proportion, and percent. Prerequisite: MATH 070 or the appropriate compass test score. Note: This course does not count towards the 128-hour credit requirement for graduation.

115. Mathematics for Elementary Teachers 1 (3); 2,2
This course provides the prospective elementary teacher with a conceptual framework for mastering K-8 mathematics. It is the first of a two-course mathematics requirement for elementary education majors. Prerequisite: MATH 100 with a minimum grade of C, or ACT score of 17 or above.

120. Intermediate Algebra (3)
A study of linear equations and inequalities in one variable with applications, integer and rational exponents, the equation of the line, polynomials and rational expressions. Prerequisite: MATH 100 with a minimum grade of C or ACT of 17 or above.

130. Mathematics for Elementary Teachers 2 (3); 2,2
The course is designed to provide the prospective elementary teacher with a conceptual framework for mastering K-8 mathematics. It is the second of a two-course mathematics requirement for elementary education majors. Prerequisite: MATH 115 with a minimum grade of C.

140. College Algebra (3)
A study of rational exponents and radicals, complex numbers, quadratic equations, functions including polynomial, rational, exponential and logarithmic functions, systems of equations, matrices and determinants. Prerequisite: MATH 120 with a minimum grade of C, or ACT score of 23 or above. NM Common Course Number: MATH 1113.

145. Introduction to Statistics (3)
An introduction to the fundamentals of descriptive and inferential statistics. Topics include basic elements of probability, the binominal and the normal distributions, the central limit theorem, construction of confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, and least-squares regression. Applications of these concepts will be discussed.

150. Trigonometry (3)
A study of the trigonometric functions, the inverse trigonometry, polar coordinates, and conic sections. Prerequisite: MATH 140 with a minimum grade of C.

153. Quantitative Methods of Business (3)
This course is an introduction to the application of mathematics to business and economics problems. Topics include: a review of linear, quadratic, exponential and logarithmic functions, applications involving simple and compound interest, present and future values of an annuity, demand and supply curves, cost, revenue and profit functions, and an introduction to differential calculus with applications. Prerequisite: MATH 140. Cross-listed as BUS 110.

155. Applied Calculus 1 (3)
A short introduction to calculus not requiring trigonometry and including a review of logarithm and exponential functions. Both the derivative and the integral are introduced. Numerous applications are included. Prerequisite: MATH 140 with a minimum grade of C. NM Common Course Number: MATH 1213.

158. Introduction to Business Statistics (3)
An introduction to probability and statistics along with its application to the resolution of business problems. Topics include descriptive statistics, sampling methods, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, analysis of variance and correlation, and regression analysis. Prerequisite: MATH 140. Cross-listed as BUS 210.

160. Precalculus (5); 4,2
A study of the algebra and trigonometry necessary to thoroughly prepare a student for calculus. Topics include rational exponents, complex numbers, quadratic equations, functions including polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations, linear systems of equations, trigonometric identities, vectors, polar coordinates, applications of algebra and trigonometry, and an introduction to limits. Prerequisites: MATH 140 a grade of C or better.

205. Applied Calculus 2 (3)
A continuation of MATH 155. Topics include partial derivatives, max and min problems, Lagrange multipliers, brief trigonometry, techniques of integration, differential equations and probability. Prerequisite: MATH 155 with a minimum grade of C.

211. Calculus 1 (4); 4,2;
A study of differential and integral calculus of functions of one variable. Topics include limits, the product, quotient, and chain rule for differentiation, related rates, Newton’s methods, the mean values theorem, optimization, antiderivatives and the definite integral, the fundamental theorem of calculus, integration by substitution, and numerical methods of integration. Prerequisite: MATH 160 with a grade of C or better.

235-435. Selected Topic in Mathematics (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in mathematics. May be repeated with change of content.

252. Calculus 2 (4)
A continuation of MATH 211 Calculus 1. Topics include numerical methods of integration, integration techniques, L’Hopital’s rule, improper integrals, applications of integration, sequences, and series. Prerequisite: MATH 211 with a C or better.

273. Calculus 3 (4)
A study of differential and integral calculus or functions of several variables. Topics include partial derivatives, tangent planes, the chain rule, the gradient, extremes of functions of two variables, Lagrange multipliers, double integration in rectangular and polar coordinates, triple integration in rectangular, cylindrical, and spherical coordinates. Prerequisite: MATH 252 with a C or better..

290-490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Independent study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

301. Introduction to Mathematical Proofs (3)
An introduction to reading and writing mathematical proofs. Techniques of proof writing (constructive, contradiction, contrapositive, etc.) will be emphasized over a wide variety of settings (number theory, set theory, introductory analysis, e.g.). Prerequisite: MATH 252 with a minimum grade of C or permission of instructor.

317. Discrete Mathematics (4)
An algorithm-based treatment of sets, matrices, functions, graphs, and relations along with a study of modular arithmetic, enumeration, induction, recursion, algorithm efficiency, Boolean algebra, tees, and graphs. Prerequisite: MATH 140 or MATH 150 with a grade of C or better.

320. Linear Algebra (3)
An introduction to solutions of linear systems of equations, properties of matrices, nonsingular matrices, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, similar matrices and Euclidean vector spaces. Prerequisite: MATH 211 with a minimum grade of C.

325. Applied Ordinary Differential Equations (3)
An introduction to ordinary differential equations.  Topics include linear and separable first-order equations, linear second-order equations with constant coefficients, applications of first-order and second-order equations, and Laplace transform methods. Prerequisite: MATH 252 with a minimum grade of C.

345. Mathematical Statistics 1 (3)
A calculus-based introductory course in statistics including probability, discrete and continuous distributions, confidence intervals, p-values and the analysis of decision rules. Prerequisite: MATH 205 or Math 211 with a minimum grade of C. 

401. Discrete Chaos and Fractals (3)
An introduction to fractal geometry and discrete dynamics in one dimension. Topics include stability of one-dimensional maps, periodic points, bifurcations, period three orbits, Sharkovsky’s theorem, Schwarzian derivative, chaos in one dimension, metric spaces, transitivity, conjugacy, fractals, fractal dimension, Julia and Mandelbrot sets. Prerequisites: MATH 317 and MATH 273 with a minimum grade of C, or permission of instructor.

402. Discrete Dynamical Systems and Chaos (3)
A continuation of MATH 401 in higher dimensions.  Topics include discrete linear dynamical systems, orbits, stability, spectral decomposition theorem, affine systems, nonlinear dynamical systems, bounded invariance, global stability of fixed points, sinks, repellers and saddles, bifurcation, attractors, Li- Yorke chaos, and more on fractal dimension. Prerequisites: MATH 320 and MATH 401 with a minimum grade of “C”.

404. Introduction to Numerical Analysis (3)
An introduction to numerical methods for determining the roots of nonlinear equations, numerical interpolation and integration, and numerical methods for approximating solutions to ordinary differential equations. Prerequisites: MATH 320 and MATH 325 with a minimum grade of C.

406. College Geometry (4); 3,2
A rigorous treatment of the elements of Euclidean geometry. Prerequisite: MATH 317 with a grade of C or better.

407. Mathematical Models (3)
An overview of model construction with many different examples. The course includes differential equations, Markov chains, linear programming, zero sum games, graphs, and queues. Prerequisites: MATH 320 and MATH 325 with a minimum grade of C.

410. Optimization Techniques (3)
The study of unconstrained and constrained optimization computational algorithms, including both linear and nonlinear methods. Prerequisite: Math 320 and Math 273 with a minimum grade of C.

415. Introduction to Cryptography (3)
An introductory course on the mathematics of cryptography. Topics include column transposition, monoalphabetic and polyalphabetic ciphers, the one-time pad, and the Hill cipher.  Prerequisite: MATH 317 with a grade of C or better.

417. Mathematical Statistics 2 (3)
A continuation of Math 345 covering the topics of contingency tables, multiple regression, analysis of variance, and other special topics in Mathematical Statistics. Prerequisite: MATH 345 with a minimum grade of C.

419. Modern Methods of Cryptography (3)
A study of modern methods of cryptography and their applications. Topics include the data encryption standard, the RSA publickey cryptosystem, and digital signatures. Prerequisite: MATH 317-415 with a grade of C or better.

421. Applied Abstract Algebra (3)
An introduction to abstract algebra and its applications to error-correction codes, cryptography, polynomial algorithms and fast Fourier transforms. Prerequisites: MATH 317 and MATH 320.

425. Introduction to Real Analysis (3)
This course gives students a solid background in theoretical undergraduate analysis with the theory and deeper understanding of calculus stressed. Students are introduced to proofs that motivate them toward clear thought and understanding of limits, continuity, differentiation, and series. This provides a rigorous training in mathematical thinking. Prerequisites: MATH 301, MATH 320, and MATH 273 with a minimum grade of C.

426. Introduction to Complex Variable (3)
An introduction to the properties of analytic functions. Topics include mappings, limits, continuity, differentiation, Cauchy-Riemann equations, harmonic functions, multi-valued functions and branch points, definite integrals and the Cauchy-Goursat theorem, Cauchy integral formula, maximum modulus theorem, Liouville’s theorem, fundamental theorem of algebra, Taylor and Laurent series, residues and poles. Prerequisite: MATH 425 with a minimum grade of C.

430. Mathematical Problem Solving (4); 3,2
A study of problem-solving techniques and the applications of such techniques to challenging problems in mathematics. In addition, students will be required to demonstrate mastery of the fundamentals of undergraduate mathematics by passing a series of examinations on college algebra, trigonometry, calculus, and linear algebra. Prerequisites: MATH 273 and MATH 320 with a grade of C or better.

444. Matrix Theory with Applications (3)
A study of advanced topics in linear algebra and the theory of matrices with emphasis on computer-based applications. Similarity, characteristic and minimal polynomials, diagonalizable matrices and symmetric matrices, Jordan canonical form, vector and matrix norms, spectral radius, stable matrices, functions of matrices, non-negative matrices and Perron- Frobenius theory, differential equations, stability, location of eigenvalues, Rayleigh quotient and Gersgorin’s theorem. Prerequisites: MATH 317, MATH 320, and MATH 325 with a minimum grade of C.

450. Seminar in Mathematics (1-4 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in mathematics.

460. Applied Multivariate Statistics 1 (3)
Introductory matrix analysis for statistics, multivariate distributions, multiple regression, multiple analysis of variance and covariance, principal component analysis, and canonical correlations. Prerequisite: MATH 320 with a minimum grade of C.

461. Applied Multivariate Statistics 2 (3)
A continuation of MATH 460, including discriminant analysis, factor analysis, categorical techniques, distance concepts, and cluster analysis. Prerequisite: Math 460 with a minimum grade of C.

499. Independent Research (1 - 4 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Media Arts (MART), Courses in

121. Visual Concepts (3); 2, 2
An introductory course in visual literacy for both two-and three-dimensional visual arts, including the concepts of unity, emphasis, balance, scales, rhythm, line, texture, space, motion, and color. Students will become acquainted with these fundamental visual concepts through the use of both manual and digital tools.

135-435. Selected Topics in Media Arts (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in media arts.  May be repeated with a change of content.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

221. Videography (3); 2,2
The study of the basic production theories of video production with special emphasis in the areas of camera operation, shot composition, shot sequencing, and lighting.

233. Digital Imaging (3)
An introduction to computer-generated graphics technology in art and design. Students will generate and manipulate various image types, including vector graphics, bitmaps, and animations, as well as determine the image type useful for given situations.

234-434. Practicum (3)
A course to help students become leaders on multimedia projects.

261. History of Motion Pictures (3) 2,2
A course for both majors and non-majors intended to familiarize students with the technological and aesthetic evolution of motion picture. Students will be introduced to the major genres through viewing and analyzing representative films. Satisfies the fine arts requirement in the general education core.

290-490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual, directed study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

298-498. Internship (1-6 VC)
A student will work under the joint supervision of a work supervisor and a faculty member at an on-or off-campus site. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

305. Digital Painting (3)
A course designed for students interested in learning how to use Corel Painter® and the Wacom® table tools to enhance their digital art skills. Painter is a digital studio application that aims to recreate the analog tools of an artist’s studio, utilizing painting, ink drawing, pastels, and other techniques.

311. Graphics and Meaning (3)
This course introduces a pictorial media design process of conveying messages through concept development and visual, narrative problem solving. We will explore symbolic graphic forms by interpreting meaning through icons, stencils, and primitive shapes within certain social and cultural parameters.  Prerequisite: MART 373.

313. Design for the Web (3)
This course is designed to introduce digitally savvy students to website structure, design, function, and terminology. Prerequisites: MART 233 and 121.

317. Publication Design (3)
The study of digital design, layout, typography, illustration, photo manipulation, and work processing applications as it related to multipage output. Prerequisites: MART 373 and 223.

318. Principles of Multimedia (3)
Presentation of the basic principles and applications used to create interactive animated movies, games, and websites.

320. Color Theory (3)
An introductory course examining the scientific, physiological, and artistic-to-color perception and usage. Manual and digital color models are explained in conjunction with color exercises.  Prerequisites: MART 121 and 223.

322. HD Cinema Workshop (3)
An advanced production course focusing on documentary and narrative video production, as well as HD cinema production tools.  Prerequisite: MART 221 or Permission of instructor.

326. Multimedia Project Management (3)
A course designed to teach students how to work in a creative team for the development of multimedia projects, such as interactive websites, CD-ROMs, or DVDs.  Prerequisites: MART 318 and permission instructor.

327. Web Production Workshops (3); 2,2
A course dealing with Internet history, information architecture, and interface design and usability. This class will address issues, such as change in technologies, designing for the small interface (cell phones and tablets), and streaming audio and video. Prerequisite: MART 233.

328. Principles of Game Design (3)
This course provides the basic theories and implementation of game design. Students will study structure, strategy and will work on developing their own games, digital or analog.

334. Media Arts Practicum (1-4 VC)
On-campus work placement with specific responsibilities appropriate to the discipline.

350. Media Arts Seminar (3)
An introduction to the basic concepts and topics of media arts, in terms of graphic design, photography, multimedia, video, and audio.  Prerequisite: Media arts major or minor.

362. Video Effects (3); 2,2
The study of digital video post-production techniques, such as chromakey matte production, image morphing, and video compositing.

363. Video Animation (3); 2,2
The study of 3-D video animation, utilizing Lightwave.

366. Audio for Video (3)
The course prepares students to create multitrack audio for use in a variety of video, film, and multimedia programs. Digital audio tools are given special emphasis in the course.  Prerequisite: MART 221.

367. Character Animation (3)
This course focuses on character animation. Students will develop their skills in 2D and clay animation by learning the concepts of storyboarding, character movement, walk cycles, facial expression, audio syncing, and camera angles.

373. Typography (3)
An introduction to typographic form and technology. The course covers the design and appropriateness of letterform systems in the communication process and gives experience with current typographic production equipment and techniques. Prerequisite: MART 121, MART 233, or permission of instructor.

413. Non-Linear Digital Video Editing (3)
The study of video editing techniques and systems that have emerged from the intersection of television and computer techniques.

415. Design Projects for the Community (3)
This course focuses on the developing critical thinking skills for relating media content to context and for understanding how social and cultural issues impact public perceptions and behaviors. Through advocacy of a noncommercial cause, students will explore the many facets of an issue, identify key points to impact public appeal, develop a media promotional strategy, and employ visual communication skills to promote social change.

436. Experimental Video Production (3)
In this course, students will explore approaches to experimental storytelling using advanced HD video. Students will learn the basic of project proposal writing, as well as how to secure funding and seek distribution for experimental projects. Prerequisites: MART 221 and 322 or permission of instructor. 

438. Advanced Multimedia Project Management (3)
The Program for Interactive Cultural Technology (PICT) is a full-semester, immersive academic, and hands-on program designed to prepare students for careers as multimedia professionals in museums, cultural organizations, and exhibition design businesses. PICT students help create a professional exhibition for an elite institution and participate in professional internships. Prerequisite: MART 318 and corequisites: MART 326 and 495.

443. Digital Photography 1 (3)
This course covers how to properly use a digital SLR camera, how to manipulate and print an image through Photoshop®, and how to use those skills to successfully communicate ideas through the medium of digital photography. Prerequisite: MART 233.

445. Digital Photography 2 (3)
This course seeks to expand the possibilities of the creative, technical, and conceptual aspects of digital photography through advanced techniques, such as advanced masking, the creation of panoramic imagery, high dynamic range shooting, and large-format printing.  Prerequisites: MART 233 and 443.

446. Screenwriting (3)
The study of the format, the writing styles, and the creative and technical techniques useful in the development of the dramatic screenplay for television and film.

447. Studio Lighting (3)
This course introduces students to skills that are imperative in professional photography: studio lighting, portraiture, product photography, and macro photography. The techniques learned in this class will be introduced through lectures about historical and contemporary photographers and photographic movements. Professional modes of presentation, such as matting, framing, shipping, and archival treatments for gallery and commercial settings, will be addressed as well. This course is structured with the expectation that students will create a sound, professional portfolio of work that is ready for presentation by the end of the semester. Prerequisite: MART 445.

449. Digital Photography 4 (3)
An introduction to computational photography and virtual tours. Prerequisites: MART 233, 443 and 445.

456. Physical Computing (3); 2,2
This course focuses on physically interactive technology, enabling student’s work to sense and respond to its environment. This course is geared towards people interested in exploring new possibilities for screen-based and installation art, robotics, and “smart” architecture. The course begins with the basic theories of electronics and leads to fully functional interactive projects. Through current examples, technical lectures, and hands-on supervised work time, students will learn the process of building projects which react to physical interactions, as well as build a series of working prototypes.

457. Surround & Installation Workshop (3)
The course prepares students to create multimedia, interactive audio installations. Works for gallery and public art installation are given special emphasis in this course. Prerequisite: MART 366, MART 326, or MART 318.

459. Advanced Interactive Multimedia (3)
A course designed for students interested in advanced multimedia and web development. This course is designed to relate directly to current professional standards in multimedia, interaction and web production. Prerequisites: MART 318 and 327 or permission of instructor.

460. Alternative Photographic Techniques (3)
This course focuses on alternative processes and techniques, light box imagery, Lazertran, imagery on silk, digital negatives, and cyanotypes.  Creative shooting options, Holga camera and Lensbaby®, will also be explored.  Students will investigate and evaluate how alternative photographic techniques can be used to extend the meaning of a piece. Prerequisites: MART 233 and MART 443.

461. Advanced Design Practice (3)
This class is an advanced design class and an advanced practice class. The course projects will focus on targeting audiences, in cohesive manner, with print, web, and interactive materials. How to identify users and buyers will be addressed. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

464. Advanced Digital Cinema (3)
A capstone course in video production that requires the student to write, produce and direct a professional-quality video piece. Prerequisites: MART 436 or permission of instructor.

465. Advanced Media Projects (3)
This course is for advanced students who wish to develop professional quality projects for their portfolio. Students will have their current work evaluated, then focus on one project to highlight their strongest skills. Students will look at existing professional work in video effects, 3D animation, web-development, interactive media, animation, and video/audio production.  Students will have one-on-one group critique, resulting in presentation of a final high-quality media project.

468. Advanced Lightwave Modeling (3)
The study of three-dimensional computer modeling techniques for virtual objects. Prerequisite: MART 363.

469. Advanced Video Animation (3)
The study of advanced techniques of Lightwave animation, including the use of metanurbs, inverse kinematics, multiple-target morphing, and quasi-cel animation. Prerequisite: MART 363.

470. Advanced Design Practice 2 (3)
This class is an advanced design class and an advanced practice class, placing an emphasis on process, as well as client relations. The curriculum will focus on accurately targeting audiences for professional clients, with print, web, and interactive materials. We will learn how to most effectively position a unique brand on the market. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

472. Distributed Network Production (3)
An advanced course in development and production for distribution networks, such as the Internet, social networks, and other methods of networked communication and delivery.  Prerequisites: MART 327 or SSD 420.

475. Advanced Screenwriting Workshop (3)
The goal of advanced screenwriting is to establish a workshop atmosphere where students can develop seriously and intently into the discussions of each other’s work. Students will be expected to complete a feature-length screenplay. Prerequisite: MART 446.

477. Typography II (3)
This course explores the area of kinetic typography, an industry standard media form commonly seen in broadcast television media and film. A basic understanding of typography should have already been explores, as students will use their knowledge of vector-based software as a springboard for effects software.  Animation on track paths, light, and camera angles come into play. Conceptual studies of environment-specific design will also be assessed and studied. Prerequisite: MART 373.

490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Individual, directed study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

494. Cultural Technology Mentorship (1-4)
A course designed to help students develop leadership skills and complete the necessary training for an AmeriCorps placement. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

495. Exhibition Design (3)
In this class students will be introduced to exhibition design principles. Projects include the participation in designing of a physical space; the static and interactive elements; and combining design, construction, and multimedia skills to produce a final exhibit for the public. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.

496. Advanced Exhibition Design (3)
This course is for students who have already taken Exhibition Design. In this class, students will expand their understanding of designing in a physical space, static and interactive elements, and combining design, construction and multimedia skills to produce a final exhibit for the public.  Prerequisites: MART 373 or 415 and MART 495.

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Music (MUS), Courses in

100. Introduction to Music (3)
A survey of the range of musical expressions in a variety of times and places. Examines music as a uniquely expressive means, with particular attention to its historical, social, and cultural contexts. Satisfies the fine arts requirement in the general education core. NM Common Course Number: MUS 1013

101. Rudiments of Music (3)
A study of the basic elements of music, especially the rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic aspects. Intended as a first course in music theory for students with little or no academic music background, and as a review of basic musical concepts for potential music majors and minors in preparation for the music theory sequence. Satisfies the fine arts requirement in the general education core. NM Common Course Number: MUS 1213

201. Piano Class 1 (1)
Fundamentals of piano playing. Preference given to students seeking a degree in music. 

202. Piano Class 2 (1)
Chord progressions, sight-reading, and harmonization with extended repertoire. Preference given to students seeking a degree in music. Prerequisite: MUS 201.

203. Voice Class (1); 0,2;
Study of the fundamentals of singing, vocal production, and technique. Repertoire will be drawn from classical, Broadway, and folk-song traditions.

206. Guitar Class (1); 0,2
Introduction to guitar performances in all styles. Includes basic guitar performance technique, music reading, choral accompaniment, and melody playing.

207. Guitar Class 2 (1); 0,2
A continuation of Music 206. Intermediate-level study of guitar technique, and exploration of various styles of guitar performance. Prerequisite: MUS 206 or permission of instructor.

208. Piano Class 3 (1)
Chord progressions, sight-reading and harmonization with extended repertoire. Preference given to students seeking a degree in music. Prerequisites: MUS 202.

210.  Functional Piano (1)
Score reading on the piano, harmonic study through practical applications. Prepares learners for the Keyboard Proficiency Exam. Prerequisites: MUS 201, 202, and 208.

211. Music Theory 1 (3)
Basics of functional harmony in the Western art music tradition. Includes harmonic analysis, composition, and ear training. Prerequisite: MUS 101 or permission of instructor.  Corequisites: MUS 201 and 231.

213. Music Theory 2 (3)
Basics of functional harmony in the Western art music tradition. Includes harmonic analysis, composition, and eat training.  Prerequisite: MUS 211. Corequisites: MUS 202 and 232.

220. Music Technology (3)
A study of basic and intermediate elements of music technology including historical background, lexicon of electronic music, computer-based composition, and digital audio.  For students with an interest in sound generation, audio recording, and digital audio editing. Suitable for music majors, minors, and non- majors. May be repeated for credit.

231. Aural Skills 1 (1)
Develops skills in melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic dictation and sight singing. Corequisites: MUS 201 and 211.

232. Aural Skills 2 (1)
Continues to increase skills in melodic, harmonic and rhythmic dictation and sight singing. Prerequisite: MUS 231 or permission of instructor. Corequisite:  MUS 202 or 213.

235–435. Selected Topic in Music (1 –4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in music.  May be repeated with change of content.

244. Sight Singing (3)
Enables the student to sing written melodies at first sight without the aid of a musical instrument.  Topics include reading rhythmic notation, recognizing key signatures, seeing melodies as part of a scale, and learning the sounds of musical intervals.

251. Applied Music (1-2 VC); 1-2,0
For music majors and minors only.  Private study in composition, songwriting, voice, piano, guitar, strings, woodwind, brass, and percussion. Students received one, 30-minute lesson per week for each credit hour and perform before a jury at the end of the semester.  May be repeated for credit.  Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor. Corequisites: MUS 260 or 469 and MUS 283 or 483.

251. Applied Music: Composition (1-2 VC)
For music majors and minors only. Applied Composition is the individual study of writing music for instrumental and vocal performers. Students receive one, 30-minute lesson per week for each credit hour, and will present their work in Convocation and before a faculty jury at the end of the semester. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Corequisites:  Recital attendance for MUS 260 or 469 and an ensemble commensurate with the applied lesson (choir, wind ensemble, or jazz ensemble, MUS 283 and 483). 

251: Applied Music: Songwriting (1-2 VC)
For music majors and minors only.  Applied Songwriting is the individual study of writing music in a popular style, to be produced electronically on computers, with some cases of live performance.  Students receive one, 30-minute lesson per week for each credit hour, and will present their work in Convocation and before a faculty jury at the end of the semester. May be repeated for credit.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.  Corequisites: Recital attendance for MUS 260 and 469. Note: an ensemble corequisite is not required for Applied Songwriting.

260. Recital Attendance (0)
Music students attend and participate in convocations, concerts, and recital performances, creating a wider appreciation for the performing arts. 

276-476. Musical Theatre (2)
Participation in a current musical theatre production in an on-stage voice role. Assignments vary from production to production. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

283–483. Ensemble (1-2 VC)
Musical performance in large- and small-group contexts, both choral and instrumental. See the Schedule of Classes for a list of ensembles offered during any given semester or summer session. Course may be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

288. Accompaniment Resource (1)
The student meets with a piano accompanist for 30 minutes each week. Available only for music majors taking Applied Music lesson in voice, brass, woodwinds, or composition.  May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Corequisites: Recital Attendance for MUS 260 or 469 and Applied Voice, Brass, Woodwind, or Composition lessons.

290–490. Independent Study (1 – 4 VC); 1-4,0
Individual study arranged with an instructor. May not replace a course listed in the catalog. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

292. Sound Design (3)
A study of the advanced elements of sound design, including historical background of sound synthesis, communication using the lexicon of electronic sound generation, demonstration of elements of sound synthesis, computer sound generation, sampling, and digital audio; A course in sound design for students with an interest in composition and audio recording, suitable for music majors, minors, and non-majors.  Prerequisite: MUS 220

311. Western Art Music to 1750 (3); 3,0
An overview of the history of Western art music from the ancient world through the Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque periods.  Prerequisites: MUS 100 and 101.

312. Western Art Music Since 1750 (3), 3,0
An overview of the history of Western art music from pre-Classical periods to the present. Prerequisites: MUS 100, 101 and 213.

317. Functional Piano (1)
Score reading on the piano and harmonic study through practical applications. Prerequisites: MUS 208, 331, and 333.  Corequisites: MUS 318 and 332.

318. Piano Proficiency (0)
Score reading on the piano and harmonic study through practical applications. Prerequisite:  MUS 208.  Corequisite: MUS 317.  May be repeated with permission of the instructor, with a grade of B or better in Functional Piano without retaking MUS 317.

320. Diction for Singers (2); 2,0
A course in the proper pronunciation of German, French, and Italian. Prerequisite: Voice Class.

322. Choral Conducting (3); 2,2
A conducting course focusing on the rehearsal and performance of works for choral ensembles. Topics include baton technique, score analysis, rehearsal techniques, and performance preparation. Prerequisite: MUS 213.

323. Instrumental Conducting (3); 2,2
A conducting course focusing on the rehearsal and performance of works for instrumental ensemble. Topics include baton technique, score analysis, rehearsal techniques, and performance preparation. Prerequisite: MUS 213.

331. Theory 3 (3); 3,0
Study of harmonic function in chromatic music, particularly focusing on modulation and advanced harmonic structures. Prerequisite: MUS 213. Corequisites: MUS 208 and 333.

332. Theory 4 (3); 3,0
Exploration of theories and techniques of the 19th and 20th century composition. Prerequisite: MUS 331.

333 Aural Skills 3 (1)
Continues to increase skills in melodic, harmonic and rhythmic dictation and sight singing.  Prerequisite:  MUS 232.  Corequisite: MUS 211 and 331.

350. Multicultural Approaches in Music Education (3); 3,0
Music education methods from a variety of perspectives.  Examination of the cultural basis of music and how that focus can be important to students in the music classroom.

360. Half Recital (1); 1,0
The student will prepare a 30-minute public recital. Music technology and composition students may include a presentation of both recorded and live music. Composition students may include some computer realizations in addition to a significant proportion of live performances.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor; four semesters of corresponding applied music lessons, MUS 202, 213, and 311 or 312. Corequisites: Applied Music with the same focus as the recital performance for MUS 251 or 451 and MUS 260 or 469.

400. Audition (3); 3,3
Explore audition techniques and preparation for community, university, and professional music theater. Prerequisite: One semester of acting class (theater) and one semester of voice class (music).

412. The History of Opera (3)
An overview of the history of opera.

425. Instrumental Techniques (4)
Study of performing and teaching techniques of instruments of the band and orchestra.

450. Seminar in Music (1–4 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in music.

451. Applied Music (1–2 VC); 1-2,0
For music majors and minors only: Private study in composition, songwriting, voice, piano, guitar, strings, woodwind, brass, and percussion. Students received one, 25-minute lesson per week for each credit hour and perform before a jury at the end of the semester. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Corequisites: MUS 260 or 469 and MUS 283 or 483.

451. Applied Music: Composition (1-2 VC)
For music majors and minors only.  A continuation of the individual study of writing music for instrumental and vocal performances. Students receive one 30-minute lesson per week for each credit hour, and will present their work in Convocation and before a faculty jury at the end of the semester. May be repeated for credit.  Prerequisites: Completion of four semesters of MUS 251.  Corequisites: MUS 260 or 469 and MUS 283 or 483.

451. Applied Music: Songwriting (1-2 VC)
For music majors and minors only.  A continuation of the individual study of writing music for instrumental and vocal performances.  Students receive one 30-minute lesson per week for each credit hour, and will present their work in Convocation and before a faculty jury at the end of the semester.  Prerequisite: MUS 251.  Corequisites:  MUS 260 or 469.  Note: An ensemble corequisite is not required for Applied Songwriting.

469. Recital Attendance (0)
Music students attend and participate in a variety of convocation, concert, and recital performance, creating a wider appreciation for the performing arts.

470. Full Recital (2); 2,0
The student will prepare and perform a 60-minute public recital. Music technology and composition students may include a presentation of both recorded and live music. Composition students may include some computer realizations, in addition to a significant proportion of live performances. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor, MUS 332 and 333 and two MUS 311 and 312  Corequisites: Applied Music with the same focus as the recital performance for MUS 451 and 469.

471. History of Jazz (3); 3,0
Study of the origins and development of jazz from traditional New Orleans jazz through big band swing, bebop, and contemporary styles. Satisfies the fine arts requirement in the general education core.

477. Music Technology Practicum (2); 0,2
Practical experience in the recording studio, working and communicating elements of recording and digital audio editing issues with students as clients, troubleshooting problems with computers and computer software, using critical thinking to solve technical issues that often arise in the studio, researching technical issues using the Internet. (Meets trials 1, 2, 3 and 4).  Prerequisite: MUS 220, with a grade of B or higher.

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Native American/Hispano Cultural Studies (NAHS), Courses in

124. Intro to Native American/Hispano Cultural Studies (3)
Interdisciplinary introduction to Native American/Hispano cultural studies emphasizing thematic areas of place, environment, ethnicity, identity, language and community.

225. Indo/Hispano Ethnicity and Identity Formation (3)
The study of foundational concepts and research regarding the complex interrelationships and identities of Native American/Hispano ethnic communities.

325. Indo/Hispano Contexts for Language and Literacy (3)
The study of social and cultural contexts for language and literacy practices within Indo/Hispano communities.

375. New Mexico Land Grant, Acequia and Reservation Communities (3)
Exploration of historical and contemporary community issues regarding land, water, economics, and sustainability.

425. Native American/Hispano Communities and Cultural Contexts (3)
The study of structures and methodologies for conducting short-term research projects in cultural and social contexts.

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Nursing (NURS), Courses in

205. TEAS Preparation (2)
This course focuses on expanding the knowledge and understanding of the four areas that are covered in the TEAS exam, reading, English, math, and science. This course is to help prepare the students for this pre-nursing entry exam. This course will include a practice test, and study sessions on the four content areas. This course will also provide students with study strategies and test taking tips.

214. Clinical Nutrition (3)
This course provides a basic foundation on understanding nutrition and applying this knowledge to dietary modifications personally and in clients with various health care deviations to nutrition. Nutritional implications and therapeutic diets for common disease conditions will be explored. The overall goal is to encourage the consumer to take responsibility for his or her own nutritional status and to have the health care worker provide ongoing education on nutrition for the client.

215. Medical Terminology (3)
This course presents systematic study of medical terminology for the health professional. The student focuses on prefixes, suffixes, word roots and their combing forms. This course includes medical work construction, spelling, usage, comprehension and pronunciation. Students are provided with information, and pronunciations of terms regarding anatomy, symptomatology, pathology, and diagnostic/surgical procedures. Prerequisite or corequisite: ENGL 111.

320. Evidence Based Application in Health Assessment (3)
This course focuses on expanding the basic health assessment skills necessary for critical thinking in professional nursing. Emphasis is on identification of normal findings, with developmental and cultural variations. The course is designed to assist the student to differentiate between normal and abnormal findings, as well as furthering the development of the students’ assessment skills.  Lab practice of assessment skills will be included within this course. Prerequisite or corequisite:  NURS 340.

332. Intro to Nursing Informatics (3)
This course focuses on the importance of information systems and technology to nursing practice, education, research, and administration. Students will understand the importance of becoming knowledge workers, and develop skills for information literacy. The emphasis of the course is to provide the student with the expertise and knowledge to function effectively in the modern health care information technology environment.

340. Advancement of Professional Nursing (3)
This course focuses on nursing practice foundations for continuing development of the student’s knowledge essential for functioning in a rapidly changing health care system. Content includes professional issues, quality improvement, safe practice, interdisciplinary collaboration, and influences of socio-cultural-political-economic factors on health care delivery systems.

360. Cultural Competencies & Health Care (3)
This course explores the role of the nurse practicing in culturally diverse health care delivery systems. Students will learn how to increase their skills in providing culturally competent care for patients across the lifespan. Skills needed to work collaboratively with health care workers from diverse backgrounds will also be emphasized. Prerequisite or corequisite: NURS 340.

370. Nursing Research & Evidence Based Practice (3)
This course teaches skills to increase the student’s sense on inquiry essential to evidence based practice in nursing. Skills will be taught in scholarly literature search, and the process of evaluating material for the application in the clinical setting to obtain better patient care outcomes. Prerequisite or corequisites: NURS 340 and MATH 145.

380. Gerontological Nursing Practice (3)
This course explores health promotion, disease prevention, and management of acute and chronic health problems in the older adult. Emphasis is placed on chronic health problems exacerbated by the normal changes of aging and the increased rick of illness associated with old age. Learning will also include some community activities with older adults.

431. Community Health Nursing (3)
This theory course focuses on the knowledge needed for community/public health nursing practice. Concepts presented discuss the nursing care of families, groups and communities with an emphasis on community assessment, health promotion, risk reduction, disease prevention and health maintenance. Special emphasis will focus on community health nursing in diverse cultures and rural communities.  Prerequisites: NURS 320, 340 and Math 145.  Pre or corequisite: NURS 370.

432 Health Care Law and Policy (3)
This course introduces students to health care issues and policy applications that arise from the relationships between and among patients and health care providers. Regulatory constraints on the delivery of contemporary health care as well as legislative safeguards and protections will be considered. Among issues addressed are an overview of health care law as it affects patients, professionals, institutions and entities that deliver and finance U.S. health care.

447. Community Health Practicum (4)
This course provides clinical experience in community and public health nursing focusing on the application of community health and nursing principles for the care of families, groups and communities.  Clinical experiences will have an emphasis on community assessment, health promotion, risk reduction, disease prevention and health maintenance. Special emphasis will focus on community health nursing in diverse cultures and rural communities.  Prerequisites: NURS 320, 340, 370 and MATH 145.  Prerequisite or corequisite: NURS 431.

451. Seminar on Professional Nursing Leadership (3)
This course focuses on leadership and management principles and functions essential to the practice of professional nursing. Political, social, cultural, legal and ethical issues are explored from a leader’s viewpoint. Nursing leaders from diverse health care settings will be studied to determine their influence on the nursing profession.  Prerequisites:  All 300-level NURS courses, MATH 145, NURS 431 and 447.

452. Nursing Leadership Practicum (4)
This clinical course facilitates the application of the leadership and management principles from course NURS 451 through leadership projects and activities with health care settings in the community.  Prerequisites: All 300 level NURS courses, MATH 145, NURS 431 and 447.  Prerequisite or corequisite: NURS 451.

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Philosophy (PHIL), Courses in

100. Introduction to Philosophy (3)
The nature of philosophical inquiry; classical and contemporary solutions to major philosophical problems; ethics; philosophy of religion; philosophy of science; basic principles of logic and critical thinking.  NM Common Core Number: PHIL 1113.

201. Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (3)
A survey of ancient and medieval philosophy including but not limited to the Pre-Socratics, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and Aquinas.

203. Modern Philosophy (3)
Survey of the philosophies of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant.

211. Formal Logic (3)
Contemporary logical analysis. 

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Physics (PHYS), Courses in

105. Elementary Physics (4); 3,2
A survey of physics for technical and general education students. Prerequisite: Math 100. Applies to NM Common Core.

110. Survey of Astronomy (4); 3,2
A course designed to introduce the student to the concepts of modern-day astronomy. Topics to be investigated include the sun, planets, meteors, asteroids, comets, stars and star formation, galaxies and galaxy formation, black holes and quasars, cosmology, and cosmogony. NM Common Course Number: ASTR 1113.

151. Algebra Physics 1 (4); 3,3,1 recitation
A noncalculus-based introduction to physics. Does not apply for credit in degree requirements for engineering or chemistry majors. Corequisite: Math 140. NM Common Course Number: PHYS 1114.

152. Algebra Physics 2 (4); 3,3,1 recitation
A continuation of PHYS 151. PHYS 151 and PHYS 152 together provide a unit of introductory physics that is particularly suitable for biology and pre-medical students. Prerequisite: PHYS 151. NM Common Course Number: PHYS 1124.

235 - 435. Selected Topic in Physics (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in physics. May be repeated with change of content.

291. Calculus Physics 1 (5); 4,3,1 recitation
This is the calculus-based introductory physics course for physics, chemistry, and engineering majors. The course covers kinematics, classical dynamics, and thermodynamics. Corequisite: MATH 211. NM Common Course Number: PHYS 1214.

292. Calculus Physics 2 (5); 4,3,1 recitation
This is the second semester of introductory physics course for physics, chemistry, and engineering majors. The course covers electricity and magnetism, simple circuits, optics and introduction to relativity theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 291. Corequisite: Math 252. NM Common Course Number: PHYS 1224.

300. Astrophysics (4); 3,3
A study of celestial mechanics; the earth-moon system; the sun, planets and satellites, asteroids, stars and galaxies. Prerequisite: PHYS 292.

305. Intro to Computational Physics (4); 3,3
Introduction to numerical techniques for solving physics problems. Includes an introduction to programming and computer graphics. Prerequisite: PHYS 292, MATH 252. CS 145 is strongly recommended.

311. Mechanics (3); 3,1 recitation
Review of Newtonian mechanics of point particle systems, including linear and coupled oscillators; central force motion; rigid body motion; Lagrange’s equations. Prerequisite: PHYS 292 and corequisite MATH 325.

337. Mathematical Methods in Physics (4)
Vector analysis, matrices, calculus of variations, complex variables, orthogonal functions and Fourier series, and ordinary and partial differential equations with applications to physical problems. Prerequisite: MATH 325.

361. Modern Physics & Relativity (3); 3,3 recitation
Introduction to post-Newtonian physics. Through examples from atomic physics, particle scattering and black-body radiation, the student is introduced to concepts from quantum mechanics such as wave-particle duality and energy quantization. The student continues the study of post-Newtonian physics with special relativistic dynamics and kinematics. Prerequisite: PHYS 292 and corequisite MATH 273.

380. Advanced Laboratory 1 (4); 2,4
Quantitative laboratory experiments in topics associated with classical and modern physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 292.

381. Advanced Laboratory 2 (3), 1,4
Continuation of PHYS 380. Quantitative laboratory experiments in topics associated with classical and modern physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 380.

390 - 490. Independent Study (1-4 VC)
Independent study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

402. Statistical Mechanics (3)
Mechanical theory of the thermodynamics of gases, including ensembles and distributions; connection between statistical and thermodynamic quantities. Prerequisite: PHYS 292 and MATH 325.

421. Electricity and Magnetism 1 (4)
Electrostatics, dielectrics, boundary value problems, magnetism, Maxwell’s equations. Prerequisite: PHYS 292 and MATH 325.

422. Electricity and Magnetism 2 (3)
Continuation of PHYs 421, with an emphasis on applications. Prerequisite: PHYS 421.

430. Computational Fluid Dynamics (5)
This course presents a review of numerical methods, introduces the basic equations of fluid dynamics, explores computational methods for and limitations of these solutions, and provides an opportunity to computationally solve fluid dynamical problems having applications in science and engineering. Prerequisites: PHYS 337.

450. Seminar in Physics (1-4 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in physics.

453. Optics and Modern Optics (4)
This course is offered to students in the physical sciences and engineering who will be exposed to optics in such diverse areas as optical imaging, communications, spectroscopy and light. Prerequisite: PHYS 292.

455. Physics Research Seminar (1)
Upper-division students participating in a physics research project will present one or two 30-minute presentations on their project to faculty members and other undergraduate students registered in the course. In addition, the students will participate in the discussion evolving from other student presentations. Cross-listed as: CHEM 455.

461. Quantum Mechanics 1 (4)
The algebra of quantum mechanics; the Hamiltonian; examples in a finite basis; the Schrödinger equation; examples in one and three dimensions. Prerequisite: PHYS 361 and MATH 325.

462. Quantum Mechanics 2 (3)
Continuation of PHYS 461, with an emphasis on applications. Prerequisite: PHYS 461.

468. Solid State Physics (4)
Mechanical and thermal properties of solids, the electron theory of metals, and band theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 461.

499. Senior Project (1-3 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Political Science (POLS), Courses in

151. American National Government (3)
Constitutional foundations, structural organization, citizenship, powers, functions, and services. NM Common Course Number: POLS1123.

217. Ethnic Politics (3)
Ethnic basis of minority group politics in the United States with emphasis on the political development, problems, contemporary status, and activity of the Chicano, African-American, and Native American.

235 – 435. Selected Topic in Political Science (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in political science. May be repeated with change in content.

251. Introduction to Political and Economic Systems (3)
The fundamentals of comparative economic and political systems, public finance, and international relations.

301. Research Methods in History and Political Science (3)
Training in historical methods, including location and use of sources, critical analysis, and historical writing. Cross-listed as: HIST 301.

312. Political Parties and Behavior (3)
Organization, function, and methods of American political parties combined with analysis of political opinion formation and political participation including voting behavior and styles of leadership.

314. Introduction to the Law (3)
Introduction to civil procedure, criminal procedure, and the substantive concepts and principles of civil and criminal law.

316. State and Local Government (3)
Position of the states in the federal system; organization, functions and administrations of state, county, and city government.

320. Criminal Law (3)
Criminal Law provides the student with knowledge of the actual and potential use of criminal laws in the American legal process and how those uses might be evaluated.

328. Comparative Political Systems (3)
Introduction to the comparative analysis of political institutions, ideologies, and political cultures in the world community.

334 – 434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Experiential study directed by an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

353. International Relations (3)
The national state system; international conflicts, development of international cooperation; the United Nations and its problems.

402. Interest Groups (3)
Forms, tactics, and influence of interest groups; their role in a pluralistic society and their importance in a democracy.

410. The American Constitution (3)
Origin and establishment of leading constitutional doctrines.

415. Government and Business (3)
Case study of United States government regulations of economic activity with emphasis on the administrative process.

417. The Legislative Process (3)
Process of national and state lawmaking in the United States; legislation drafting and legislative procedure.

418. Administrative Law and Procedure (3)
This course helps students become aware of administrative law and its relationship to public administrative programs. Administrative law concerns the powers and procedures of administrative agencies, including especially the law governing judicial review of administrative action. Political science majors who endeavor to enter the public administration arena oftentimes will be involved in the administrative process, which is a complex of methods by which agencies carry out their tasks of adjudication, rule-making, and related functions.

419. Public Administration (3)
Organization of the administrative structure, problems of internal management, personnel, fiscal management, forms of administrative action, and procedure.

425. History of Economic Thought (3)
Development of economic thought from the Middle Ages to the present.

433. Chinese Communist Government (3)
Analysis of the Chinese government with emphasis on the role of the Communist Party; relationship of policies to tradition and world affairs.

446. Government and Politics of Latin America (3)
Analysis of political systems, contemporary mass movements, and inter-American relations.

450. Seminar in Political Science (1-4 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in political science.

451. Seminar: New Mexico Government and Politics (3)
Structure, organization, function, and operation of New Mexico state and local government.

453. International Relations, Human Rights and International Law (3)
A theoretical and critical analysis of the meaning and relevancy of the IR politics and its collision with international law and human rights in the age of globalization. Prerequisite: POLS 353, or permission of instructor.

458. Political Theory and Philosophy (3)
Leading political ideas of the western world.

460. The American and Russian Systems (3)
Comparison of political and economic institutions, including the underlying political theory of the two nations.

462. International Monetary Systems (3)
This course is an examination of the national and international procedural rules which channel the behavior of governments and monetary institutions.

463. Political Economy (3)
Comparative study and analysis of the political economies of the major countries of the world, stressing the interdependence of the study of economics and politics.

490. Senior Readings (1-4 VC)
Individually assigned readings and supervised investigations arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Advanced standing toward a major or minor, with a B average, and permission of instructor.

497. LSAT Prep & Legal Logic Class (3)
Legal Logic and LSAT Preparation will provide students the fundamental skills sets to understand the fundamentals of logical reasoning and how it is used in law school and how to optimize their LSAT scores.

499. Supervised Research (1-4 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Advanced standing toward a major or minor, with a B average, and permission of instructor.

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Psychology (PSY), Courses in

101. Psychology and Society (3)
A survey of the major concepts of modern psychology and their application to some of the issues in modern society.  Two lecture hours per week are scheduled along with a weekly small group discussion, which supplements the lectures by means of discussion, films, and demonstrations. NM Common Course Number: PSYC 1113.

201. Cognition and Life Processes (3)
A presentation of the fundamentals of human cognition, critical thinking skills, and the application of these skills to everyday life processes. Topics will include reasoning, judgment, problem solving, and decision-making.

235 - 435. Selected Topic in Psychology (1-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in psychology. May be repeated with a change of content.

240. Life-Span Human Development (3)
A systematic study of individual growth and development from conception through old age. The course is appropriate for students other than psychology majors, including such disciplines as education, social work, and nursing. Prerequisite: PSY 101.

301. Psychological Research Methods (4); 3,2
This class gives students a basic understanding of the types of research methods that apply to psychology. Students will be introduced to experimental, quasi-experimental, and correlational designs, among others. Majors will be required to conduct their own research project in psychology over the year in conjunction with the PSY 302.

302. Statistics for the Behavioral Science (4); 3,2
The first purpose of the course is to reduce the fear of statistics by using examples that make sense to everyone. The second purpose of the course is to teach students basic statistics. Students will be deriving answers with hand calculations to obtain a good basic overview of simple statistics, including descriptive, correlations, t-test, and ANOVAS. Majors will be finishing the research project they began in PSY 301 by analyzing their data with the statistical techniques they learn in the class.

317. Learning: Basic Processes (3)
A review of the primary phenomena associated with instrumental and classical conditioning. Some attention is given to adaptations of conditioning principles to behavior modification. Prerequisite: PSY 101 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: PSY 318.

318. Experimental Techniques in Learning (1)
Laboratory experimental work demonstrating basic phenomena in animal learning and memory.  Corequisite: PSY 317.

319. Memory and Cognitive Processes (3)
A review of human processes involved in encoding, storing, and retrieving information. Recommended prerequisites: PSY 301 and PSY 302.

321. Social Psychology: Theories and Research (3)
A review of the major social-psychological theories and research. Topics include person perception, attributional processes, attitudes, stereotyping, group processes, aggression, interpersonal attraction, and altruism. Prerequisite: PSY 101 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: PSY 322.

320.  Research in Memory & Cognition (1) 0;2
This course is an exercise in critical thinking directed at one’s own mind. The aim of this course is to familiarize students with key cognitive psychological studies by means of practical experimental demonstrations and critical analysis of research articles. The course will cover topics such as selective attention, automatics vs. conscious processing, reconstructive memory processing and semantic integration, forms of learning, and the role of generic knowledge and heuristics in everyday thinking. This course complements PSY 319.

322. Social Psychology Research (1)
This course is strongly recommended as a discussion course to accompany PSY 321. In this class, students will be discussing modern and classic research in the area of social psychology. Students will be reading primary source material covering relationships, prejudice, aggression, helping, and related areas of social psychology.  Corequisite: PSY 321.

324. Abnormal Psychology (3)
An analysis of each of the major syndromes of psychopathology in terms of basic psychological processes. Special attention is given to the clinical observation and experimental research underlying the delineation of each syndrome. Prerequisite: PSY 101 or permission of instructor.

328. Theories of Personality (3)
A review of the major theories of personality such as those introduced by Freud, Jung, Horney, and Erickson. A sampling of non-Western approaches to this topic is also addressed including the Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic perspectives. Prerequisite: PSY 101 or permission of instructor.

340. Developmental Psychology (3)
In-depth coverage of developmental theory and research with emphasis alternating among child, adolescent and adult development. Prerequisite: PSY 101. Cross-listed as ECME 302.

377. Environmental Psychology (2)
An examination of environmental factors affecting behavior and socio-psychological functioning, including such topics as physical/architectural factors, crowding, and personal space.

405. Positive Psychology (3)
This course provides an overview of the dynamic field of positive psychology. What does this mean? Positive psychology is oriented to the study of optimal human performance, quality relationships, well-being, and flourishing. How can we be happy? How can we enhance our own lives and the lives of others? How can we be creative, productive, satisfied, and live meaningful lives? These are a few of the questions we would like to tackle in this course.

408. Drugs and Behavior (3)
Psychological and pharmacological study of alcoholism, drug abuse, and drug use, including tranquilizers and nonprescription drugs, throughout society.

409. Domestic and Sexual Violence (3)
This course focuses on physical, sexual, and emotional abuse that occurs within families. A particular emphasis will be a focus on the psychological consequences of exposure to physical and sexual trauma and neglect. Victim and offender characteristics will be discussed in the context of family dynamics. Typical and potential criminal justice system responses will be explored.

410. Physiological Psychology (3)
An overview of the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological processes underlying behavior. Topics include neurological disorders, brain organization, sensory systems, and applied human neuropsychology.  Corequisite: PSY 411.

411. Techniques in Physiological Psychology (1)
Laboratory work designed to develop skills needed to collect data in physiological psychology. Exercises include brain dissection techniques and the use of the following instruments: centrifuge, balance, spectrophotometer, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).  Co- requisite: PSY 410.

416. Motivation and Emotion (3)
A review of the major phenomena and theories that relate to motivation and emotion.  Prerequisite(s): PSY 301 and PSY 302, or permission of instructor.

419. Introduction to Behavior Therapy (3)
Introduction to and survey of behavior therapy procedures and their application to child and adult populations in a variety of settings including homes, schools, prisons, and hospitals.

422. Human Sexuality (3)
Review of contemporary, socio-psychological issues relating to human sexuality. Topics include sexual anatomy, sexually transmitted diseases, sexual dysfunctions, and sexual attitudes and mores.

425. Introduction to Group Psychotherapy (3)
An overview of group therapy, theory and techniques. The course includes an experiential component designed to provide experience with group process and group leadership. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

430. Gender Roles (3)
An examination of gender roles and role theory in understanding the behavior of women and men.  Topics include development, stereotyping, sex differences in personality, abilities, achievement, and status. Attention is given to implications of changing female and male roles in society.

433. History of Psychology (3)
Review of the major figures associated with the development of psychology as a science from Plato’s time to the present, with special emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries. Prerequisite(s): PSY 301 and PSY 302, or permission of instructor.

445. Behavior Disorders in Children (3)
Etiology and treatment of behavioral problems in children in a variety of settings, including home and school environments.  An eclectic coverage of the major theories, approaches, and research is provided.  Prerequisite: PSY 240 or 340, or permission of instructor.

450. Seminar in Psychology (I-4 VC)
Seminar course in a topic or topics in psychology. May be repeated with a change in content.

464. Organizational Behavior (3)
Analysis of formal organizations and informal relationships among individuals and small groups. A study of business organizations as a system of authority and status, control and communication, decision-making centers, and leadership positions.  Use is made of cases and research studies.

471. Psychological Testing (3); 2,2
Presentation of the principles underlying psychological testing and measurement.  Major areas of psychological testing are surveyed and special attention is given to social and ethical aspects of psychological testing. Prerequisite(s): PSY 301 and PSY 302, or permission of instructor.

472. Cognitive Science (3)
An interdisciplinary investigation of the foundations of human knowledge representation and understanding, the functioning of the human mind, and how these impact on recent computer technologies.  Cross-listed as PHIL 472 and CS 472.

475. Abnormal Psychology and Literature (3)
Characters from many literary works analyzed in terms of psychopathology. Various theories of abnormality will be utilized.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

477. Culture and Mental Illness (3)
An examination of current descriptions and explanations of mental disorders in a sample of countries from all major regions of the world. Historical, technical, ethical, and pragmatic aspects of international research in the realm of psychology/psychiatry are also addressed. Prerequisite: PSY 101, PSY 324, or permission of instructor.

479. Psychology of Religion (3)
An examination of the relationship between the discipline of psychology and mysticism. Perspectives addressed include the historical, cultural, philosophic, psychoanalytic, and scientific. Prerequisite: PSY 101.

480. Community Psychology (3)
An introduction to community psychology with emphasis on theories and research regarding prevention and consultation. Prerequisite: PSY 101 or permission of instructor.

490. Independent Study (I-4 VC)
Individual, directed readings and library research arranged with an instructor on a topic of mutual interest to the student and instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

498. Field Experience (1-4 VC)
A field placement in a local service agency providing opportunity for observation and learning under staff supervision.  May be taken twice for credit.  Prerequisite: Senior classification in psychology and permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (I-4 VC)
An individual, directed research investigation arranged with an instructor on a topic of mutual interest to the student and the instructor. Projects require a final written report that includes a presentation of the problem, review of the literature, description of procedures, data analysis, and interpretation of results.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Reading (RDED), Courses in

315. Early Literacy (3)
Early literacy instruction, including reading, writing, speaking, listening, viewing and visually representing, and other modalities of learning. Special emphasis will be placed on addressing current research regarding teaching early literacy, including phonics, phonemic awareness, fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary. Knowing and using children’s books and authors to promote early literacy. A two-hour-per-week practicum/lab in a K-3 classroom is required.  Prerequisites: Admission to the Teacher Education Program and GNED 201.

335–435. Selected Topic in Reading (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in reading. May be repeated with change of content. Permission of instructor is required.

411. Teaching/Diagnosis of Reading (3); 2, 2
An overview of teaching reading in the primary and intermediate grades and diagnostic tools and corrective instructional techniques in the classroom. Emphasis is placed on developing competencies in the teaching of reading and adopting reading instruction based on knowledge of reading processes, methods, and materials. A two-hour lab is also required. Prerequisites: Field Base I and II.

416. Teaching Reading and the Language Arts in the Bilingual Classroom (3)
Methods and materials in the Spanish-English bilingual classroom, with emphasis on the development of reading and language arts skills in bilingual children. The class is taught primarily in Spanish. Prerequisite or corequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

426. Reading and Literature for Children and Young Adults (3)
Exploration and evaluation of the artistic qualities of folk and fairy tales, myths, legends, fables, epics, hero tales, and realistic stories for children (pre-school to grade 8) and young adults (grades 9 to 12), with a view toward helping teachers to motivate youngsters to develop reading skills while reading relevant literature.

427. Reading in the Content Area (3)
Survey of techniques for the development of reading/study skills needed at the secondary level as students employ reading as a tool for learning.

430. Reading Instruction in Special Education (3) 
The study and application of reading instructional strategies for students in special education, focusing on research-based corrective strategies used across content areas to support students in both the general education curriculum and functional curriculum. 

434. Practicum (3–6 VC)
Tutorial experience in classroom reading techniques and/or practice in diagnosis and remediation. Prerequisites: RDED 411 and permission of instructor.

490. Independent Study (1 – 4 VC)
Individual study arranged with the instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (1 – 4 VC)
Individual study arranged with the instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Spanish (SPAN), Courses in

101. Beginning Spanish 1 (4)
An introduction to the Spanish language with an emphasis on conversation and the development of the ability to read and understand the Spanish language. This course is open only to non-speakers of Spanish. One hour weekly required in the Language Learning Center in addition to four class hours. 

102. Beginning Spanish 2 (4)
A continuation of SPAN 101, also open only to non-speakers of Spanish. One hour weekly required in the Language Learning Center in addition to four class hours. Prerequisite: Span 101 or equivalent.

111. Beginning Spanish as a Heritage Language 1 (4)
This is a beginning course for students who grew up in a Spanish-speaking home or community who may have comprehension, and/or may lack in oral proficiency. Emphasis is placed on the four skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Community and cultural activities are utilized to enhance these skills. Prerequisite: All students must be placed into this course through the Spanish Language Placement Exam.

112. Beginning Spanish as a Heritage Language 2 (4)
A continuation of SPAN 111. This course emphasizes the four language skills, and will focus on building vocabulary-and strengthening knowledge of grammatical skills. Prerequisite: SPAN 111 or equivalent.

200. Intermediate Spanish Conversation (3)
Provides the student with the vocabulary necessary to interact effectively in Spanish, in practical real-life situations while also sharpening the student’s oral fluency and listening comprehension. Prerequisite: SPAN 102 or permission of instructor.

201. Intermediate Spanish (4)
For students who understand simple conversational Spanish and have studied the elements of grammar. It focuses on an intensive grammar review and includes vocabulary building with readings and communicative oral and written exercises that enhance the student’s awareness of contemporary Hispanic culture. Prerequisite: SPAN 101, 102 or equivalent.

202. Intermediate Spanish 2 (3)
This class is a second-semester, second-year Spanish grammar course that reviews and expands the study of elements of speech such as pronouns, adjectives, prepositions, and adverbs, as well as other verb moods covered in a first-year, two-semester course sequence. Its primary focus is a review of grammar in addition to developing the student’s four language skills in Spanish: reading, writing, listening comprehension and speaking. The class is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 201.

211. Intermediate Spanish as a Heritage Language 1 (4)
For Spanish heritage language learners who have completed SPAN 112 or its equivalent. This course reinforces and expands previous knowledge of Spanish with a focus on grammar. Prerequisite: SPAN 112 or an equivalent.

212. Intermediate Spanish as a Heritage Language 2 (4)
A continuation of SPAN 211. This course emphasizes reading, writing, and conversation. Course activities increase students’ awareness of the interactions between local culture and the Spanish-speaking world. Prerequisite: SPAN 211.

290 – 490. Independent Study (1– 4 VC)
Individual directed study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

291 - 491. Travel Study Topics (1-3 VC)
For students traveling in a Spanish-speaking country and/or region. Prerequisite: Participation in one of the Spanish/English immersion programs offered through legislative funding from a research public service project (RPSP).

300. Advanced Grammar (3)
This course helps students establish a solid foundation as well as functional communicative skills. Subtle but complex conceptual distinctions between Spanish and English will be analyzed and applied to oral and written skills. The course will review grammatical concepts and analysis of both spoken and written Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or 212.

310. Advanced Conversation (3)
Course provides timely, comprehensive, and authentic video materials on current events, and the language and culture of the Hispanic world to enhance students’ oral comprehension and communicative interaction. It targets intermediate students with a vocabulary of 1,500 to 2,000 words. At the completion of the course, students will have achieved total fluency at that level. Prerequisite: SPAN 200 and 201, or permission of instructor.

330. Introduction to Hispanic Literature (3)
This course introduces intermediate-level students to Hispanic literature and to literary analysis. The reading selections encompass authors from Spain, Spanish American and the U.S., and exemplify a variety of literary forms. The readings will expand students’ awareness of the Hispanic culture and enrich their vocabulary. Prerequisite: SPAN 325.

337 - 437. Special Topics: Hispanic Literature & Culture (3)
This course focuses on a particular cultural period and/or literary or intellectual movement in the Hispanic world.  Taught in English. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

338 - 438. Contemporary Cultural Developments in the Hispanic World (3)
This course examines the recent history of Spanish-speaking countries and/or regions within the context of cultural, sociohistorical, sociolinguistic, and sociopolitical changes, and the literary and artistic works they have originated. Taught in English. Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor

340. Spanish Translation (3)
This course offers an introduction to principles of translation and interpretation dealing specifically in English to Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

354 - 454. Creative Writing Workshop in Spanish (3)
This course explores exemplary texts by selected Peninsular and Latin American authors. Through the instruction of literary techniques, students will write original poetry, short fiction and/or a play, and will develop a self-critique of their own works. Prerequisite: SPAN 201 or 202 or permission of instructor.

405. Film in the Hispanic World (3)
This course introduces the field of visual arts and techniques of representation. The work of major Hispanic film directors will be presented and compared. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

406. Hispanic Women Authors (3)
Designed to introduce the student to women authors in Spanish America, the course covers most genres through the works of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Alfonsina Storni, Domitilia Chungara, Rosario Castellanos, Barbara Delano, and others. Prerequisite: SPAN 325.

415. Advanced Translation (3)
Systematic study and contrastive exercises in translation and interpretation. Translation of texts in general conceptual fields. Prerequisite: SPAN 400 or permission of instructor.

424. Advanced Composition (3)
This course is designed to develop written proficiency and critical thinking skills through readings and discussions of a variety of texts from the Spanish-speaking global community. It guides students in their understanding of the reading selections at the textual and cultural level, with an ample analysis of vocabulary use and practice. It focuses on strategies with which students learn to compose different pieces of writing and overall develop written Spanish. The discussions focus on history, political and cultural topics pertaining to the Hispanic world. The emphasis is on development of writing skills in formal Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 300.

430. Introduction to Spanish Linguistics (3)
This course introduces the study of Spanish linguistics, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, historical linguistics, and sociolinguistics. The course combines discussions of theoretical issues with a linguistic analysis of Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 300.

431. Civilization and Culture of Spain (3)
Provides students with a synthetic and highly accessible overview of Spanish history, literature, and culture. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

432. Civilization and Culture of Latin America (3)
Presents the Spanish-American experience of yesterday and today through the social, historical, political and literary aspects that this experience encompasses. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

433. Civilization and Culture of New Mexico and the Southwest (3)
Spanish cultural developments and events that have brought about ethnic, economic, political, social, literary, linguistic and historical changes, and typical features in New Mexico and in the Southwestern United States. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

434. Practicum in Spanish (3)
Experiential study directed by an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

441. Spanish for the Bilingual Classroom (3)
This course targets students of bilingual education and presents the Spanish language as it is applied in school community settings. Use of both vernacular and formal language will be included. Spanish is the language of instruction, inclusive of student presentations/participation. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

445. Teaching of Spanish: Theory and Methodology (3)
This course familiarizes prospective teachers with the philosophy, methodology, and practical techniques of teaching Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor. May also be taken as a corequisite with SPAN 325.

450. Seminar in Spanish (3)
Topic to be selected by instructor. Prerequisite: SPAN 325.

460. Hispanic Literature of the SW (3)
A study of Hispanic Southwestern literature written in English and in Spanish. The origins and evolution of this literature are discussed, from the early Spanish exploration to the most recent manifestations in every major literary genre. Prerequisite: SPAN 325 or permission of instructor.

467. History of the Spanish Language (3)
This course traces the development of the Spanish language from Latin to the present. It analyzes the cultural, literary and historical factors that have contributed to its evolution. The transformations that the language undergoes in different linguistic settings are studied in a section on sociolinguistics issues of the U.S. southwest Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 430 or permission of instructor

470. Chicano Literature of the Southwest (3)
This is a survey course which studies major literary genres in Chicano literature spurred by the Chicano movement, such as essay, poetry, short story, novel and drama, and folk literature. Prerequisite: SPAN 433 or permission of instructor.

481. Spanish Literature I: Middle Ages to 1700 (3)
Reading of selections by major authors of the Middle Ages, Golden Age, and the Baroque from 1100-1700, focusing on the development of the literary genres.  Prerequisite: SPAN 325 and/or SPAN 330 or permission of instructor

482. Spanish Literature II: 1700 to Present (3)
Readings represent key works of Spanish literature from the Enlightenment and Romanticism to the present. Works studied include prose, poetry, and drama.  Prerequisite: Span 325 and/or Span 330 or permission of instructor.

483. Latin American Literature I: Colonial to 1900 (3)
Readings include seminal works from the discovery and conquest of the Americas to the colonial and independence periods. Prerequisites: Span 325 and/or Span 330 or permission of instructor.

484. Latin American Literature II: 1900 to Present (3)
Readings represent major literary works from literary movements: modernism, vanguardism, boom, and post-boom periods. Prerequisite: Span 325 and/or Span 330 or permission of instructor.

495. Senior Year Paper (3)
This directed, individualized study is required of all Spanish majors. It consists of an in-depth study of a major author or authors, school, genre, or tradition of Hispanic literature.  Analytical and research skills must be demonstrated.

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SOCIAL WORK (SW), COURSES IN

330. Research Methods 1 (3)
This is the first course in the undergraduate research sequence. It introduces students to qualitative and quantitative methodologies used in social research and assessment. The course also covers statistical analysis and the use of computer technology in social research. Research on behalf of the diverse populations of New Mexico and the Southwest is emphasized. Prerequisites: SW 341 and SW 342.

331. Law and Ethics in Social Work (3)
The course examines areas of the law in which social work and our legal system intertwine. It also surveys ethical principles and related legal concepts that impact professional social work, and introduces a framework for the resolution of practice dilemmas. Finally, the course provides students with basic practice skills necessary to find and interpret the law. Major emphasis is placed on the operation of the legal system in New Mexico and the Southwest.

333. Aspects of Aging (3)
The course covers the emotional, biological, environmental, mental, and legal aspects of aging that occur in the elderly, with special emphasis on the Hispanic and Native American populations of New Mexico and the Southwest. Summer courses offered at the Rio Rancho center only.

335 – 435. Selected Topics in Social Work (1-4 VC)
One or more elective courses relating to selected topics in social work practice.

341. Social Policy and Services 1 (3)
This first course in the two-part sequence covers the history of social work, the history and current structures of social welfare services, and the knowledge, values, and skills necessary to understand major social welfare policies. This foundation course introduces analysis of organizational, local and state issues, and policy analysis and advocacy. All course content is oriented to understanding the effects of social policies on Hispanics, Native Americans, and other historically oppressed populations.

345.  Children’s Services (3)
This course provides an overview of services for the protection of children. The intersection of human behavior theory with micro-level generalist practice and with macro-level program and policy formulation in child welfare is presented within a framework of critical thinking and sound decision-making. Medical and legal aspects of child abuse and neglect are addressed, as well as federal, state, and community-based child welfare policies and programs. Emphasis is placed on child welfare practice with Hispanic, American Indian, and other oppressed populations of New Mexico and the Southwest. Prerequisites: Completion of all 300-level SW courses.

365. Generalist Social Work Practice 1 (3)
This first course in the practice sequence introduces students to multiple theoretical approaches to generalist practice with diverse individuals. The philosophical and ethical foundations of social work are examined as they manifest in each step of the social work process. Practice knowledge and skills necessary for ethical and competent generalist practice with emphasis on the diverse populations of New Mexico and the Southwest are covered. 

366. Generalist SW Practice 2: Interviewing and Assessment (3)
This second course in the practice sequence focuses on skills and strategies for competent and ethical foundation-level interviewing and assessment with diverse clients throughout the life span. Generalist practice interviewing and assessment techniques for children, adolescents and adults will be included. Emphasis is placed upon practice with Hispanic, American Indian, and other oppressed populations of New Mexico and the Southwest. Prerequisite: SW 365.

383. Human Diversity and Multicultural Theory (HBSE 3) (3)
The course surveys relevant theory describing the ethnocultural context of human behavior. The manner in which culture impacts the social functioning of individuals, families, organizations, and communities is addressed. Consistent with the mission of the social work program, primary emphasis is placed upon Hispanic, Native American, and other diverse populations of New Mexico and the Southwest. Prerequisite or corequisites: SW 385, SW 386.

385. Individual and Family Theories (HBSE 1) (3)
This two-semester course sequence surveys theoretical perspectives of human life course development and the environmental contexts within which development occurs. The sequence explores the interactions among individuals and between individuals and families, groups, organizations, communities, society, and culture. The sequence emphasizes ethnocultural contexts with special attention on the diverse populations of New Mexico and the Southwest.

386. Group, Organization, and Community Theories (HBSE 2) (3)
This is the second course of a two-semester sequence described in SW 385. Prerequisite: SW 385.

400. Children’s Services (2)
This elective provides an overview of services for the protection of children. Additionally, it surveys child and family welfare policies and programs, with special emphasis on the New Mexico child welfare system.

428. Introduction to Substance Use and Abuse (2)
This introductory course examines prevention and treatment approaches to alcohol and substance use and abuse. Approaches relevant to work with individuals, families, groups and communities are presented, with special emphasis on Hispanic and Native American populations of New Mexico and the Southwest. Prerequisites: SW 366, 283 and 386.

429. Family Violence (2)
The course surveys major sociological and psychological theories of family violence throughout the life span. Social and interpersonal factors contributing to family violence are explored in an ethnocultural context, with special emphasis on the Hispanic and Native American populations of New Mexico and the Southwest. Prerequisites: SW 366, 383 and 386.

430. Research Methods 2 (3)
This second course in the undergraduate research sequence builds on knowledge and skills introduced in SW 330. Additional topics presented include hypothesis development, variables, methods of data collection, research design, instrumentation, and applied research strategies. Research on behalf of the diverse populations of New Mexico and the Southwest is emphasized. Prerequisite: SW 330.

431. Aging and Gerontology (2)
This elective course addresses the emotional, biological, psychological, environmental and legal aspects of aging that occur in the elderly, with special emphasis on the Hispanic and Native American populations of New Mexico and the Southwest.

432. Field Practicum 1 (4)
The purpose of field practicum is to offer students the opportunity to apply classroom knowledge to practice. The field practicum requires students to be placed with a community agency during their senior year. In their agency placement, students are expected to demonstrate social work skills, knowledge, and values in working with individuals, groups, families, and communities. A total of 208 hours of field practicum/placement are required. Corequisite: SW 451 and SW 465.

434. Field Practicum 2 (4)
This foundation practicum sequence is designed to help students apply foundation knowledge of social work skills, values, and ethics in practice. By providing a series of supervised assignments and tasks, the practicum experience will expose students to a variety of social work roles. Students will apply generalist social work knowledge, skills, and values to practice with individuals, couples, families, groups and communities.  Corequisites: SW 452 and SW 466.

437. Grief Assessment and Intervention (2)
This elective examines grief and loss theory from a strengths-based development and multicultural perspective. The focus of the course is grief interviewing and case-based grief assessment and treatment across the life span with added emphasis on the diverse populations of New Mexico and the Southwest, including Hispanic and Native American peoples. Prerequisites: SW 366, 383 and 386.

440. Social Work in Healthcare Settings (2)
This course addresses models of medical social work practice and current changes in the healthcare and health insurance industry and their implications for social work practice. While this is not a course in medical information, the class will include use of basic medical terminology, a review of practice in various medical settings, and with various client populations. Prerequisites: SW 266, 383 and 386.

444. Case Management (3)
This required senior-level course introduces students to case management practice in the context of professional social work. Students will acquire skills in developing, implementing, and monitoring a variety of case management plans. Interagency collaboration will be stressed. Case management for selected vulnerable populations will be studied. Prerequisite: Completion of junior-level BSW classes.

451. Field Practicum Seminar 1 (1)
This seminar provides students an opportunity to integrate practice theory with field (practicum) experience. Students are exposed to a wide range of practice situations and will have an opportunity to address pragmatic and procedural aspects of field instruction. Prerequisite or corequisites: SW 432 and SW 465.

452. Field Practicum Seminar 2 (1)
This seminar provides students an opportunity to integrate practice theory with field (practicum) experience. Students are exposed to a wide range of practice situations, and will have an opportunity to address pragmatic and procedural aspects of field instruction. Prerequisite or corequisite: SW 434.

465. Generalist Social Work Practice 2 (3)
This third course in the practice sequence builds upon the knowledge and skills previously developed. The course focuses on practice skills necessary for competent and ethical practice with diverse families and groups. Emphasis is placed upon generalist social work practice with Hispanic, American Indian, and other oppressed populations of New Mexico and the Southwest. Prerequisites: Completion of all 300-level SW courses. Corequisites: SW 432 and SW 451.

466. Generalist Social Work Practice 3 (3)
This final course in the undergraduate practice sequence builds upon the knowledge and skills previously developed. This course introduces students to macro-level practice theory and skills necessary for competent and ethical practice. Topics include community organizing, development, and resource-building with a focus on the rural and urban communities of New Mexico and the Southwest. Emphasis is placed on macro practice with Hispanic, American Indian, and other oppressed communities. Prerequisites: Completion of all 300 level SW courses and SW 465.  Corequisites: SW 434 and SW 452.

467. Program Development and Grant Writing (2)
This course focuses on the attainment and management of fiscal resources and grants within the setting of health, mental health and human service agencies. The nonprofit environment will be highlighted, including the creation and management of Section 501c3 organizations. Particular emphasis will be placed on the creation and funding of programs that address the needs of the diverse client populations. Prerequisites: SW 366, 383 and 386.

468.  Theories of Social Work Practice (3)
This course focuses on a comparative analysis of frameworks, theories, and models of social work practice. The course examines the four forces in psychology as the building blocks of an integrative, multicultural, and ecosystems approach to social work practice. Implications of each practice approach for work at the micro, mezzo, and macro level are examined. Emphasis is placed on the evaluation of the practice approaches for work with diverse populations, with special emphasis on the Native American and Hispanic Populations of New Mexico.

469. Social Work Practice Skills (2)
This elective course focuses on interviewing and interaction skills with client systems and on skills that are required in the day-to-day functioning of social service organizations. Prerequisites: SW 366, 383 and 386.

492. Independent Research (1–4 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Sociology (SOC), Courses in

152. Introduction to Sociology (3)
A broad survey of the basic concepts and principles that sociology uses to understand the development of the human social environment and it phenomena. NM Common Course Number: SOCI 1113

212. Marriage and the Family (3)
Marriage, family life, and the family as a social institution.

231. Criminal Justice System (3)
A sociological analysis of the criminal justice process in the United States with special emphasis on law enforcement and the courts.

235 - 435. Selected Topic in Sociology (I-4 VC)
Course in a topic or topics in sociology. May be repeated with change of content.

283. Social Problems (3)
The study of specific social problems that is significant at the present time.

300. Sociocultural Theory (3)
Survey of the principal developments of sociocultural theory that have contributed to the emergence, development and consolidation of the disciplines of anthropology and sociology.

323. Deviant Behavior (3)
Analysis of behavior that deviates from institutionalized expectations, by using specific sociological theory and method.

327. Juvenile Delinquency and Justice (3)
An overview of definitions and social theories of delinquency and an analysis of the legal system for processing juvenile offenders in the United States; special consideration of juvenile justice in New Mexico.

329. Institutional Corrections (3)
A sociological analysis of the role of jails and prisons in the criminal justice system and larger society in the United States; emphasis on operation of adult correctional facilities, from perspective of both staff and inmates, with special consideration of institutional corrections in New Mexico.

330. Research Methods in Social Relations (4)
The social context, structure of inquiry, and modes of observation in research of social and cultural phenomena. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology. Cross-listed as: ANTH 330.

411. The Community (3)
Analysis of human communities in terms of social structure, social class, participation in formal and informal associations, power structure, and intergroup conflict.

412. Social Stratification (3)
Differentiation, status, social mobility, class, and caste in selected societies. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

415. Development and Sociocultural Change (3)
This course concerns the nature and consequences of development and culture change as understood by social scientists. Course will address theoretical orientations, consequences of development, and case studies. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology. Cross-listed as: ANTH 415.

422. Religion and Culture (3)
The origins, elements, forms, and symbolism of religion including a comparative survey of religious beliefs, myths, practices, and symbolism. Course focuses on religion in the context of culture with an emphasis on appreciating religious differences. Prerequisite: One introductory course in sociology or anthropology. Cross-listed as: ANTH 422

424. Social/Cultural Dynamics in the Greater Southwest (3)
Investigation of the interrelationships among the major cultural groups living in today’s greater Southwest.

427. Criminology (3)
An overview of definitions and types of crime, and social theories of crime causation; special issues related to crime, crime control, and crime prevention.

428. Comparative Systems of Social Control (3)
This course is a sociological and anthropological analysis of social control and law in a variety of social and cultural contexts.  Prerequisite: SOC 152 and CJS 231

429. Gender, Culture, and Society (3)
This course provides a foundation for understanding gender as expressed within and influenced by society. Cross culturally men and women are perceived as different, often as opposites. This perception can affect the quality of life, both on a structural level (in terms of wages earned, jobs held) and on an interpersonal level (in terms of expression of self/autonomy). Various theoretical perspectives are explored in order to understand why this perception of difference exists, how it translates into inequality and how it is learned.

430. Applied Social Research and Data Analysis (4); 3,2
Instruction in and application of techniques used in the analysis of quantitative and qualitative social science research data. Prerequisite: SOC 330 or permission of instructor.

431. Political Sociology (3)
Sociological theory and research as applied to the study of political behavior, including such topics as the social bases of power (class, occupation, religion, cultural values), decision-making, leadership and communications.

439. Introduction to Contemporary Sociological Theories (3)
Introduction to and analysis of contemporary sociological theories.

450. Seminar in Sociology (1-4 VC)
Seminar course is a topic or topics in sociology: may be repeated with change of content.

454. Women and Globalization (3)
This course examines how women’s lives are shaped by globalization through the feminization of labor and migration, environmental degradation, diaspora, sexuality, cultural displacement, and militarization.  It explores the ways women have confronted these conditions as well as the possibilities and challenges of cross-border feminist coalitions.

490. Independent Study (I -4 VC)
Independent study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

493. Race and Ethnic Relations (3)
The basic processes operating in the present day interrelations of ethnic groups.

498. Field Experience (1-3 VC)
A field placement in an institution or agency providing opportunity for observation and limited exposure to the use of professional techniques under staff supervision. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

498. Field Experience (1-3 VC)
A field placement in a local service agency providing opportunity for observation and learning under staff supervision. May be taken twice for credit. Prerequisite: Senior classification in psychology and permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (I-4 VC)
An individual, directed research investigation arranged with an instructor on a topic of mutual interest to the student and the instructor. Projects require a final written report that includes a presentation of the problem, review of the literature, description of procedures, data analysis, and interpretation of results. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.  One introductory course in sociology or anthropology.

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Software-Driven Systems Design (SSD), courses in 

210. Programming, Structure and Architecture (3)
This course exposes the structural elements common to all program architectures, e.g., variable declaration, variable scope, control mechanisms, modularization; the properties of good programs, and how to balance design tradeoffs.

215. Philosophy and History of Computing Technology and Practice (3)
This course is a survey of the great ideas, fundamental technologies, and innovative practices that are the foundation of software development. Students will learn the connections between current practices and past insights, as well as the forces that drove the evolution of the profession.

220. Software Development Best Practices (3)
This course focuses on practice and methods, specifically those that have evolved in the profession as opposed to ideals promoted by academia.  A “best practice” is a defined way of achieving a task or of working with others to do so. A method is an organized collection of practices.

310. Development Tools and Integrated Development Environments (2)
This course covers the evolution of programmer and developer support tools from simple code editors to fully integrated development environments (IDE). Students will learn the rationale behind these tools and how they increase programmer productivity.  Experience using at least two current IDEs will be incorporated into the course.

315. Iterative Incremental Development (2)
Very large, very complicated, and complex problems cannot be addressed in a linear fashion.  An alternative approach, possessing the same rigor and discipline as traditional approaches but without the unnecessary formalism, is required. This course covers the conceptual foundations of iterative incremental development, as well as the processes and techniques that provide effectiveness.

320. Formal Solution to Computational Problems (1)
This course introduces students to a wide range of formal, mathematical, logical, algorithmic, solutions to commonly encountered computational problems. Between five and 10 specific patterns comprise the content of each example. Each pattern will identify a problem in context, the courses shaping potential solutions, and known formal solutions. How each solution can be implemented in a computer program is also covered.

325. Scientific and Metaphoric Reasoning and Method (2)
Metaphor is an essential tool for exploring the unknown. Understanding how to use metaphor to confirm or deny our emerging understanding is an essential skill. The ability to apply reason to problem solution is also essential. In both cases it is necessary to understand the nature of evidence, the role of hypothesis, and what is required to establish theory.

330. Systems, General and Complex (2)
Software development is far less about the creation of an artifact, a computer program, than it is about understanding and modifying a system, enterprise, organization, and culture. An understanding of the general systems Theory and recent advances in the study of complex systems is essential. This course will provide that foundation.

331.  Web Applications (3)
This course will combine web-technologies such as HTML5, CWSS3, PHO, Javascript, and more to create web-based applications for modern platforms.

334. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Work placement with specific responsibilities over a sustained period of time.

340. Programming & Logic (3)
Fundamental concepts in programming and logic.

341.  Applied Algorithms & Architecture (3)
The purpose of this course is to understand and use discrete structures that are integral to software engineering.  In particular, this class is meant to introduce logic, endianness, proofs, sets, relations, functions, counting, probability, algorithm analysis with emphasis on programming. Prerequisite: Math 140.

342. Mark-up Language, Syntax, Idiom, and Library (1)
This course covers syntax, variations on control structures, standards, conventions, and idioms seen in mark-up languages (e.g. SGML, HTML, and XML) programming language.

344. Scripting Language, Syntax, Idiom, and Library (1)
This course covers syntax, variations, on control structures, standards, conventions, and idioms seem in and scripting, programming languages, e.g., JavaScript, PHP.

345. Programming Language Ecologies (1)
This course covers syntax, variations on control structures, standards, conventions, and idioms seen in a typical set of web development languages/tools, e.g., XHTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, and MySQL. It will also cover the concept and examples of domain specific languages as ecologies.

346. Procedural Language, Syntax, Idiom, and Library (1)
This course covers syntax, variations on control structures, standards, conventions, and idioms seen in a procedural, programming language, e.g., C++, Java.

348. Functional Language, Syntax, Idiom, and Library (1)
This course covers syntax, variations on control structure, standards, conventions, and idioms seen in a functional programming language, e.g., Scala.

349. Declarative Language, Syntax, Idiom, and Library (1)
This course covers syntax, variations on control structures, standards, conventions, and idioms seen in a declarative programming language, e.g., Lisp.

351.  Web Languages (3)
Further exploration of Web Languages beyond the basics. Prerequisite:  SSD 331.

352. JavaScript (3)
The purpose of this course is to teach JavaScript basics and popular industry standard frameworks.

355. Object-Oriented Analysis and Design (3)
The concept of object-based development, i.e., OO programming, OO design, and OO analysis etc., was first proposed in the 1970s and is the de facto standard for development today. This course will provide a deep understanding of the object concept and how it is used to facilitate decomposition of complex domains and the design of elegant and adaptive software components.

360. Frameworks and Visual Programming Tools (1)
This course covers the concept of visual programming and the use of frameworks as a means of accelerating software development while promoting re-use and improving quality.

365. Patterns and Patterns Languages (1)
This course introduces the idea of a software pattern, including design, analysis, organizational, etc., which covers how to mine and document a pattern. The idea of a pattern language is explored along with techniques for finding and utilizing existing patterns.

370. Interfaces (3)
Exploration of alternative human computer interfaces.

375. Systems Modeling and Design Visualization (1)
This course covers the commonly used design modeling and visualization tools, e.g., UML, agile stories, and object models, including syntax, use, and value. Prototyping and other tools used to visualize and communication design solutions are covered.

380. Coaching and Team Leadership (1)
Coaching is a unique project role in agile development. A coach is not a manager. A coach is a resource acquisition person, a term coordinator, and an interface to management. Along the way the coach must be a “family counselor” capable of discerning, diagnosing, and correcting impediments to team performance. This course covers the necessary concepts and techniques to be an effective agile coach.

382. Agile Project Management (1)
This course covers the production aspects of software development from an agile perspective. Story walls, burn-down and burn-up charts, test tracking, daily build processes, planning, and retrospective (process improvement) techniques and practices are covered.

385. Data Modeling (1)
The full range of alternative ways of defining and structuring data,-from definition via Backus-Naur notation to flat-file organization and from formats to relational and other database modeling schemes are covered.  Criteria for evaluating and selecting from among the alternatives are also presented.

410. Data Persistence and Integrity (2)
Problems of persistence, multiprogram access, and data integrity are explored along with the various solutions that have been posited over the years. How to select, adopt, and modify an approach appropriate to the software problem at hand is covered.

415.  Game Development (3)
This course teaches the basic concepts of game development for casual games. Topics include, character movement, physics, collision detection, attacking, and scoring.

420. Mobile Applications (3)
This course will cover building a native application from start to finish for Apple’s mobile devices using Objective-C in the Xcode environment. Topics covered include data presentation and handling and basic user interaction.

425. Advanced Mobile Applications (3)
In this course, students will work on a large-scale native application for an Apple iOS device. Advanced features, such as accelerometer support and geolocation, will be taught. Students will complete the project in phases mirroring professional production.

430.  Advanced Web Applications (3)
In this course, students work on a large scale web application combining various technologies from previous web courses.  Advanced features include responsive design for use across all major platforms.

434. Practicum (1-4 VC)
Work placement with specific responsibilities over a sustained period of time.

435. Special Topics (1)
This course provides an opportunity to respond to student interest and developing topics in the area of software development, including new domains, new tools, and new methods.

440. Information Science (1)
Information and knowledge encompass more that textual data. This course covers the problems that arise from keeping track of multimedia information, problems of categorization, indexing, and storing that kind of information. The special problems arising from the size of digitized media, its transmittal, and storage are addressed.

445. Search (1)
Given that almost every bit of knowledge and data available to human beings will soon be digitized and online, accessing it can be a challenge.  Effective and efficient searching is one of the biggest problems facing software developers today, and this course will cover the basic issues and the state of the practice ideas about resolving those issues. 

454. Proseminar: Analysis Design, & Implementation (2)
This course provides the technical and programming foundation for students entering the graduate software program from non-computing, MIS, or IT undergraduate majors. It is not offered for graduate credit. Prerequisite: SSD 452.

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Special Education (SPED), Courses in

214. Introduction to Special Education (3)
Identification of exceptional children with respect to educational opportunities; current concepts and goals of special education; specific consideration of educational programs; and a survey of trends and professional opportunities. Prerequisite to special education courses.

234 – 434. Practicum in Special Education (1-6 VC)
Supervised work in a special education program setting. Special fee. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

235 – 435. Selected Topic in Special Education (1-4 VC)
Course in topic or topics in special education. May be repeated with change of content.

401. Diagnosis of the Exceptional Child (3)
Practice in the use of a variety of data-collection instruments and techniques, as well as procedures for writing up the data collected, making referrals, and developing an instructional program.

410. Curriculum & Methods for Student with Mild and Moderate Exceptionalities (3) 
An examination of curriculum content, instructional methods, and individualized education programs appropriate for students with mild and moderate cognitive or behavioral exceptionalities and whose education focuses primarily on the general education curriculum.

420. Curriculum & Methods for Students with Severe Exceptionalities (3)
An examination of curriculum content, instruction methods, and individualized education programs appropriate for students with severe cognitive or behavioral exceptionalities and whose education focuses on both the functional curriculum and the general education curriculum. 

430. Reading Instruction in Special Education (3) 
The study and application of reading instructional strategies for students in special education focusing on research-based corrective strategies used across content areas to support students in both the general education curriculum and functional curriculum. 

450. Seminar in Special Education (3)
A seminar course in a topic or topics in special education.

451. Field Base III Teacher Preparation Experience: Special Education (6)
Analysis and evaluation of the student’s own performance in student teaching, based on knowledge of the profession and reflective observation. A special fee is assessed. Prerequisite: Admission to student teaching. Corequisite: GNED 455.

455. Classroom Management in Special Education (3) 
An examination of behavior management techniques, reward systems, and fading and intermittent reinforcement schedules used with students who exhibit more severe behavior exceptionalities. School-wide, classroom and individual student behavior intervention plans will be reviewed, with emphasis on behavior manifestation determination and other IDEA mandates for addressing students’ behavioral needs. 

482. Young Children with Diverse Abilities (3)
This course builds on the broad knowledge gained in previous coursework. It provides a specific focus on educational policies, programs, practices, and services appropriate for infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and early primary children who exhibit delays and disabilities. The course will provide a means toward a deeper understanding and sensitivity to the needs and feelings of children with diverse abilities and their families. The foundations include research-based decision-making, developmentally and individually appropriate practices, a holistic view of young children and their families, cultural sensitivity and competence, and activity-based interventions. Legal requirements of educating the child with disabilities or other special needs will be identified. Cross-listed as ECME 482.

490. Independent Study (1 – 4 VC)
Individual study arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

499. Independent Research (1 – 4 VC)
Individual research arranged with an instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

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Speech (SPCH), Courses in

124. Beginning Speech (3)
A beginning course in public speaking with emphasis on the composition and delivery of the extemporaneous speech. NM Common Core: COMM1113.

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Theater (THEA), Courses in

100. Introduction to Theater (3)
This is a general introduction to the art of the theater that acquaints the student with the elements that make up theatrical production.

134-434. Theater Practicum (1-3 VC)
This course involves technical participation in theater shows working as set crew, light crew, stagehand, running crew, etc. The student must put in labor hours arranged with the instructor.

271. Acting 1: The Actor Prepares (3)
This course is an introduction to Stanislavski approach to acting and the development of the actor’s resources. Included in the course are exercises in sensory awakening, imagination, focus and concentration, observation, improvisation and storytelling. The student actor is also introduced to a basic philosophical and practical approach to acting, which includes development of analytical skills, as well as understanding of vocal and movement conventions for the stage.

272. Acting 2: Creating a Character (3)
A continuation of Acting 1. Creating a Character explores individual characterization using analytical techniques, observation and imagination resources to create character. Emphasis is placed on physical, vocal and psychological characterization developed through analysis, internal and external technique, and costume and prop use.

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University Studies- Bachelor (USBA), Courses in

100. Introduction to University Studies (1)
BUS 100 is an introduction to the theory of interdisciplinary studies. The course focuses on exploring common pathways and connections among disciplines. It enables students to develop a personal theory of interdisciplinary studies and culminates in a detailed plan for an individualized major.

400. Capstone Course (3)
This multidisciplinary capstone course is designed to be a culminating experience for a general education.  Students from a range of study areas will work, in groups, on various projects.  They will explore connections among their various disciplines and between their own college and off-campus community experiences.

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Women’s Studies (WNST), Courses in

200 Introduction to Women’s Studies (3)
Lecture, discussion. This course centralizes women's experiences in terms of interpretation and analysis. Basic concepts and orientations as part of women's studies courses are introduced. The course focuses on women's lived experience, with a special attention on the ways gender construction interacts with race, class, sexual orientation, and ethnicity. The main goal is to develop among students, critical thinking and readings skills that relate to women's lives, the ways in which the interlocking systems of colonialism, racism, sexism, ethnocentrism and heterosexism that shape them and create space for resistance and re-articulation. The course will take an international perspective. Emphasis of the course will change depending on the instructor.

300. Feminist Theory (3)
Feminist theory explores the basic forms that organize everyday society and that influences dominant ways of thinking. Feminist theory employs a variety of schools of thought including liberalism, Marxism, psychoanalysis, postcolonial theory, and transnational feminist theory. Students in feminist theory will gain an insight into the range and uses of feminist theory.

The main goal of this course is to introduce ways of investigating and reflecting upon recent topics and discord within feminist dialogues, within an international context. Central content areas include: feminism and nationalism; cultural identity; diaspora dialogue; the social construction of gender, race and sexuality; perspectives on pornography and racial hatred propaganda/speech/acts; and international sex trafficking and prostitution. Questions considered include: What makes up theory in women's studies? How useful is theory in reflective, critical, challenging debates revolving around dominant sex/race/class power structures? What can theory offer activists? What recent debates and dialogues are emerging within feminist/womanist theory? These questions continue themes in this class is to teach students basic tools of analysis for addressing these issues.

435. Special Topics (1-4 VC)
Gender and Politics; eating disorders, gender and education

499. Women’s Studies: Internship/Directed Study (3)
This course includes directed studies on a women’s issue, in the student’s major field, to be approved by the Women’s Studies Committee as a whole and to be supervised by a designated faculty member of the committee in conjunction (if necessary) with a selected faculty member in the field of the study. Internships: apply theory, concepts and skills developed in the women’s studies minor to work on projects related to profit or nonprofit organizations. A final research paper in the range of 15-20 pages will result from the student’s directed study. Prerequisites: WMST 200 AND 300 and senior status and approval of women’s studies.

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